- By John HudsonJohn Hudson is a senior reporter at Foreign Policy, where he covers diplomacy and national security issues in Washington. He has reported from several geopolitical hotspots, including Ukraine, Pakistan, Malaysia, China, and Georgia. Prior to joining FP, John covered politics and global affairs for the Atlantic magazine’s news blog, the Atlantic Wire. In 2008, he covered the August war between Russia and Georgia from Tbilisi and the breakaway region of Abkhazia. He has appeared on CNN, MSNBC, BBC, C-SPAN, Fox News radio, Al Jazeera, and other broadcast outlets. He has been with the magazine since 2013.
A senior United Nations official said Friday that the five-year civil war in Syria has killed some 400,000 people, a staggering figure that underscores the war’s carnage — and is far higher than the previous U.N. toll of 250,000 calculated a year and a half ago.
Staffan de Mistura, the U.N.’s special envoy in Syria, said the 400,000 figure is based on his “own analysis,” and is not an official U.N. figure, but it comes close to a recent calculation by a Syrian research group that estimated at least 470,000 Syrians had died in the war.
The U.N. stopped counting the death toll in Syria due to a lack of confidence in its own data, a nearly insurmountable problem in a complex conflict involving a vast array of militant groups and a government eager to downplay casualty figures.
“We had 250,000 as a figure two years ago,” said de Mistura. “Well two years ago was two years ago.”
De Mistura’s remarks come as an uptick of fighting between the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and the rebel groups working to unseat him has all-but unravelled the fragile cessation of hostilities agreement, sponsored by the United States and Russia, that went into effect on Feb. 27.
The U.N. envoy vowed to continue the current peace talks in Geneva through Wednesday of next week despite a decision by the main armed opposition group to demand a suspension of the negotiations until the Assad regime stops bombarding rebel-held towns, releases detainees, and provides more access for humanitarian aid.
“We asked to postpone,” Salem al-Muslat, the spokesman for the opposition High Negotiations Committee, told Foreign Policy in a telephone interview. “But most of us are still here in Geneva and we’ve had meetings discussing technical issues.”
The talks are aimed at finding an agreement on a transitional government to end the conflict, which has created the biggest refugee crisis since World War II and allowed the rise of the Islamic State militant group.
Riad Hijab, the opposition’s general coordinator, left the Swiss city for meetings in Jordan. But Muslat said if developments significantly change, Hijab will be back in Geneva “within hours.”