- By Blake Hounshell
Blake Hounshell is managing editor at Foreign Policy, having formerly been Web editor. Hounshell oversees ForeignPolicy.com and has commissioned and edited numerous cover stories for the print magazine, including National Magazine Award finalist "Why Do They Hate Us?" by Mona Eltahawy. He also edits The Cable, FP's first foray into daily original reporting, and was editor of Colum Lynch's Turtle Bay, which in 2011 won a National Magazine award for best reporting in a digital format.
Blake joined Foreign Policy in 2006 after living in Cairo, where he studied Arabic, missed his Steelers finally win one for the thumb, and worked for the Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies. Blake was a 2011 finalist for the Livingston Awards prize for young journalists for his reporting on the Arab uprisings, and his Twitter feed was named one of Time magazine's "140 Best Twitter Feeds of 2011." Under his leadership, in 2008, Passport, FP's flagship blog, won Media Industry Newsletter's "Best of the Web" award in the blog category. Along with Elizabeth Dickinson, he edited Southern Tiger: Chile's Fight for a Democratic and Prosperous Future, the memoirs of former Chilean president Ricardo Lagos, published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2012.
A graduate of Yale University, Blake speaks mangled Arabic and French, is an avid runner, and lives in Washington with his wife, musician Sandy Choi, and their toddler, David. Follow him on Twitter @blakehounshell.
One of the great things about being based in Washington is access to great resources. I just came back from an informal presentation down the street by a couple of students at Johns Hopkins’ School of Advanced and International Studies on their experiences as U.S. Marines in Iraq. One of the speakers, now a full-time student and no longer in the military, flew Cobra attack helicopters in Iraq’s dangerous al-Anbar province. I asked him what is behind the growing worrisome string of U.S. helicopters being shot down in Iraq. His answer:
I can only speculate, but I have a couple observations.
First of all, it’s R.I.P. season over there, or relief in place, meaning everyone who’s there is getting ready to come home and they’re all being replaced by the new units. It happens twice a year. Once you’ve been there for six months or a year, you get very complacent, you do the same thing every day, you start flying the same pattern every day, and you become predictable. And when you become predictable, you become very easy to shoot down.
The other thing is, the command has made the decision that small arms are the big threat: AK47s and RPGs. Those hit you when you fly down low. They’ve pushed all the altitudes they want helicopters flying up to 1,500 feet. Well now you’re in the surface-to-missile envelope. So, you’re damned if you do and damned if you don’t as a helicopter pilot.
Me, personally, I would never go up above 300 feet or 200 feet, unless I was out over open desert. If i’m over an urban area, I’m as low and as fast and as unpredictable as I can possibly be.
Once they moved those altitudes up, a friend of mine … took an SA-16 up the tailpipe and was killed in Ramadi, like two weeks later. But they’re still flying those altitudes now, like that [CH]-46 [Sea Knight helicopter] that got shot down … All of the aircraft that have been shot down have been shot down with surface-to-air missiles, which we never saw because it’s very difficult to hit a low-flying helicopter with a surface-to-air missile.
That being said, I ended up with a few extra air-conditioning vents on my helicopter on more than one occasion because of the small arms threat. So, I think complacency and flying at higher altitudes is what’s driving it. That’s my opinion.
Note that he’s not currently a helicopter pilot and doesn’t have access to any special data, though he does have friends who’ve seen the new attacks first-hand. I do find it interesting that his explanation is different than that offered by U.S. military leaders, who say that new insurgent tactics are primarily to blame. Another possible explanation mooted in the IHT article is that “an Iraqi Sunni group had recently bought a batch of SA-7 missiles on the black market with money it received through private donations from Saudi Arabia.”
Daniel W. Drezner is professor of international politics at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University and a senior editor at The National Interest. Prior to Fletcher, he taught at the University of Chicago and the University of Colorado at Boulder. Drezner has received fellowships from the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the Council on Foreign Relations, and Harvard University. He has previously held positions with Civic Education Project, the RAND Corporation, and the Treasury Department.| Daniel W. Drezner |