- By Cameron AbadiCameron Abadi is a Berlin-based writer for Die Zeit and Spiegel International.
Five years ago, Mark Malloch-Brown, the former U.N. deputy secretary-general, played a central role in defending the United Nations against allegations of widespread corruption in the $64 billion Oil-for-Food program in Iraq. Today, Malloch-Brown is acting as a consultant for a Swiss oil company, Vitol, which was found guilty of paying kickbacks to Saddam Hussein through the U.N. program, according to a report in The Guardian Friday.
In November 2007, Vitol pleaded guilty to grand larceny for paying kickbacks to Iraq in exchange for the right to purchase Iraq crude at a discounted price through the U.N.-monitored program, which allowed Iraq to sell its crude to purchase humanitarian goods. Vitol was fined $17.5 million, including $13 million in restitution to Iraq.
Lord Malloch-Brown, a 57-year-old former Economist journalist who rose to become a minister of state for former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, was appointed chief of staff in former U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan‘s cabinet in January 2005. The position put Malloch-Brown in the lead of U.N. efforts to defend itself from allegations of corruption in the Oil-for-Food program, and for shoring up U.N. relations with the United States. In April 2006, Malloch-Brown was promoted to deputy secretary general.
At the time, Malloch-Brown downplayed the impact of corruption at the United Nations, assuring the Security Council that "not a penny was lost from the organization." But he also urged greater U.N. cooperation with investigators probing possible wrongdoing in the program, and moved to punish U.N. officials accused of wrongdoing.
In March 2005, Malloch-Brown overrode a U.N. agreement to pay for the legal fees of Benon Sevan, the Cypriot national who ran the Oil-for-Food program, in exchange for his cooperation with an investigation led by Paul Volcker, the former U.S. Federal Reserve chairman and current economic advisor to President Barack Obama. Malloch-Brown had initially defended the decision to cover Sevan’s legal costs, saying the hundreds of thousands of dollars in legal bills were beyond a U.N. civil servant’s capacity to pay.
Malloch-Brown has periodically moved in an out of the public and private sectors, serving as a communications consultant for foreign governments before joining the World Bank and later securing appointment as the executive director of the U.N. Development Program. In 2007, he initially accepted a job as a vice president in George Soros‘s investment company, but subsequently joined the British government as a minister with responsibility for Africa, Asia, and the United Nations. He stepped down in October 2009, citing personal and family reasons.
Malloch-Brown has since returned to the private sector, where he also serves as a consultant to Southwest Energy, an Ethiopian oil company. In the Guardian piece, Malloch-Brown defended his new line of work and dismissed claims that he had engaged in a conflict of interest. "My knowledge of Africa was not gained as a British minister. Rather I was recruited into government because I had worked extensively on African and international issues throughout my career. My activities today continue to reflect that," he told the paper, adding that he had neither been in contact with Vitol during his time at the U.N. nor had any dealings with the company when he was a minister in the British government.
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Daniel W. Drezner is professor of international politics at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University and a senior editor at The National Interest. Prior to Fletcher, he taught at the University of Chicago and the University of Colorado at Boulder. Drezner has received fellowships from the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the Council on Foreign Relations, and Harvard University. He has previously held positions with Civic Education Project, the RAND Corporation, and the Treasury Department.| Daniel W. Drezner |
How a mid-level British diplomat used me to keep President George W. Bush from going wobbly on Iraq sanctionsColum Lynch
Colum Lynch is Foreign Policy's award-winning U.N.-based senior diplomatic reporter. Lynch previously wrote Foreign Policy's Turtle Bay blog, for which he was awarded the 2011 National Magazine Award for best reporting in digital media. He is also a recipient of the 2013 Elizabeth Neuffer Memorial Silver Prize for his coverage of the United Nations.
Before moving to Foreign Policy, Lynch reported on diplomacy and national security for the Washington Post for more than a decade. As the Washington Post's United Nations reporter, Lynch had been involved in the paper's diplomatic coverage of crises in Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon, Sudan, and Somalia, as well as the nuclear standoffs with Iran and North Korea. He also played a key part in the Post's diplomatic reporting on the Iraq war, the International Criminal Court, the spread of weapons of mass destruction, and U.S. counterterrorism strategy. Lynch's enterprise reporting has explored the underside of international diplomacy. His investigations have uncovered a U.S. spying operation in Iraq, Dick Cheney's former company's financial links to Saddam Hussein, and documented numerous sexual misconduct and corruption scandals.
Lynch has appeared frequently on the Lehrer News Hour, MSNBC, NPR radio, and the BBC. He has also moderated public discussions on foreign policy, including interviews with Susan E. Rice, the U.S. National Security Advisor, Gerard Araud, France's U.N. ambassador, and other senior diplomatic leaders.
Born in Los Angeles, California, Lynch received a bachelor's degree from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1985 and a master's degree from Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism in 1987. He previously worked for the Boston Globe.| Turtle Bay |