- By Christina Larson<p> Christina Larson is a Beijing-based contributing editor for Foreign Policy. Kevin Chou provided research assistance. </p>
We all know that China’s energy needs are expanding rapidly, as the country builds the equivalent of two Chicagos from scratch every year and many utilities companies are seeing their business expand 30 percent or more annuallly.
But it’s not only China that’s going to be building a lot more new power plants. Speaking Wednesday at the Woodrow Wilson Center, Jim Rogers, the CEO of Duke Energy, one of America’s largest power companies, made this prediction: Through a combination of (expected) tightening in carbon controls and normal wear-and-tear, he expects that 100 percent of the power plants operating in the U.S. today will be shut down by 2050.
In other words, America, too, will be building a whole new power infrastructure over the next 40 years.
That’s surprising enough, but Rogers went on to make the case for the U.S. and China cooperating — or at least, the private sectors in both countries cooperating — in power sector solutions. Consider: Both countries are reliant today on coal (the U.S. derives 50 percent of its energy from coal, whereas China derives 80 percent). Together the U.S and China consume 42 percent of total energy consumed in the world, and are responsible for about 40 percent of global carbon emissions. China is building new power infrastructure, and America will have to replace or retrofit the majority of its existing power infrastructure. Since we share some similar challenges, and operate at similar scales, couldn’t we learn something from each other in the process?
For instance, ENN, a large Chinese power company, is piloting a smart (eco) city in Langfang, 30 miles south of Beijing. The project will be built over the next year, and Rogers is watching closely to see what lessons his company might learn from the experiment. In other ways, Duke Energy and ENN are already collaborating directly, especially in research. While it’s true that intellectual property concerns will scare off many other potential collaborations, it’s also worth pointing out one thing American companies can gain from partnering with Chinese companies: know-how about scaling-up and bringing down costs for deploying new technology. Such lessons, born of trial and error overseas, may be worth bringing home to Wichita.
Another thing that unites the U.S. and China: No one knows what’s next.
This moment is "one of the most uncertain times in the history of our industry, and I’ve been a CEO for 22 years," Rogers said. He was referring in large part to the looming question of whether the U.S. Congress will regulate carbon in the future (see Ryan Lizza’s piece, "As the World Burns" in this week’s New Yorker for an enlightening, if depressing, inside look). Happily, in my opinion, he’s now assuming the question is not if, but when. Surely, at some point in the next, oh, 50 years — the anticipated lifespan of a power plant — Congress will tighten the carbon belt. Or at least that’s the calculation he’s making.