- By Hillary HurdHillary Hurd is an editorial researcher at Foreign Policy.
There’s some rare promising news out of El Salvador, which with 7 killings per 10,000 inhabitants per year, has one of the world’s highest death rates due to armed violence. Ever since Msgr. Fabio Colindres, a Catholic bishop in the capital city of San Salvador, negotiated peace between the city’s most violent gangs — the Mara Salvatrucha gang (MS-13) and Barrio 18 — last March, crime has been more than cut in half, dropping from 15 deaths per day in March to only 6 deaths per day in June. According to government reports, an estimated 800 lives have been saved as a result of the peace and communities feel significantly safer.
Insisting that the drop in violence was "el proceso de paz" (the process of peace) and not simply a "tregua" (truce), Colindres met with Organization of American States Secretary General Jose Miguel Insulza at La Esperanza Prison yesterday. Meeting with gang leaders who had been transferred there from maximum security prisons just before the peace agreement, Insulza commended the inmates:
Thanks to your courage in opening yourselves to understanding and to conversations, and for understanding that the good that comes of this will be a lesson that could be applied in other countries that suffer from criminal violence."
Gang members in the neighborhoods don’t really want to be doing the things that they’re doing, but there really – there is no resources, no outlet for these kids to address the issues that they’re involved in. So, once there is a space – once something is created for them to kind of think about the things that they’re doing and there is some activity around the issue as an alternative, they break down."
Over 150 days since the brokered ceasefire, Colindres reminded the community that (my translation), "one can only achieve peace believing that it is possible… It’s a process that involves-and should involve-the entire nation."