Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama at the Basilica of Our Lady of Perpetual Help in Boston on Aug. 29, 2009. (Brian Snyder-Pool/Getty Images)

The Middle East’s Age of Innocence Is Over

The traditional object of the West’s romantic foreign-policy visions is now the graveyard of its idealism.

Nikki Haley, the U.S. ambassador to the U.N., tours a U.S.-funded supermarket in the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan on May 21, 2017.  (Raad Adayleh/AFP/Getty Images)

Haley: Vote With U.S. at U.N. or We’ll Cut Your Aid

In a proposed aid overhaul, Nikki Haley embraces an “America first” foreign policy.

A burning mural of Saddam Hussein in Kirkuk on April 11, 2003. (Patrick Barth/Getty Images)

Baathism Caused the Chaos in Iraq and Syria

The United States invaded the Levant 15 years ago – but the region’s scorched-earth ideology has kept the fire burning.

An Iraqi army M1A1 Abrams tank on its way to Mosul, on Nov. 4, 2016. (Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images)

Made in America, But Lost in Iraq

U.S.-made tanks that fell into militia hands have sparked a standoff with Baghdad over assistance.

Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIS Brett McGurk  during a Pentagon briefing in Arlington, VA, on May 19, 2017. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)

Trump Administration Ready to Scrap Envoy to Anti-ISIS Coalition

With the Islamic State on the brink of military defeat, the State Department is poised to eliminate the office charged with coordinating the fight.

U.S. President Donald Trump brandishes a sword during a welcome ceremony in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on May 20, 2017. (Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images)

Trump’s Middle East Strategy Is Totally Boring

There’s a very familiar method to the administration’s apparent regional madness.

A woman reads names on a commemorative plaque during a memorial ceremony for victims of an Islamic State attack at Istanbul's Ataturk airport, on June 28, 2016. (Ozan Kose/AFP/Getty Images)

Erdogan’s Fatal Blind Spot

The real threat to Turkey isn’t the Kurds. It’s the Islamic State.

Foreign ministers during the international conference for Iraq reconstruction in Kuwait City, on Feb. 14. (Yasser al-Zayyat/AFP/Getty Images)

The Post-Islamic State Marshall Plan That Never Was

The $30 billion pledged toward reconstruction in Iraq was more than some expected, but still short of the total needed to rebuild the country.

Turkish tanks pass front of a giant poster of Recep Tayyip Erdogan on August 30,2014 in Istanbul. (Ozan Kose/AFP/Getty Images)

General Erdogan’s First War

Turkey’s Islamist president is the first civilian with control over his country’s military – and you can tell by the results.

Members of the Popular Mobilization Forces advance toward Tal Afar, Iraq, on Aug. 22, 2017. (Ahmad Al-Rubaye/AFP/Getty Images)

Iraq’s Militias Set Their Sights on Political Power

With elections looming in May and the Islamic State on the run, the Popular Mobilization Forces are eyeing politics.

On this episode of The E.R., Max Boot joins us to discuss his new book "The Road Not Taken."

After ISIS

The vice president wants aid to go Christians and other minorities targeted by the Islamic State. But others fear it could increase sectarian strife.

A man sweeps up rubble in preparation for Christmas Day mass at the Mar Hanna Church near Mosul, Iraq, on Dec. 22, 2016. (Chris McGrath/Getty Images)

Pence Plan to Target Aid for Christians in Iraq Sparks Concern

Aid experts fear the Trump administration’s focus on Christians and other religious minorities could do more harm than good.

(Getty Images/Zak Bickel illustration for Foreign Policy)


Despite its defeat on the battlefield, the Islamic State is using Iraq’s black market to stockpile millions of dollars to fuel its coming insurgency.

Supporters wave flags as they wait for Masoud Barzani’s arrival during a rally in Erbil, Iraq, on Sept. 22, 2017, for the independence referendum later that month. (Chris McGrath/Getty Images)

Twilight of the Kurds

Kurdish officials once dreamed of forging their own state out of the ashes of the war against the Islamic State. Now they are fighting for their very survival.

Iraqi forces on Nov. 4, 2017 after capturing the town of al Qaim from the Islamic State. (Ahmad al-Rubaye/AFP/Getty Images)

Coalition Analysis Warns of Potential Islamic State Resurgence

The militant group is on the run, but that doesn’t mean it won’t be back.

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