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The Top 100 Public Intellectuals—the Final Rankings

During nearly four weeks of voting, more than 500,000 people came to ForeignPolicy.com to cast their ballots for the world’s top 100 intellectuals. Here are the final results.

How Could You Not Include…
Members of the Top 100 name the intellectuals they believe should have made the list.

Illustrations by Lara Tomlin for FP For More: The Worlds Top 20 Public Intellectuals
For brief bios of the top 100 honorees, click here.
Fethullah Glen Muhammad Yunus Yusuf Al-Qaradawi Orhan Pamuk Aitzaz Ahsan Amr Khaled Abdolkarim Soroush Tariq Ramadan Mahmood Mamdani Shirin Ebadi Noam Chomsky Al Gore Bernard Lewis Umberto Eco Ayaan Hirsi Ali Amartya Sen Fareed Zakaria Garry Kasparov Richard Dawkins Mario Vargas Llosa Lee Smolin Jrgen Habermas Salman Rushdie Sari Nusseibeh Slavoj Zizek Vaclav Havel Christopher Hitchens Samuel Huntington Peter Singer Paul Krugman Jared Diamond Pope Benedict XVI Fan Gang Michael Ignatieff Fernando Henrique Cardoso Lilia Shevtsova Charles Taylor Martin Wolf E.O. Wilson Thomas Friedman Bjrn Lomborg Daniel Dennett Francis Fukuyama Ramachandra Guha Tony Judt Steven Levitt Nouriel Roubini Jeffrey Sachs Wang Hui V.S. Ramachandran Drew Gilpin Faust Lawrence Lessig J.M. Coetzee Fernando Savater Wole Soyinka Yan Xuetong Steven Pinker Alma Guillermoprieto Sunita Narain Anies Baswedan Michael Walzer Niall Ferguson George Ayittey Ashis Nandy David Petraeus Olivier Roy Lawrence Summers Martha Nussbaum Robert Kagan James Lovelock J. Craig Venter Amos Oz Samantha Power Lee Kuan Yew Hu Shuli Kwame Anthony Appiah Malcolm Gladwell Alexander De Waal Gianni Riotta Daniel Barenboim Thrse Delpech William Easterly Minxin Pei Richard Posner Ivan Krastev Enrique Krauze Anne Applebaum Rem Koolhaas Jacques Attali Paul Collier Esther Duflo Michael Spence Robert Putnam Harold Varmus Howard Gardner Daniel Kahneman Yegor Gaidar Neil Gershenfeld Alain Finkielkraut Ian Buruma

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