Russian Foreign Minister arrives in Damascus as attacks continue in Homs
Syrian forces have continued the bombardment of Homs, where around 95 people were reportedly killed on Monday. The surge has been concentrated in the Baba Amro district where one activist noted: “There is no electricity and all communication with the neighborhood has been cut.” For its part, Syrian state television reported security forces are fighting “terrorists,” “tens” of whom were killed in addition to six soldiers. Meanwhile, Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov arrived in Damascus to meet with President Bashar al-Assad to pressure the government to implement democratic reforms. The visit has come after the country joined China in vetoing a U.N. Security Council resolution aimed at halting Syrian violence that was approved by the council’s 13 other members. The United States with western allies including France, Britain, and Germany are looking to alternatives outside of the United Nations, however maintaining they will avoid military intervention. Turkey, which has been highly critical of the Syrian regime, says it will develop a new initiative, and is planning to meet with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the United States on Wednesday. The United States closed its embassy in Syria on Monday and recalled all staff due to increased security concerns.
- U.S. President Barack Obama signed an order to implement new sanctions passed in December on Iran, targeting its central bank and financial institutions — and aiming to quell nuclear ambitions.
- Israel condemned the Hamas and Fatah reconciliation while the U.S. said it is waiting for more details. U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki Moon said the unity deal must not stop peace talks.
- Egypt’s presidential candidates can start registering in March, one month earlier than expected.
- Iran’s parliament summoned President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for questioning over accusations including mismanagement of the economy in the first such summons since 1979.
- Ministers from Iraq’s Sunni-backed Iraqqiya bloc have returned to the cabinet, ending a boycott begun after Prime Minister Maliki issued charges against Vice President Hashemi.
A Syrian pro-government supporter holds up a sign as a convoy carrying Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov heads towards the presidential palace in Damascus on February 7, 2012. Moscow’s top diplomat was holding talks with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad after being cheered on his arrival in Damascus by thousands of regime supporters who took to the streets to ‘thank’ Russia, according to state media, for vetoing along with China a UN Security Council resolution condemning the Assad regime’s crackdown on protesters (AFP PHOTO).
Arguments & Analysis
‘In Syria, we need to bargain with the devil’ (Nicholas Noe, International Herald Tribune)
“For its part, the badly shaken government in Damascus might find this a propitious moment to accept a deal as a way back from the abyss, even if this would most likely mean Mr. Assad’s eventual exit in the future. And if Mr. Assad rejects it, such a patently unreasonable move might actually offer the best hope yet of splitting his government and controlling the resulting collapse. Admittedly, the prospects of successfully orchestrating such a deal now are far less promising than they were early last year. But the realization that die-hard elements in Damascus, Beirut and Tehran could unleash great regional destruction should prompt a long overdue discussion about putting forward a credible and comprehensive bargain. Negotiations now, rather than war later, could lead to a far better outcome for all parties — even if that means Syrians’ aspirations for freedom might be met much later than anyone would like.”
‘Kuwait’s troubling election’s’ (Hussein Ibish, Lebanon NOW)
“The Kuwaiti elections were fascinating, and in a grim way even entertaining. However, they offer little hope for the most vulnerable in the country-the bidoun and also the large numbers of migrant, and especially migrant domestic, workers. Government promises to address the plight of these communities have proven hollow in the past. Nothing in the election results gives any real hope that these urgent moral issues will be seriously addressed in the near future. Kuwaiti society appears more divided than ever, and suspicion, hatred and demagoguery are the order of the day.”
‘It’s time to support the opposition in the Syrian civil war’ (Malcolm Rifkind & Shashank Joshi, Financial Times)
“The diplomatic route is now all but exhausted. Having staked so much on a lost cause, Russia will strive to avoid humiliation. On the other side, Saudi Arabia and Qatar are likely to deepen their co-operation with Turkey to bolster the Free Syrian Army and its notional political leadership. Those who oppose this, invoking the troubling experience of international assistance to the anti-Soviet mujahedeen, must ask themselves whether the status quo is any less likely to result in Syria’s dangerous disintegration…On each side of Syria there stand two cautionary tales. Lebanon and Iraq, to the west and east respectively, endured civil wars that lasted for years and resulted in hundreds of thousands of civilian deaths. Thanks in part to the morally bankrupt policies of Russia and China, there is no guarantee that Syria can avoid this fate. Yet cautiously tightening the screws on Damascus represents our best chance of a tolerable outcome.”
Colum Lynch is Foreign Policy's award-winning U.N.-based senior diplomatic reporter. Lynch previously wrote Foreign Policy's Turtle Bay blog, for which he was awarded the 2011 National Magazine Award for best reporting in digital media. He is also a recipient of the 2013 Elizabeth Neuffer Memorial Silver Prize for his coverage of the United Nations.
Before moving to Foreign Policy, Lynch reported on diplomacy and national security for the Washington Post for more than a decade. As the Washington Post's United Nations reporter, Lynch had been involved in the paper's diplomatic coverage of crises in Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon, Sudan, and Somalia, as well as the nuclear standoffs with Iran and North Korea. He also played a key part in the Post's diplomatic reporting on the Iraq war, the International Criminal Court, the spread of weapons of mass destruction, and U.S. counterterrorism strategy. Lynch's enterprise reporting has explored the underside of international diplomacy. His investigations have uncovered a U.S. spying operation in Iraq, Dick Cheney's former company's financial links to Saddam Hussein, and documented numerous sexual misconduct and corruption scandals.
Lynch has appeared frequently on the Lehrer News Hour, MSNBC, NPR radio, and the BBC. He has also moderated public discussions on foreign policy, including interviews with Susan E. Rice, the U.S. National Security Advisor, Gerard Araud, France's U.N. ambassador, and other senior diplomatic leaders.
Born in Los Angeles, California, Lynch received a bachelor's degree from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1985 and a master's degree from Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism in 1987. He previously worked for the Boston Globe.| Turtle Bay |