- By José R. CárdenasJose R. Cardenas was acting assistant administrator for Latin America at the U.S. Agency for International Development in the George W. Bush administration.
Assorted pundits will no doubt argue that no president could hope to meet the grandiose expectations engendered by Barack Obama’s campaign and election. And that would be true, but for the fact that those expectations in this case were raised by his own campaign operatives.
To the extent that hemispheric relations received any attention in the campaign, the Obama team’s themes were consistent: that President Bush had "ignored" the region, cared only about drugs and terrorism, and, most cutting, that he was a unilateralist! President Obama, in contrast, would rebuild our tattered relationships based on mutual respect and multilateralism and defuse tensions with Hugo Chavez and other radical populists.
As it turns out, if events continue on their present course, it might not be too long before many in the region start to see the Bush presidency as a golden era of engagement with the United States. It was only a quirk in the calendar that brought Obama to Trinidad in April 2009 for a Summit of the Americas; since then, not much consideration of the hemisphere, only a seat-of-the-pants response to the crisis in Honduras that impressed no one.
Of course, there is still time to right the listing USS Obama in the Western Hemisphere, but policymakers can’t be happy about a looming showdown that threatens to once again embroil the administration in a contentious fight about hemispheric relations.
The Secretary General of the Organization of American States, Chilean Socialist José Miguel Insulza, is up for re-election this year after the completion of his five-year term. In recent years, the position has become more high-profile and looked upon as the public watchdog for the promotion, consolidation, and protector of democracy in the region. This has been in response to recent elections of radical populists like Chavez who preach class warfare and proceed to hollow out democratic institutions in their countries until all power is vested in them.
Because of these new demands of the position, Insulza was not the first, second, or third choice of the Bush administration for the post, and nothing that has happened since has disputed the wisdom of those decisions. This was reaffirmed in a scathing assessment this week of Insulza’s tenure, contained in a report by Minority Staff of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee at the behest of Ranking Member, Senator Richard Lugar (R-IN).
The report is a long overdue examination of the OAS and offers sensible and cogent recommendations as to how the organization can remedy myriad shortfalls to confront current challenges to democracy in the Western Hemisphere. But the unmistakable focus of the report is the necessity of strong leadership in the organization in the defense of democracy.
It states that since the 2001 Inter-American Democratic Charter gave the Secretary General new and broader diplomatic responsibilities, allowing him to act with greater autonomy in the defense and promotion of democracy, it is imperative that he or she utilize those authorities, including their "bully pulpit," to mitigate crisis situations as well as publicly speak out against internal and external threats to democracy in the region.
On this score, the verdict on Insulza is harsh. The report says that upon entering office, Insulza promised to make the institution more effective, more relevant, and more able to act; but, "After initial high hopes, these challenges have not been met." It notes that Insulza has been "repeatedly accused" of being more concerned about his political fortunes in Chile than the work of the OAS, and notes he is now at odds with Chile’s own president-elect after campaigning for his opponent. It castigates him over Honduras, first for failing to act while ousted former President Zelaya was trampling the Constitution, then for his heavy-handed actions that sidelined the organization as an honest broker in the subsequent crisis.
Finally, the report takes Insulza to task for trying to push up the secretary general election to March, thereby shortening the time period to allow for other candidates to come forward. The report will have none of it, saying, "it is essential for member governments to appreciate the importance of this leadership position and the qualities an aspirant must possess. Given the challenges described in this report, no reelection should be rushed or rubber stamped."
If the Obama administration fails to support Insulza’s re-election, it will likely pit itself against most of the hemisphere; not only against the likes of Hugo Chavez and his noisy acolytes (who no doubt see his fecklessness as a virtue), but also against more moderate governments in the regime, such as that of President Lula in Brazil, who are all cut from the same leftist cloth as Insulza and would never join the U.S. in an effort to jettison him.
At home, Republicans on Capitol Hill are unlikely to want to see another five years of inaction and ineptitude from an organization that counts on the U.S. taxpayer for 40 percent of its budget and that should be at the forefront of protecting democracy in the region from the predations of the Chavez cohort. If the administration supports Insulza’s re-election, they will want to know, just as they wanted to know in Honduras, how it is that democracy and U.S. interests are being served in the hemisphere when we are once again on the side of Chavez and other would-be autocrats.