- By Daniel W. Drezner
Daniel W. Drezner is professor of international politics at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University and a senior editor at The National Interest. Prior to Fletcher, he taught at the University of Chicago and the University of Colorado at Boulder. Drezner has received fellowships from the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the Council on Foreign Relations, and Harvard University. He has previously held positions with Civic Education Project, the RAND Corporation, and the Treasury Department.
The Official Blog Son and I were lucky enough to catch Team USA’s thrilling come-from-behind victory over Brazil in the FIFA Women’s World Cup. It was a great and controversial game, sure to be replayed on ESPN Classic for years to come. It also got me to thinking about how prominent thinkers and writers about world politics would use the game as a hook for their foreign affairs columns and op-eds this week. Here are their opening paragraphs:
I was quaffing hearty German pilsners with FIFA President Sepp Blatter in a luxury box in Dresden’s Glücksgas Stadium (try the bratwurst!!) when he said something that hit me like a thunderbolt: "I can’t understand why there’s so much demand for video replay in soccer. You know, there is no instant replay in the real world." And really, that’s what the global economy is like — a fast-speed, arcing bullet of a free kick with no time to press the pause button. You have to use every part of your being — your legs, your head, though admittedly not your arms — just to keep pace.
Watching the thrilling run of the Americans leading up to Abby Wambach’s header, I was struck by the complex, free-flowing sequence of passes that got the ball from the American end to Megan Rapinoe’s left foot. It was such a seamless, interlaced network of exchanges — dare I call it a web of them? — that moved the ball forward. As the passes moved from one player to another, I bet social networking technologies moved even faster, alerting Americans that a Big Moment was about to happen. In winning, the United States showed the power of webbed networks — or is it networked webs? — yet again.
All of the Western media will focus on the "theatrics" of the USA-Brazil game, but it doesn’t matter. This was an intramural match between Western Hemisphere teams, which means it was irrelevant. Japan’s stunning upset of host Germany in the quarterfinals is the real story of this World Cup, yet another signal of how the one remaining Asian team will leave the three "Western" teams still alive in the dust.
This was an example of American exceptionalism and American will to power at its finest. Battling a set of rules and referees that were clearly anti-American in their effect, the noble U.S. side displayed dogged determination and grit, vanquishing their Brazilian counterparts. The only black mark on the U.S. side was the timidity of the U.S. coach Pia Sundhage in obeying FIFA’s absurd and corrupt rules. Sundhage, from that socialist bastion of meek multilateralism that is Sweden, adhered to the letter of FIFA law in pulling Rachel Buehler after she was "red-carded." A true American coach would have instead followed the spirit of the law and sent an 11th player onto the pitch in place of the unjustly accused Buehler.
Americans will thump their chests, display their brassy jingoism, and bray to the heavens about how the refereeing in this game was "unfair" or "ridiculous." They’ll claim that the referee’s red card of Buehler and mandated do-over of the penalty kick during regular time was "anti-American." They’ll overlook the fact that the Australian ref could have midfielder Carli Lloyd off the field for a flagrant, deliberate handball but didn’t. They’ll overlook the granting of a re-kick for U.S. player Shannon Boxx during the penalty kick phase. They’ll overlook the aesthetic beauty of Brazilian star Marta’s soccer artistry. They’ll overlook the arrogance of U.S. goalkeeper Hope Solo — a perfect American name if there ever was one — as she had the audacity to question the ref (if the officials weren’t so obviously in Corporate America’s back pocket, Solo would have been red-carded). They’ll overlook the fact that the extra half-hour of play insidiously stacked the deck for the Americans, rewarding their better conditioning against the poorer and put-upon Brazilians. They’ll overlook the 158 other things that I will now lay out in excruciating detail. Only when WikiLeaks focuses its might on FIFA will the soccer world be more just.
The sweltering heat in Dresden clearly began to affect the crowd. They booed the Brazilian star Marta with all of her touches. You could sense a growing danger as the boos grew louder. The German fans, upset at seeing their own team get knocked out, had clearly decided to side with their tribal allies. It is likely that only Wambach’s header prevented what would have been an unruly German/American riot, breaking down the tenuous social fabric. The riot would have started in the heart of Europe, but I have every confidence that, before long, the unrest would have spread to Halford MacKinder’s heartland in the middle of Eurasia.
This match crystallized both the promise and the peril of the rising BRIC powers as they assume more responsibilities in global governance. The game put FIFA’s many problems — bad decision-making, a lack of transparency about the bad decision-making — on full display. Even after the match, FIFA never explained why Brazil was awarded a re-kick following Solo’s block of Christina’s penalty kick. Instead of constructively seeking reform, however, the Brazilian side tried to free-ride off of FIFA’s flaws. Marta constantly whined to the refs about the lack of Brazilian free kicks. Defender Erkia flopped onto the pitch in a transparent effort to stall play. Unless and until the BRIC countries learn to play cooperatively with the fading West, global governance will look as effective as FIFA’s efforts to block corruption. Which is to say, not effective at all.
Readers are warmly encouraged to offer their own suggestions in the comments.