The former U.S. ambassador to Syria believes Moscow’s military intervention on Assad’s behalf will slow, not accelerate, movement toward a potential peace deal.
President Barack Obama’s former ambassador to Syria told House lawmakers Tuesday that Russia’s military intervention in the country has set back, not advanced, efforts to reach a diplomatic solution to the five-year-old conflict.
The gloomy comments from Robert Ford, who served as ambassador to Syria from 2011 to 2014, stand in direct opposition to the State Department’s growing optimism that a Syrian peace deal may be in sight. Deputy Secretary of State Tony Blinken and other top officials have argued that Vladimir Putin’s military intervention on behalf of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad could give Moscow the leverage needed to prod Assad to step aside and make way for a successor. Ford had a very different take.
“I think the Russian intervention has made it infinitely harder to get the concessions needed … which will impede getting to a new national unity government,” he said in testimony before the House Armed Services Committee.
Ford said he had also initially hoped that Russia’s intervention would leave Assad so much in Putin’s debt that Moscow would be able to help force a political transition. But Russia’s actions in recent days have dispelled the notion that it might assist in Assad’s ouster, he said.
“The fact that they are using cluster bombs, the fact that they are targeting civilian areas regularly. The fact that they are, targeting aid convoys, humanitarian aid convoys regularly, this does not look like a Russian policy designed to extract concessions out of Bashar al-Assad to advance a peace process,” he said.
The remarks contrast with the views expressed last month by Blinken, who said Moscow’s support to Assad, in the form of airstrikes, arms transfers and financial assistance, has “increased Russia’s leverage” over Assad, and brought diplomats closer to brokering a deal.
“We now have, without exaggerating its potential, a greater possibility at achieving a political transition in Syria than we did just a few months ago and arguably at any time during this crisis,” Blinken said at FP’s Global Thinkers event in December.
In November, Secretary of State Kerry went a step further, saying, “We’re weeks away conceivably from the possibility of a big transition for Syria, and I don’t think enough people necessarily notice that. But that’s the reality.”
Those remarks have prompted guffaws from critics who say a transition remains far away in the distance given the continued violence plaguing the country, and the significant logistical and political challenges of holding elections and securing a ceasefire between the Assad regime and the fractious opposition.
Analysts have been especially disheartened by a string of reports of Russian air raids hitting civilian targets, such as the bombing of the Idlib province offices of a Syrian-American advocacy group on Saturday and the bombing of at least 12 Syrian school children in Aleppo province on Monday.
The bombings threaten to derail the United Nations-brokered peace talks scheduled for Jan. 25. On Monday, Syrian opposition coordinator Riad Hijab threatened to pull out of the talks given Russia’s alleged actions.
“We want to negotiate, but to do that the conditions have to be there,” Hijab said. “We cannot negotiate with the regime when there are foreign forces bombing the Syrian people.”
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