- By Josh Rogin
Josh Rogin covers national security and foreign policy and writes the daily Web column The Cable. His column appears bi-weekly in the print edition of The Washington Post. He can be reached for comments or tips at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Previously, Josh covered defense and foreign policy as a staff writer for Congressional Quarterly, writing extensively on Iraq, Afghanistan, Guantánamo Bay, U.S.-Asia relations, defense budgeting and appropriations, and the defense lobbying and contracting industries. Prior to that, he covered military modernization, cyber warfare, space, and missile defense for Federal Computer Week Magazine. He has also served as Pentagon Staff Reporter for the Asahi Shimbun, Japan's leading daily newspaper, in its Washington, D.C., bureau, where he reported on U.S.-Japan relations, Chinese military modernization, the North Korean nuclear crisis, and more.
A graduate of George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs, Josh lived in Yokohama, Japan, and studied at Tokyo's Sophia University. He speaks conversational Japanese and has reported from the region. He has also worked at the House International Relations Committee, the Embassy of Japan, and the Brookings Institution.
Josh's reporting has been featured on CNN, MSNBC, C-Span, CBS, ABC, NPR, WTOP, and several other outlets. He was a 2008-2009 National Press Foundation's Paul Miller Washington Reporting Fellow, 2009 military reporting fellow with the Knight Center for Specialized Journalism and the 2011 recipient of the InterAction Award for Excellence in International Reporting. He hails from Philadelphia and lives in Washington, D.C.
The two most discussed candidates to be America’s next top diplomat now find themselves on opposite sides of the Libya issue, with U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice in the role of defending the administration’s narrative and Sen. John Kerry (D-MA) promising tough congressional oversight while giving the State Department room to conduct its own investigation.
As the controversy over the administration’s handling of the issue grows, Rice’s comments on the Sept. 11 assault on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi are coming under increasing attack. Her insistence on a number of Sunday talk shows Sept. 16 that, according to the best information available at the time, the attack was an unplanned assault and the result of an anti-Islam video is facing harsh criticism from senators. Administration officials, including most recently Defense Secretary Leon Panetta, have since called it a "terrorist attack," and even Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has indicated that al Qaeda affiliated groups were involved.
"First of all, there’s an FBI investigation which is ongoing and we look to that investigation to give us the definitive word as to what transpired. But putting together the best information that we have available to us today, our current assessment is what happened in Benghazi was in fact initially a spontaneous reaction to what had just transpired hours before in Cairo, almost a copycat of the demonstrations against our facility in Cairo, prompted by the video," Rice said Sept. 16 on NBC’s Meet the Press.
Sens. John McCain (R-AZ), Lindsey Graham (R-SC), Kelly Ayotte (R-NH), and Ron Johnson (R-WI) accused Rice of jumping the gun and disseminating false information about the attack in a letter Wednesday by quoting Rice’s comments selectively, leaving out the context where she caveated the information as being based on initial assessments.
"In the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attack in Benghazi that resulted in the death of four Americans, including Ambassador Chris Stevens, you made several troubling statements that are inconsistent with the facts and require explanation," they wrote, referring to Rice’s Meet the Press remarks as well as several other TV appearances.
They pointed out the mounting evidence that the attack was in fact pre-planned and highlighted discrepancies between Rice’s statements and statements from officials including Libyan national assembly president Mohamed Yousef al-Magariaf, who has said the attack was "preplanned" and that the attackers began plotting it "a few months ago."
"We look forward to a timely response that explains how the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations could characterize an attack on a U.S. consulate so inaccurately five days after a terrorist attack that killed four Americans," the senators wrote.
Kerry, the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (SFRC), has taken a far more cautious position on the Benghazi attack, joining with his Senate colleagues in calling for transparency and accountability from the administration but not going so far as to criticize the Obama administration’s handling of the issue outright.
Last week, Kerry objected to a bill in his committee that would have demanded the State Department report to Congress on the Benghazi attack within 30 days, put forth by Sens. Bob Corker (R-TN) and Jim DeMint (R-SC). He is deferring to the State Department’s plan to set up its own Accountability Review Board, which will be led by former Deputy Secretary of State Thomas Pickering. Kerry promised his committee members that if the ARB doesn’t produce good answers, he would be open to more congressional action.
"Given all of the information that should be forthcoming already, I did not think it would be productive to take up the reporting bill at this time. But I do want to thank Senators DeMint and Corker for the initiative and let them know that I share their instincts that this warrants our close attention," Kerry said at the SFRC business meeting last week.
Privately, however, Kerry has been pressing the administration for answers. He sent a letter to Deputy Secretary of State Tom Nides about Diplomatic Security on Sept. 17, The letter, which was previously undisclosed but obtained by The Cable, asks Nides to answer a host of questions on the security conditions at the Benghazi consulate and the cooperation of the governments in Egypt, Libya, and Yemen during and after the attacks.
Republicans in the Senate are not about to let up on the administration over what they perceive as serious missteps in the handling of the Libya crisis. Senate Homeland Security Committee heads Joe Lieberman (I-CT), who often joins hand with Republicans on foreign-policy issues, and Susan Collins (R-ME) have already called on Clinton to investigate the security failures at the Benghazi consulate and SFRC members Corker and Johnny Isakson (R-GA) are demanding that Clinton show Congress all the recent correspondence from the U.S. Embassy in Libya, including the cables written by Stevens.
Corker, who said last week that Clinton’s briefing on the Benghazi attack was "the most useless, worthless briefing that I have attended in a long time," is set to be the ranking Republican on the SFRC, or possibly even the chairman, when the Senate returns next year. The confirmation of a new secretary of state will be high on the committee’s agenda.
Already, GOP offices on Capitol Hill say they are preparing to focus on the Benghazi issue if Rice were nominated to succeed Clinton.
"Benghazi is now to Rice what Syria is to John Kerry," one senior GOP Senate aide told The Cable, alluding to Kerry’s controversial past statements about Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad."Senators feel misled and given the emotions surrounding this issue. I can’t imagine a Rice nomination sailing through without a floor fight. And if it’s the beginning of a second Obama term, he will not want a battle over his nominee, which could weaken him right out of the gate."