- By Yochi Dreazen
Yochi Dreazen is a Managing Editor for News at Foreign Policy. He is also writer-in-residence at the Center for a New American Security. His book about military suicide was published by Random House's Crown division in 2014.
Prior to joining Foreign Policy, Dreazen was a contributing editor at the Atlantic and the senior national security correspondent for National Journal. He began his career at the Wall Street Journal and spent 11 years at the newspaper, most recently as its military correspondent. He was born in Chicago, and later attended the University of Pennsylvania. At Penn, he edited the award-winning daily campus newspaper and graduated Magna Cum Laude in 1999 with degrees in History and English. He was hired by the Wall Street Journal immediately after graduation. Dreazen arrived in Iraq in April 2003 with the Fourth Infantry Division, and spent the next two years living in Baghdad as the Wall Street Journal's main Iraq correspondent.
Dreazen has made more than 12 lengthy trips to Iraq and Afghanistan and has spent a total of nearly four years on the ground in the two countries, mostly doing front-line combat embeds. He has reported from more than 20 countries, including Pakistan, Russia, China, Israel, Japan, Turkey, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia.
In 2010, Dreazen received the Military Reporters & Editors association’s top award for domestic military reporting in a large publication for a series of articles about military suicide and the psychological traumas impacting veterans of the two long wars. His writing has appeared in the Washington Post, Smithsonian, Tablet and the New Republic and he appears regularly on TV and radio programs such as NPR's Diane Rehm Show and PBS' Washington Week with Gwen Ifill. Dreazen gives frequent lectures about journalism, the wars and current events to both civilian and military audiences.
Dreazen lives in Washington with his wife, Annie Rosenzweig Dreazen, and their beloved Golden Retriever, Charlie., John HudsonJohn Hudson is a senior reporter at Foreign Policy covering diplomacy and national security.
This story has been updated.
President Obama accepted the resignation of Veterans Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki Friday morning after a brief meeting at the White House, bowing to the harsh reality that the retired four-star general had become so toxic a figure that growing numbers of Democrats were abandoning him after a scathing VA internal report found evidence of "systemic" problems throughout the VA system that kept veterans waiting too long for the medical help they desperately needed.
"With considerable regret," Obama said Friday morning, he accepted Shinseki’s resignation, but did so while acknowledging that Shinseki is one of the most profoundly dedicated public servants there is. Still, he said, he agreed with Shinseki that he had become the kind of distraction that would undermine any effort to help solve the broad problems across the VA.
“He’s a good person who has done exemplary work on our behalf and under his leadership we have seen more progress on more fronts at the VA … than just about any other VA secretary,” Obama said.
Obama did what some thought he wouldn’t do: remove Shinseki without naming his successor. Obama appointed the VA’s deputy secretary of Veterans Affairs, Sloan Gibson, to serve as acting secretary, but vowed to find someone to replace Shinseki.
Meanwhile, a probe into what went wrong and who might be culpable continues. Though Shinseki had started the process to fire individuals associated with the problems at the Phoenix healthcare facility that sparked the crisis at the VA, Obama said the Justice Department would continue its investigation to see if there had been any criminal wrongdoing.
Obama had stood by Shinseki for weeks as evidence of widespread failures across the VA system began to emerge, and said last week that he wouldn’t make any changes at the sprawling department until several other probes concluded their work. The embattled VA secretary had similarly rejected calls to resign and vowed to stay on until the problems were fixed. Shinseki earlier announced that he was firing senior staffers at the medical center in Phoenix that has been the locus of the scandal and promised to hold the leadership of other facilities accountable if specific problems were identified in their centers.
Shinseki repeated that message this morning at an appearance at a conference for the National Coalition for Homeless Veterans. In recent days, he has asked Congress to give him greater power to fire underperforming employees and fill a host of vacant leadership positions.
"After Wednesday’s release of an interim inspector general report, we now know that V.A. has a systemic, totally unacceptable lack of integrity within some of our veterans’ health facilities," he said. "That breach of integrity is irresponsible, it is indefensible and it is unacceptable to me."
Still, Shinseki’s fate appeared to have been sealed by the publication this week of a report by the VA’s own inspector general that found 1,700 veterans waiting to see a doctor at the Phoenix facility at the center of the current scandal who hadn’t actually been scheduled for an appointment or placed on a waiting list, raising questions about how many more remained "forgotten or lost" in the system. It didn’t say whether those delays were linked to the deaths of 23 veterans who passed away there while waiting for care, igniting the whistle-blower complaint that triggered the current investigations.
The general also said that the inspector general has expanded his review to 42 VA facilities, far more than the 26 initially designated. Earlier reports found that the VA manipulated record-keeping that covered up lengthy waiting periods for veterans, some of whom ended up dying in the process.
In the wake of the report, Democrats on Capitol Hill — particularly those in difficult re-election fights– began to abandon Shinseki in droves. Among them: Sens. Kay Hagan (D-N.C.), Mark Udall (D-Colo.), John Walsh (D-Mont.), Al Franken (D-Minn.), Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.), Mark Warner (D-Va.), Tim Kaine (D-Va.), Jeff Merkley (D-Or.), Tom Udall (D-N.M.), Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.), and Mary Landrieu (D-L.A.). Rep. Steve Israel (D-N.Y.), the powerful chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, also called for his head, as did an array of other Democratic congress members, including Iraq War veteran Tammy Duckworth of Illinois and the ranking member of the House Veterans’ Affairs Committee, Michael Michaud.
“I have always respected General Shinseki’s service to our country and thank him for that service. His resignation is one step in the process to uncover the dysfunction at some VA facilities," Israel said in a statement. "We must get to the root of the problem so our veterans have top-notch care and swiftly. I am continuing to call for a criminal investigation and to hold those found responsible accountable. We must focus on solutions that will help our veterans who deserve a system that works.”
Shinseki’s departure raises two immediate and very difficult questions for the White House. The first is who will replace him. Shinseki, though low-key and not prone to glad-handing on Capitol Hill, was a widely respected figure because of his decades of service in the Army, where he retired as a four-star general. Until this scandal, he had few critics on Capitol Hill and was seen as a competent, if uninspiring, leader for the department. His replacement will need to have a demonstrable record of management experience and, probably, a military background. Finding that type of official, particularly one with the political acumen to navigate what could be a grueling confirmation fight, will be extraordinarily hard.
The bigger challenge will be the one immediately facing the new secretary: how to fire the officials responsible for the current scandal — which could easily number into the dozens — while also making the wide-ranging and costly bureaucratic changes necessary to fix a problem that has been building for years, as millions of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans have returned home and the population of vets of the wars in Korea and Vietnam has continued to age and require increasingly expensive care.
The VA has struggled for years to find enough physicians — particularly primary care doctors, psychologists and psychiatrists — capable of treating the new generation of veterans. Many physicians have left the VA or refused to consider jobs there because their pay lags what is available in the private sector and their caseloads have increased without additional resources.
The New York Times, citing VA data, reported that the department was trying to find 400 new primary care physicians to bolster its current number of roughly 5,100. Other VA statistics cited by the newspaper showed that the number of primary care appointments had increased by 50 percent over the past three years while the numbers of such doctors had grown by only 9 percent.
The problems are just as acute, if not more so, when it comes to the hundreds of thousands of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan with PTSD, the signature invisible wound of the long wars. The disorder causes depression, sleeplessness, alcohol and drug abuse, and occasional flashes of fury. In a tragically large number of cases, it has also been linked to the military’s skyrocketing suicide rate. More than 2,000 troops have taken their own lives since the start of the Afghan and Iraq wars, and those numbers show few signs of slowing. Since PTSD can take years, if not decades, to manifest, the VA system will be struggling to help troubled veterans receive the hel
p they need for a long time to come. The question, as with medical care, is whether the troubled system will be up for the job.