Europe

Supporters of an independence for Catalonia listen to Catalan president Carles Puigdemont's speech  in Barcelona on October 10, 2017. ( Pau Barrena/AFP/Getty Images)

Catalan President Backs Down From Independence Declaration

Puigdemont says he’ll still pursue negotiations with Spain.

STRALSUND, GERMANY - SEPTEMBER 16:  A vandalized billboard showing German Chancellor and Christian Democrat (CDU) Angela Merkel stands on September 16, 2017 Stralsund, Germany. Merkel is seeking a fourth term in federal elections scheduled for September 24. She currently holds an approximate 16-point lead over her main rival, German Social Democrat (SPD) Martin Schulz. Both the German Greens Party and the Free Democrats (FDP) are hoping to position themselves to be part of the next coalition government. The right-wing, populist Alternative for Germany (AfD) will likely finish above the 5% election votes minimum and hence win seats in the Bundestag.  (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

The Dam Will Hold. Until It Doesn’t.

Europe has managed to slow the flow of migrants, at least for now — but is undermining its most-cherished values in the process.

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy on February 24, 2015. (PIERRE-PHILIPPE MARCOU/AFP/Getty Images)

The Ghost of Franco Still Haunts Catalonia

Mariano Rajoy’s use of violence against separatists wasn’t an aberration. It was an authentic expression of Spanish conservatism.

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Nearly There, but Never Further Away

Europe has outsourced the dirty work of border control to Libyan militias. In doing so, it has turned African migrants into commodities to be captured, sold, and traded like slaves.

LAMPEDUSA, ITALY - MAY 19: A man is helped off a small rubber boat by crew members from NGO Sea-Eye on May 19, 2017 in international waters off the coast of Libya.  (Photo by Christian Marquardt/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

The Savior’s Dilemma

Are naval search-and-rescue operations saving migrants’ lives — or just encouraging them to take greater risks?

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All for Nothing

Migrants who fail to reach Europe face humiliation, isolation, and impoverishment at home.

President Donald Trump looks on during a meeting in October. / Douliery-Pool / Getty Images

Trump to Chart Hawkish Course on Iran

By telling Congress the nuclear deal is not in the U.S. interest, the White House is gambling on European help to roll back Iranian influence.

AGADEZ, Niger - Adji, driver. Adji has a wife a two children, and also cares for his deceased brother's eight children. He says the EU policy has made it too risky for him to continue driving as his family cannot survive if he were to be arrested. He has not found other work though, and his family is struggling to buy their daily rice.

A historical smuggling hub through which as many as 13,000 migrants passed each month in 2016, Agadez has been the site of a recent crackdown on human smugglers after the EU struck a $635 million deal with Nigerian authorities to keep a lid on migration. (Photo by Nichole Sobecki)

My Smuggler, My Savior

They’re migrants’ only chance of making it safely across the Sahara. They’re also outlaws engaged in a deadly game of cat and mouse with Niger’s military.

Amadou Coulibaly, Association des Maliens Expulsés

The Deported

Europe is expelling thousands of Africans. To one Malian deportee, that looks like a recipe for revolution.

BAMAKO, Mali - Portrait of Abdoulaye Traoré from the rooftop of his university in Bamako, the capital of Mali. After work at the cashew processing plant stalled Abdoulaye left his hometown to begin studying law, but his family has remained in Kolondieba. 

The cashew processing plant where Abdoulaye Traoré and roughly 200 other Malian laborers made a living by stripping the fleshy husks off of crescent-shaped nuts had been sitting idle since early February when the plant ran out of raw materials. The plant is one of Mali’s flagship development projects, and the blueprint for future multi-million-euro job-creation initiatives aimed at curbing migration to Europe. (Photo by Nichole Sobecki)

The Paradox of Prosperity

Europe is spending billions of dollars to jump-start Africa’s poorest economies. But that may just accelerate the exodus.

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Highway Through Hell

The human-smuggling route across the Sahara may have been the deadliest on Earth. Then the EU paid Niger’s army to shut it down — and made it even more treacherous.

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Mali’s Migrant Crackdown

Europe has been helping fight the country’s jihadis for years. Now it’s turning its sights on human smugglers.

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Europe Slams Its Gates: Imperiling Africa – And Its Own Soul

An unprecedented wave of African migration is warping Europe’s politics and threatening its stability. Can the Continent respond without destroying its values and wreaking havoc in Africa? FP’s special investigation examines Europe’s desperate campaign to barricade itself — and the policies’ unintended consequences.

A general view taken on the Rambla boulevard in Barcelona on August 26, 2017 shows people gathering around a flower tibute for the victims of last week's deadly attacks during a march against terrorism which slogan is #NoTincPor (I'm Not Afraid).
Tens of thousands of Spaniards and foreigners stagged a defiant march against terror through Barcelona following last week's deadly vehicle rampages. The Mediterranean city is in mourning after a van ploughed into crowds on Las Ramblas boulevard on August 17, followed hours later by a car attack in the seaside town of Cambrils.
 / AFP PHOTO / LLUIS GENE        (Photo credit should read LLUIS GENE/AFP/Getty Images)

Is There Any Defense Against Low-Tech Terror?

The Catalonia attacks are a case study in the future of violent extremism. Governments need to figure out how to respond.

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Global Thinkers 2015 Issue Cover