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- By Andrew LebovichAndrew Lebovich is a Sahel consultant and researcher with the Open Society Initiative for West Africa, based in Dakar, Senegal.
Two alleged terror plotters arrested in New York
New York police late Wednesday arrested two men on terrorism charges, after police say they attempted to buy three guns and an inert hand grenade from an undercover police officer as part of an alleged plot to attack a Manhattan synagogue (NYT, LAT, Bloomberg, AFP, WSJ, Guardian). The men, an Algerian permanent resident of the United States named Ahmed Ferhani and a naturalized U.S. citizen from Morocco, Mohamed Mamdouh, first came to the attention of authorities seven months ago, when Ferhani was reportedly overheard expressing his hatred for Jews and discussing attacking an unnamed synagogue. An undercover agent recorded the men allegedly discussing attacks, weighing the possibility of dressing like Orthodox Jews to get into a synagogue, and talking about selling guns and drugs to finance the plot (AP).
The case is unusual in that it was handled entirely by the New York Police Department’s "Intelligence Division" and not by the New York Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF), which comprises local and federal officers and usually takes the lead in terrorism cases (WNYC, NYT, New York Daily News). The men were charged under a state terrorism law not used for the purpose since it was created in the wake of 9/11, though NYPD commissioner Raymond Kelly said that the JTTF was informed about the investigation, and had declined to participate.
The trial began in New York on May 10 for Karim Ibrahim, a Trinidadian man accused of being involved in a plot to blow up fuel arteries at JFK International Airport (Bloomberg).
U.S. finds bin Laden "diary"
Among the trove of documents and other information pulled from Osama bin Laden’s Abbottabad compound by Navy SEALs, analysts have found a carefully-noted, hand-written "diary" kept by the al-Qaeda leader showing that he remained in operational control of the network, counseling the group’s leaders, suggesting that it move beyond cities like New York, and still hoping for the 9/11-scale attack that would drive America from the Middle East (BBC, Guardian, Washington Post, National Journal). The seized documents do not contain information on specific "imminent" plots, but does show that bin Laden was in direct communication with al-Qaeda leaders in Pakistan and in Yemen (ProPublica). The AP details how bin Laden was able to use flash drives to communicate by email even though his compound did not have an Internet connection (AP). For more information about bin Laden’s flight and capture, see Katherine Tiedemann’s AfPak Channel Daily Brief here.
Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and the Somali militant group al-Shabaab have both threatened attacks against the United States for bin Laden’s death, and the head of Somalia’s weak transitional government said yesterday he would welcome a U.S. strike against al-Shabaab (AP, CNN, National Post, WSJ, National Journal).In Pakistan, the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) have claimed responsibility for a dual suicide bombing against a paramilitary base in Charsadda that killed at least 80, in what the group said was retaliation for bin Laden’s death (BBC, Reuters, Washington Post, Guardian, CNN, WSJ). Scott Shane notes the hints of a leadership vacuum in the responses to bin Laden’s death from jihadist organizations (NYT).
Bin Laden’s fourth son Omar wrote a letter this week, purportedly on behalf of other bin Laden sons, condemning the killing and burial of their father and calling for an international investigation into the incident (NYT, Reuters, Guardian). U.S. intelligence agents have reportedly interviewed the three bin Laden widows in Pakistani custody, conducting the questioning with agents from Pakistan’s Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) present (CNN). And Marc Ambinder has a must-read profile of the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), which was responsible for the raid against bin Laden and is the "designated executive agent for counterterrorism worldwide" (National Journal).
Finally, in an Op-Ed in the Washington Post yesterday, Sen. John McCain wrote that the abusive interrogation of key terrorist leaders like Khalid Sheikh Mohammed did not produce the information that led to bin Laden’s capture (Washington Post, Politico). He added:
I know from personal experience that the abuse of prisoners sometimes produces good intelligence but often produces bad intelligence because under torture a person will say anything he thinks his captors want to hear – true or false – if he believes it will relieve his suffering. Often, information provided to stop the torture is deliberately misleading.
McKeon puts forward new terrorism legislation
Rep. Buck McKeon (R-CA) the chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, introduced language into the defense authorization bill this week that would re-authorize the post-9/11 military engagements against al-Qaeda and affiliated groups, in addition to tightening restrictions on repatriating Guantánamo Bay detainees and keeping terrorism detainees from facing trial in civilian courts (WSJ, Lawfare Blog).
Some civil liberties organizations object to the new language on the grounds that by authorizing combat against "al-Qaeda, the Taliban, and associated forces" the bill may allow for expanded presidential authority to engage in combat against terrorist groups (Washington Times, The American Prospect).A group of Senators led by Kelly Ayotte (R-NH), Lindsey Graham (R-SC) and Joe Lieberman (I-CT) proposed legislation on May 11 that would keep Guantánamo open and turn it into the main U.S. prison for detaining and interrogating so-called "high-value suspects" (VOA, Human Rights First). The proposal came as Republicans in the U.S. House have had trouble rallying members of their party to vote for a long-term extension of the PATRIOT Act, passed in the wake of 9/11 (Politico).
Defense Department officials are reportedly in discussions with the International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC) to allow the families of Guantánamo detainees to visit their relatives at the prison (Washington Post, Miami Herald, BBC). TIME this week translates the Italian newspaper La Stampa’s interview with former Guantánamo detainee Adel Ben Mabrouk about what bin Laden’s death means to him (TIME).
Citing continuing terrorist threats and leadership shakeups in other key national security agencies, President Barack Obama asked Congress on May 12 to extend FBI Director Robert Mueller’s tenure, scheduled to end this year, for another two years (NYT, AP, Washington Post, Telegraph).And the AP reports that the FBI’s use of "national security letters" — requests for sensitive evidence that require no judicial oversight — has jumped in the last year, with nearly 14,000 people the target of such letters (AP).
Trials and Tribulations
- The U.S. State Department and Treasury named Badruddin Haqqani, an important military commander in the Haqqani Network insurgent group, a "specially designated global terrorist" May 11, freezing his assets in the U.S. and forbidding Americans from doing business with him (State, Bloomberg, AFP). And Saba Imtiaz writes about al-Qaeda "facilitators" allowed to operate openly in Pakistan (Express Tribune).
- A Saudi Arabian government spokesman said May 11 that three members of al-Qaeda had returned from other countries and turned themselves in to Saudi authorities (AP).
- German police on May 11 conducted raids on the houses of two men who allegedly raised money for terrorist operations and recruited others to train in militant camps in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region (AP).
- A local Spokane news station reports this week that the tip that led federal agents to Joey Brice, arrested this week on charges that he attempted to construct explosives, came from someone who saw YouTube videos Brice posted under the name "StrengthofAllah" that demonstrated the use of several explosive devices (KXLY.com).
- A federal judge has ordered the FBI to provide more information about its record-keeping in a case brought by a man who believes more people were involved in the Oklahoma City bombing than the government has divulged, and is requesting video and documents he contends prove his case (AP).
- French authorities have dropped years-old terrorism charges against the Iranian anti-government group Mujahideen-e-Khalq and the umbrella organization, the National Council of Resistance of Iran (WSJ).