- By Peter FeaverPeter D. Feaver is a professor of political science and public policy and Bass Fellow at Duke University, and director of the Triangle Institute for Security Studies and the Duke Program in American Grand Strategy. He is co-editor of Elephants in the Room.
The recent glowing profile of Secretary Clinton in the New York Times coupled with an earlier puff piece in the Washington Post suggest that the time might be ripe for a provisional assessment of her performance.
The articles are persuasive (to my eyes) on a couple of items that must be toted on the positive side of the ledger:
- Secretary Clinton has forged an amicable working relationship with her boss, or at the very least has avoided the kind of friction that has occurred in the past when the Secretary of State had a global celebrity rivaling the President (cf. Powell’s relationship with Bush). As Peter Rodman compellingly argued in Presidential Command, this is the most critical factor in the success or failure of a Secretary of State. While the profiles may stray perilously close to narcissistic waters to establish the case, it nevertheless is a valid and important one to make: Secretary Clinton has accomplished this important task.
- Clinton has forged a genuine partnership with Secretary of Defense Bob Gates, again avoiding the kind of friction that has occurred in the past when the Cabinet members were high-octane power players in their own right (cf. Powell’s relationship with Rumsfeld).
- Secretary Clinton also appears to have won over, for the time being, the Foreign Service Officer permanent bureaucracy at State. This is a less signal achievement, in my eyes, for several reasons. The FSO’s are predominantly Democrats and so a natural constituency for Democrats, and most new Secretaries of State start out with similar "boost the FSO’s" agendas (cf. similar profiles at the onset of the tenures of Secretaries Rice, Powell, and Albright). Nevertheless, that Clinton can still get such plaudits over a year into her tenure is much to her credit.
- According to the NYT, Secretary Clinton apparently deserves some credit for salvaging a fig-leaf exit strategy from the ill-fated Copenhagen conference on climate change. Whether the State Department also deserves some blame for the way Copenhagen ran off the rails, the paper does not say.
But the articles are also persuasive (to my eyes) on a couple of items that perhaps could be toted on the negative side of the ledger, both in what they say and in what they do not say:
- Secretary Clinton does not appear to be the key foreign policy player on any topic of importance. On the one hand, this means that she is not primarily implicated in the various missteps: the mishandled Israel-Palestine issue, which is replete with snafus like the initial settlements ultimatum or the empty trip to Saudi Arabia; the serious erosion of relations with key European partners (although she does bear some responsibility for the awkward handling of the Falklands dispute); the gradual slide in the American position in Asia, especially the disturbed relations with the three most significant powers in the region, China, Japan, and India; and so on. On the other hand, it means that she was apparently not positioned to prevent any of these set-backs and she also was not the pivotal player on any of President Obama’s best foreign policy moves, such as the decision to back General Stanley McChrystal’s surge in Afghanistan.
- Secretary Clinton has yet to help the Obama administration forge and explain a coherent grand strategy, or even coherent interlocking mid-level strategies.
The articles also delicately avoided mentioning topics that shed a less favorable light: the embarrassingly long delay in finding an AID director (which, in Secretary Clinton’s defense, probably should be blamed on the White House not on her); the halting progress of the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review; the failure to secure key ambassadorship postings; and the missed opportunities of the Iran election crisis.
Where the positives and negatives will ultimately net out depends on whether the Obama foreign policy begins to bear some positive fruit. But in an Administration that seems afflicted with a bit too much melodrama of late, the absence of melodrama in Foggy Bottom is surely something to applaud.