- By Blake Hounshell
Blake Hounshell is managing editor at Foreign Policy, having formerly been Web editor. Hounshell oversees ForeignPolicy.com and has commissioned and edited numerous cover stories for the print magazine, including National Magazine Award finalist "Why Do They Hate Us?" by Mona Eltahawy. He also edits The Cable, FP's first foray into daily original reporting, and was editor of Colum Lynch's Turtle Bay, which in 2011 won a National Magazine award for best reporting in a digital format.
Blake joined Foreign Policy in 2006 after living in Cairo, where he studied Arabic, missed his Steelers finally win one for the thumb, and worked for the Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies. Blake was a 2011 finalist for the Livingston Awards prize for young journalists for his reporting on the Arab uprisings, and his Twitter feed was named one of Time magazine's "140 Best Twitter Feeds of 2011." Under his leadership, in 2008, Passport, FP's flagship blog, won Media Industry Newsletter's "Best of the Web" award in the blog category. Along with Elizabeth Dickinson, he edited Southern Tiger: Chile's Fight for a Democratic and Prosperous Future, the memoirs of former Chilean president Ricardo Lagos, published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2012.
A graduate of Yale University, Blake speaks mangled Arabic and French, is an avid runner, and lives in Washington with his wife, musician Sandy Choi, and their toddler, David. Follow him on Twitter @blakehounshell.
I beg to differ with my colleague Henry’s harsh assessment of Fouad Ajami’s piece in Wednesday’s Wall Street Journal. Ajami makes a very important point about anti-Shiite prejudice in the Arab world, which is about 85 percent Sunni. Allow me to explain by way of a brief historical diversion.
I spent much of 2005-2006 in Egypt, a country that has an almost negligible Shiite population. Most Egyptians have probably never met a Shiite and know very little about the practices of Shiism.
Ironically, Cairo was once the seat of the Fatimid caliphate, which stretched across much of North Africa and the Levant from the early 10th to late 12th centuries. The Fatimids were Shiites, and they left many Shiite religious and cultural traditions that have survived in Egypt to this day—though most Egyptians wouldn’t recognize them as such. And yet, as Marc Lynch has documented at length, the Egyptian government has been able to whip up anti-Shiite sentiment in the country with great ease.
So it’s particularly amusing that Egypt’s western neighbor Muammar el-Qaddafi is now proclaiming his intention to launch a latter-day Fatimid empire in North Africa.
Why is he doing this? Pure and simply, to create mischief and rile up Sunni Arab regimes, and deeply anti-Shiite Saudi Arabia in particular. Qaddafi and King Abdullah have a running personal feud that even included a Libyan-backed plot on the Saudi monarch’s life. But Qaddafi’s bizarre antics—and the reaction they’re getting from the Sunni Arab street that Ajami writes about—underscore Ajami’s point. The Sunni world has a problem accepting Shiites as equals, and it explains a lot about why Iraq’s transition from a Sunni Baathist dictatorship to a Shiite-dominated democracy has been so violent. So, as we hear the screams and groans reverberating out of Gulf palaces about rising Shiite power in the region, we should remember that amid the valid concerns about Iranian meddling are some garden-variety prejudices little different from the kind that got Don Imus in so much trouble here in the United States.
Marc Lynch is associate professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, where he is the director of the Institute for Middle East Studies and of the Project on Middle East Political Science. He is also a non-resident senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security. He is the author of The Arab Uprising (March 2012, PublicAffairs).
He publishes frequently on the politics of the Middle East, with a particular focus on the Arab media and information technology, Iraq, Jordan, Egypt, and Islamist movements.| Marc Lynch |