- By Uri Friedman
Uri Friedman is deputy managing editor at Foreign Policy. Before joining FP, he reported for the Christian Science Monitor, worked on corporate strategy for Atlantic Media, helped launch the Atlantic Wire, and covered international affairs for the site. A proud native of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he studied European history at the University of Pennsylvania and has lived in Barcelona, Spain and Geneva, Switzerland.
This weekend brings a major political transition in Mexico, as Enrique Peña Nieto succeeds Felipe Calderón and returns the once-dominant Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) to the presidency for the first time in more than a decade.
As for Calderón, he already has his next gig lined up: a one-year fellowship at the Harvard Kennedy School. The post is interesting in and of itself, but what’s more interesting is the fact that Calderón will be joining several of his predecessors in hightailing it out of Mexico after inauguration day. Calderón, the New York Times notes today, may be headed to the United States because his aggressive prosecution of the drug war has made life unsafe for him in Mexico. But he might also be honoring what, over the past several decades, has become something of an unwritten law: getting out of politics — and, preferably, the country — upon leaving Mexico’s highest office:
Mr. Calderón, who has a wife who has dabbled in politics and three young children, was long expected to leave Mexico, either because of safety considerations or to follow a custom of departing Mexican presidents, who generally do not stay.
"It’s a tradition," said Shannon K. O’Neil, senior fellow for Latin America studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, "to give your successor a little bit of space."
Shortly after leaving the presidency in 1994 under a cloud, Carlos Salinas de Gortari went into self-imposed exile, traveling to New York, Montreal and Havana and finally settling in Dublin. He sought to be named the head of the World Trade Organization, but withdrew after his brother was arrested on charges of ordering the assassination of a Mexican politician.
His successor, Ernesto Zedillo, joined Yale University, his alma mater, as director of the Center for the Study of Globalization.
The exception to the rule? Calderón’s predecessor Vicente Fox, who has been uncharacteristically outspoken for a former Mexican leader. Fox remained in Mexico after stepping down in 2006 but vowed to stay silent for a year — a promise he broke within months. "There is no reason to hold to the anti-democratic rules of those who still live in the authoritarian past," Fox huffed after facing criticism for wading back into public life. "Now that Mexico is a democracy, every citizen has the right to express himself, even a former president." (More recently, Fox riled his political allies by appearing to express support for the PRI — the very party he ousted from power in 2000.)
In the United States, of course, former presidents approach their retirements in different ways. George W. Bush has avoided politics, while Bill Clinton has remained very much in the game. But it’s interesting to think about what things would look like if Mexico’s political tradition applied here as well. You always hear chatter about moving to Canada after our presidential campaigns — imagine if it was coming from the former occupant of the White House.