Daniel W. Drezner
The renaissance of political science
Following up on the Tom Coburn saga, Patricia Cohen has a round-up in the New York Times about whether the study of political science contributes to the public good. Some excerpts: Much of the political science work financed by the National Science Foundation is both rigorous and valuable, said Jeffrey C. Isaac, a professor at ...
Following up on the Tom Coburn saga, Patricia Cohen has a round-up in the New York Times about whether the study of political science contributes to the public good. Some excerpts:
Much of the political science work financed by the National Science Foundation is both rigorous and valuable, said Jeffrey C. Isaac, a professor at Indiana University in Bloomington, where one new winner of the Nobel in economic science, the political scientist Elinor Ostrom, teaches. “But we’re kidding ourselves if we think this research typically has the obvious public benefit we claim for it,” he said. “We political scientists can and should do a better job of making the public relevance of our work clearer and of doing more relevant work.”
Mr. Isaac is the editor of Perspectives on Politics, a journal that was created by the field’s professional organization to bridge the divide after a group of political scientists led a revolt against the growing influence of statistical methods and mathematics-based models in the discipline. In 2000 an anonymous political scientist who called himself Mr. Perestroika roused scores of colleagues to protest the organization, the American Political Science Association, and its flagship journal, The American Political Science Review, arguing that the two were marginalizing scholars who focused on traditional research based on history, culture and archives.
Though there is still jockeying over jobs, power and prestige — particularly in an era of shrinking budgets — much of that animus has quieted, and most political scientists agree that a wide range of approaches makes sense.
What remains, though, is a nagging concern that the field is not producing work that matters. “The danger is that political science is moving in the direction of saying more and more about less and less,” said Joseph Nye, a professor at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard, whose work has been particularly influential among American policy makers. “There are parts of the academy which, in the effort to be scientific, feel we should stay away from policy,” Mr. Nye said, that “it interferes with the science.”
In his view statistical techniques too often determine what kind of research political scientists do, pushing them further into narrow specializations cut off from real-world concerns. The motivation to be precise, Mr. Nye warned, has overtaken the impulse to be relevant.
[Full disclosure: I’m
not now on the editorial board of Perspectives on Politics, and therefore am obligated to link to Isaac’s Chronicle of Higher Education essay on this topic.]
Coburn’s focus has been on the past ten years, and I think the biggest irony of that focus is that, compared to a decade ago, there’s more policy-relevant research and less paradigmatic navel-gazing.
[Got any hard evidence, smart guy?–ed.] This is very tough to measure (if only we had an NSF grant!), but consider the following:
- A political scientist just won the Nobel Prize in Economics using a cluster of different methodologies;
- Demand for the services of political scientists has never been greater. The Defense Department has awarded political scientists through its Minerva program. Political risk consultants are all the rage now — and while I won’t fully endorse their product, the fact that firms feel like they are worth paying gobs of money is an example of revealed preference;
- In the past year, political scientists have influenced the public debate on issues such as the Bradley effect in elections or U.S. standing in the world.
- Whether you agree or disagree with them, one can point to several episodes in recent years in which political scientists have provoked some roiling debates over a public policy issue.
- This is an insufficient sample, but I’d note that political scientists are better represented in the most recent issue of Foreign Affairs than they were in the issue from a decade ago. Assignment to aspiring researchers/bloggers: go through the archives of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The National Interest, Policy Review, and The Washington Quarterly and see if there are more political scientists publishing in these journals recently than, say, a decade ago.
I’m planning on posting why I think political sciece is in better shape than it was a decade ago later in the week. But for now, a question to readers: are these examples persuasive, or do you need to see more evidence?