- By Josh Rogin
Josh Rogin covers national security and foreign policy and writes the daily Web column The Cable. His column appears bi-weekly in the print edition of The Washington Post. He can be reached for comments or tips at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Previously, Josh covered defense and foreign policy as a staff writer for Congressional Quarterly, writing extensively on Iraq, Afghanistan, Guantánamo Bay, U.S.-Asia relations, defense budgeting and appropriations, and the defense lobbying and contracting industries. Prior to that, he covered military modernization, cyber warfare, space, and missile defense for Federal Computer Week Magazine. He has also served as Pentagon Staff Reporter for the Asahi Shimbun, Japan's leading daily newspaper, in its Washington, D.C., bureau, where he reported on U.S.-Japan relations, Chinese military modernization, the North Korean nuclear crisis, and more.
A graduate of George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs, Josh lived in Yokohama, Japan, and studied at Tokyo's Sophia University. He speaks conversational Japanese and has reported from the region. He has also worked at the House International Relations Committee, the Embassy of Japan, and the Brookings Institution.
Josh's reporting has been featured on CNN, MSNBC, C-Span, CBS, ABC, NPR, WTOP, and several other outlets. He was a 2008-2009 National Press Foundation's Paul Miller Washington Reporting Fellow, 2009 military reporting fellow with the Knight Center for Specialized Journalism and the 2011 recipient of the InterAction Award for Excellence in International Reporting. He hails from Philadelphia and lives in Washington, D.C.
House Foreign Affairs Committee chairwoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) will get her first chance to fulfill her promise to cut U.S. funding from the United Nations tomorrow, when the House votes on a bill to take back $180 million already given to the U.N.
The money, part of what’s called the U.N. Tax Equalization Fund, is supposed to go to U.S. citizens who work at the United Nations, to compensate for the taxes they pay on their U.N. salaries. U.S. citizens don’t pay these taxes because their foreign coworkers there don’t pay taxes back in their countries. Over the years, the United States has overpaid the fund by $180 million, and House Republicans want that money back. The problem is that the United Nations Capital Master Plan has already designated $100 million of that money for security improvements at the U.N. headquarters in New York City. The Obama administration has thrown its support behind using the funds for that purpose.
"This is absolutely critical. The New York Police Department requested that security improvements be made to the U.N. complex because of concerns about terrorism," Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs Esther Brimmer told The Cable in an interview on Tuesday. Since part of the U.N. building actually hangs over FDR Drive, the NYPD is concerned about the possibility of car bombs.
"We have thousands of employees who work there. We have tourists and schoolchildren who visit these buildings. We need to make sure they are as safe as possible," she said.
Brimmer noted that the entire U.N. headquarters building is being rebuilt now, making this the ideal time to upgrade security there. The funds have already been allocated and the project is underway, so if the Ros-Lehtinen bill passes and the funds are rescinded, it would be difficult and more expensive to go back and put in the security improvements later, she said.
The remaining $80 million would go to future U.S. dues to the United Nations, reducing the amount of future appropriations, Brimmer said. "We all share the desire to be absolutely scrupulous with every dollar of taxpayer money," she said. However, she also argued that the United States has treaty obligations to pay its dues, as agreed. "We’re an international leader and we have to act like it."
The bill was selected for a vote because it was featured on House Majority Leader Eric Cantor’s "YouCut" website, which allows people to vote online each week for what legislation that introduces spending cuts they want to see on the House floor and received the highest bote. Cantor’s site says that the administration has not decided how to , but Brimmer said congressional staffers were briefed on the security improvements last December.
"It appears that the U.N. is still holding the U.S. funds because the Administration has not instructed the U.N. on how it wishes to dispose of them. By instructing the U.N. to return those funds to the U.S. we can generate savings for American taxpayers," the website stated.
Homeland Security Committee chairman Peter King (R-NY) said in an interview with The Cable that’s not true. King is opposed to the bill, will vote against it, and will do everything in his power to ensure that the bill does not get the two-thirds of votes it needs to pass under suspension of the rules.
"This would undermine security in New York City, it’s wrong and it’s indefensible," King said, adding that the push for increasing security at the U.N. has gone on for years and should not be scuttled now that it is actually happening.
King met with GOP leadership Tuesday afternoon to let them know his view. They told him that the funds should be appropriated through regular means. There could be a way to include the $100 million in the continuing resolution coming up next week, but Congress shouldn’t take any chances, King said.
"We’re talking about human life here. If someone is killed in an attack on the U.N., I don’t think we will be able to go back and say, well, the money was in the wrong account," said King.
Supporters of the United Nations see the singling out of U.N. funds for cuts as placing a relatively small amount of savings above national security concerns.
"Both the State Department and the New York City Police have recognized the need to implement security upgrades to protect the U.N. and its workers from a terrorist attack and the funding must remain so that these improvements can move forward," Peter Yeo, vice president for public policy and public affairs for the UN Foundation, told The Cable. "The security of Americans and foreign officials working at the U.N. should not be compromised for the sake of political fodder."
Ros-Lehtinen will lead the floor debate on the bill. She will be opposed by committee ranking Democrat and former chairman Howard Berman (D-CA) and ranking Democrat on the House Appropriations State and Foreign Ops subcommittee Nita Lowey (R-NY).
"I strongly oppose this legislation, which will jeopardize critical security upgrades at United Nations headquarters in New York, put us back into arrears at the UN, and result in absolutely no savings to the American taxpayer," Berman told The Cable.
"Rescinding this funding would mean either killing necessary security enhancements or sticking New Yorkers with the full tab for protecting the world’s diplomats," Lowey said in an interview. "Neither is acceptable."