- By Elizabeth DickinsonElizabeth Dickinson is author of the Kindle Single Who Shot Ahmed? A Mystery Unravels in Bahrain's Botched Arab Spring, from which this excerpt was adapted. She is a former FP assistant managing editor.
Want evidence that the government in Somalia — a country that tops the 2010 Failed States Index — needs desperate help? Allow me to show you the money. Literally.
According to the Annual Financial Report released by the office of the Prime Minister today, Somalia’s budget in the fiscal year 2009 was just over $11 million. (The budget of Minneapolis Minnesota, by contrast, is $1.4 billion.) The two largest sources of revenue collected were customs duties from the main Mogadishu port ($6.2 million) and exit fees from the airport ($351,920). Taxes couldn’t be collected due to security. The government recieved $2.875 million in bilateral aid — the largest total, $1.6 million coming from Libya (the United States gave just $25,000 — about the equivalent of a very entry-level staffer’s annual income.)
Bad. News. But where the situation really comes home is in the line items: While $9.8 million of the country’s $11 million was spent on salaries and wages, they are hardly anything to write home about. The president’s chief of staff earns $2,250 a year. The governor of the central bank earns $1,000. And $325,000 of the $501,000 that covers the Prime Minister and President’s offices goes to travel. Wages in the military and other defense roles account for $6 million (The Economist recently estimated that it costs $1 million to keep one U.S. soldier in Afghanistan for a year.)
Of course, there are other ways that the government is getting help — ways that won’t show up on a budget like this: African Union peacekeepers, for example, and U.S. training programs for their soldiers in Uganda. But still, this is pretty incredible stuff. Even Liberia had a budget of $80 million to work with after its civil war. And it wasn’t actively trying fight an insurgency.
Meanwhile, Islamist militant group al Shabab is, I’m gonna guess, far better resourced (alas, I can’t confirm this one since rebel groups don’t put out financial statements — props to Somalia’s PM.)
The result is literally deadly. Which raises a frustration that the Somali government undoubtedly has: the international community helped put together this experiment in government, but there’s less buck behind making it work. Not that this is easy; corruption is rumored rampant among government staff. Then again, you would have to pay me a lot more than $1,000 to be the central banker of Somalia… Not saying it justifies corruption, but it’s also no Madoff affair.
Ahem, for context — Somalia’s $11 million budget is ….
– 20 times smaller than the 2010 budget of Topeka, Kansas
– A mere 1/2 of Derek Jeter’s 2010 salary
– 890 times smaller than Starbucks’ 2009 annual revenue
– About equal to the budget of "High School Musical 3"
– About equal to the amount that the Scottsdale, Arizona school district had to cut from its budget this year.
– But good news — you could start between two and three franchises of the Hard Rock Cafe with that amount!