- By David KennerDavid Kenner is the Middle East editor at Foreign Policy. He is based in Beirut, Lebanon, and has been with FP since 2009 (a long time, he knows). He worked for FP previously in Cairo, where he covered the early days of the Arab Spring, and before that in Washington. He has attended Georgetown University and the American University of Beirut and has reported from Libya, Egypt, Gaza, Turkey, Lebanon, and Iraq.
CAIRO — In what may be Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy’s final day in office, Muslim Brotherhood officials continued to strike a defiant note against their civilian and military opponents.
The Egyptian military’s deadline for all political forces to reconcile — a possibility that seems more remote than ever — will expire around 5 p.m. in Cairo. After that time, the country’s top generals have promised to lay out a political roadmap that reportedly includes plans to suspend the constitution, dissolve the Islamist-dominated Shura Council, and set up an interim council to rule the country. But Egypt’s Islamist elite have vowed to defy the ultimatum, even at the risk of bloodshed.
Essam el-Erian, a Brotherhood leader and vice chairman of the movement’s political party, said that wise men should convince the army to back down lest it "meet the same fate as the Syrian Baathist army," according to the Egyptian daily al-Ahram.
Morsy himself has also showed no signs of backing down. In a speech last night, he harped on the concept of his legitimacy — repeating the word a total of 57 times — which he said was conferred by his democratic election and made it unthinkable for him to step down from power. "If the price of preserving legitimacy is my blood, I am prepared to pay it," he said.
Other Brotherhood leaders have also made comments seemingly preparing their supporters for violence. Brotherhood leader Mohamed el-Beltagy told a pro-Morsy crowd gathered in Cairo’s Raba’a el-Adaweyya Square on Monday, "We swear to God, we won’t allow any coup against legitimacy, except over our dead bodies."
But even as the Muslim Brotherhood is digging in, the pillars of its support appear to be crumbling all around it. Many state institutions are in open rebellion: The front page of the state newspaper al-Ahram trumpeted that the day would bring Morsy’s "dismissal or resignation." Even the Twitter account of the Egyptian Cabinet has fallen out of the president’s hands: In a message posted this morning, the account denounced Morsy’s speech, saying that it "will lead to civil war."
More importantly, even some of the Brotherhood’s Islamist allies are stepping away from what they appear to see as a sinking ship. On Monday, the Salafist Nour Party released a statement urging Morsy to call early presidential elections and establish a technocratic government. The Salafi Dawa, another hardline movement, delivered a similar message.
The Brotherhood’s defiance has seemingly provoked an increasingly harsh response from the security forces. Brotherhood leader Khairat al-Shater’s house was fired upon by police officers, and his bodyguards were arrested. There have also been reports that the military slapped a travel ban on top Brotherhood officials.
The stage, then, seems set for a confrontation in just a few short hours. As a post on a popular Facebook page close to the armed forces put it, the military is prepared to defend the country from "terrorists, radicals, and fools."