Europe

French President Emmanuel Macron attends a ceremony at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, west of London on Jan. 18. (Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images)

Macron the Conqueror

France is back, thanks to a president committed to disrupting politics at home and abroad.

Alleged Russian soldiers stand outside a Ukrainian military base in Simferopol on March 12, 2014. (Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)

Inside a European Center to Combat Russia’s Hybrid Warfare

Western countries are looking for new ways to defend against a new generation of war. Does a center in Finland have the answers?

(Dibyangshu Sarkar/AFP/Getty Images)

How to Stand Up For Human Rights in the Age of Trump

Western democracies that were once reliable defenders of human rights have been consumed by a nativist backlash, leaving an open field for dictators and demagogues.

Alice Weidel and Alexander Gauland of the right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD) on November 22, 2017 in the Bundestag. (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

Germany Doesn’t Have a Playbook for a Nazi-Sympathizing Opposition

A far-right party has entered German parliament, with uncertain consequences for the country’s democracy.

An effigy of Iran's pre-revolution leader Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in Tehran. (Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images)

A London Television Station Has Convinced Iran the Shah Was Great

Why are young Iranians demanding the return of the Pahlavi dynasty? Media-savvy exiles in Europe.

Russian President Vladimir Putin in Sochi, Russia, in March 2014. (Hannah Peters/Getty Images)

Senate Report Outlines Playbook to Prevent Future Russian Election Meddling

Conspicuously absent from the report, however, is Republican buy-in.

The headquarters of the European Commission in Brussels on October 21, 2004. (Mark Renders/Getty Images)

No, Europe Isn’t Ambushing NATO

How to learn to stop worrying and love the EU’s new security and defense agreement.

German soldiers beside a tank during World War II (German Federal Archives via Wikimedia Commons).

WWII query: Why did France surrender so quickly while Russia held out for years?

After eight years at Foreign Policy, here are the ten most popular Best Defense posts.

This map shows the change in election results of 102 populist parties across 39 European countries between 2000 and 2017. (European Populism: Trends, Threads, and Future Prospects)

2017 Was the Year of False Promise in the Fight Against Populism

The populist wave seems like it may have crested. The data proves otherwise.

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini at a joint press conference in Brussels on Dec. 5. (John Thys/AFP/Getty Images)

U.S.-EU Obligations Should Cut Both Ways in 2018

The United States should be able to count on Europe’s help in isolating Iran.

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy and Catalan Prime Minister Carles Puigdemont during their meeting at La Moncloa palace in Madrid on April 20, 2016. (Curto de la Torre/AFP/Getty Images)

Catalonia’s Crisis Is Just Getting Started

Spain's prime minister tried, and failed, to strong-arm Catalonia. The result is an enduring stalemate.

President Donald Trump in front of the Warsaw Uprising Monument on July 6, 2017. (Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images)

How to Save Poland From Itself

Reagan intervened to rescue Poland from authoritarianism. Trump should do the same thing.

Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki in Brussels on December 14, 2017. (JOHN THYS/AFP/Getty Images)

If You’re Not a Democracy, You’re Not European Anymore

The EU is finally declaring it's a club with rules — and that countries like Poland might not belong.

Britain's former Prime Minister David Cameron sits in the Royal Box on Centre Court following the women's singles semi-finals on the tenth day of the 2017 Wimbledon Championships at The All England Lawn Tennis Club in Wimbledon, southwest London, on July 13. (Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty Images)

David Cameron Didn’t Just Sell Out to China

China’s global economic ambitions require help, and it’s entirely appropriate for the United Kingdom to offer it.

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Global Thinkers 2015 Issue Cover