Why apartment, shopping, and office complexes keep showing up on the backs of giant, golden flattops.
- By Warner BrownWarner Brown is a frequent contributor to FP's Tea Leaf Nation. He is based in Shanghai.
SHANGHAI — Of the topics that keep China watchers awake at night, two of the most-discussed are aircraft carriers and real estate. China launched its first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, in September 2012. It was merely a re-commissioned Soviet hulk, but it got Americans debating its implications for the United States, its allies, and the balance of power in Asia. Meanwhile, China’s real estate market has been called the “single most important sector in the entire global economy.” For years this crucial driver of Chinese growth has looked like a bubble, one which every few years appears on the verge of bursting amid excess supply and falling home prices, with distressing implications for China and the world economy.
It may therefore be disconcerting that images of condos and office towers looming from the decks of aircraft carriers have proliferated around China. Are the country’s two most threatening forces coalescing into an unholy union? Perhaps the images signal a plot to export the nation’s property troubles to the United States: Motivated by the recent spread of empty apartment complexes, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army first will chisel vacant housing blocks out of the overbuilt and underpopulated “ghost cities” of Inner Mongolia, mount them on the Liaoning for the journey across the Pacific, and at last unceremoniously dump their burdens on the fragile California housing market. (Sun Tzu would have been proud.)
The true explanation for China’s property-laden aircraft carriers is more prosaic. They are but one more trend in the cacophonous world of Chinese real estate advertising, jostling for attention in a sagging market from both the pages of brochures and billboards surrounding construction sites, like this one in Jiashan, a small city near Shanghai:
The house-carrier meme is part of a larger tradition of Chinese firms across industries promoting themselves with aircraft carrier imagery to imply leadership in their field. These include self-declared “heavy industry aircraft carriers,” “office furniture aircraft carriers,” and, below, a “home decoration aircraft carrier“:
The symbolism extends beyond the carriers’ role in great power politics to their status as enormous, complex machines — the result of hundreds of moving parts, interlocking systems, and human crews working in unison to produce one of the most powerful forces in existence. Firms here naturally seek to associate themselves with this comprehensive, world-leading workmanship and coordination.
It’s not surprising that the property industry, which by some estimates accounts for about 15 percent of China’s GDP, has joined the fray. One brochure for an office block in a large inland city deploys a range of pleasing commercial vocabulary to declare itself, in English, a “big east side one-stop business aircraft carrier.” Then there’s this office-hotel combo, loaded onto an aircraft carrier which appears to float over a distinctly non-Chinese cityscape:
This isn’t the only instance of real estate developers liberally using Photoshop to capture the attention of jaded buyers. It is already de riguer for brochures to edit images of housing developments so they appear to blossom from fields of green, even if in reality they are adrift in a gray urban sea. Others go farther, editing renderings of their firm’s skyscrapers so they appear to dominate the skylines of Western financial centers.
But China watchers should not be not alarmed by any of this chest-thumping. Images of aircraft carriers bearing shopping malls and apartment high-rises are nothing more than local developers pulling out all the stops in a hyper-competitive market. Genuine angst will be warranted when the Chinese military becomes the aircraft carrier of, well, operating aircraft carriers.
Blake Hounshell is managing editor at Foreign Policy, having formerly been Web editor. Hounshell oversees ForeignPolicy.com and has commissioned and edited numerous cover stories for the print magazine, including National Magazine Award finalist "Why Do They Hate Us?" by Mona Eltahawy. He also edits The Cable, FP's first foray into daily original reporting, and was editor of Colum Lynch's Turtle Bay, which in 2011 won a National Magazine award for best reporting in a digital format.
Blake joined Foreign Policy in 2006 after living in Cairo, where he studied Arabic, missed his Steelers finally win one for the thumb, and worked for the Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies. Blake was a 2011 finalist for the Livingston Awards prize for young journalists for his reporting on the Arab uprisings, and his Twitter feed was named one of Time magazine's "140 Best Twitter Feeds of 2011." Under his leadership, in 2008, Passport, FP's flagship blog, won Media Industry Newsletter's "Best of the Web" award in the blog category. Along with Elizabeth Dickinson, he edited Southern Tiger: Chile's Fight for a Democratic and Prosperous Future, the memoirs of former Chilean president Ricardo Lagos, published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2012.
A graduate of Yale University, Blake speaks mangled Arabic and French, is an avid runner, and lives in Washington with his wife, musician Sandy Choi, and their toddler, David. Follow him on Twitter @blakehounshell.| Passport |
John Reed is a national security reporter for Foreign Policy. He comes to FP after editing Military.com’s publication Defense Tech and working as the associate editor of DoDBuzz. Between 2007 and 2010, he covered major trends in military aviation and the defense industry around the world for Defense News and Inside the Air Force. Before moving to Washington in August 2007, Reed worked in corporate sales and business development for a Swedish IT firm, The Meltwater Group in Mountain View CA, and Philadelphia, PA. Prior to that, he worked as a reporter at the Tracy Press and the Scotts Valley Press-Banner newspapers in California. His first story as a professional reporter involved chasing escaped emus around California’s central valley with Mexican cowboys armed with lassos and local police armed with shotguns. Luckily for the giant birds, the cowboys caught them first and the emus were ok. A New England native, Reed graduated from the University of New Hampshire with a dual degree in international affairs and history.| The Complex |