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Unfinished Business

The U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century, chartered by the U.S. secretary of defense in 1998, was created to conduct the most comprehensive review of U.S. security since the National Security Act of 1947. Its February 2001 report, "Road Map for National Security: Imperative for Change," included several recommendations on State Department reform: "The President ...

The U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century, chartered by the U.S. secretary of defense in 1998, was created to conduct the most comprehensive review of U.S. security since the National Security Act of 1947. Its February 2001 report, "Road Map for National Security: Imperative for Change," included several recommendations on State Department reform:

"The President should propose to the Congress a plan to reorganize the State Department, creating five Under Secretaries, with responsibility for overseeing the regions of Africa, Asia, Europe, Inter-America, and Near East/South Asia, and redefining the responsibilities of the Under Secretary for Global Affairs."

"The President should propose to the Congress that the U.S. Agency for International Development be consolidated into the State Department."

"The Secretary of State should give greater emphasis to strategic planning in the State Department and link it directly to the allocation of resources through the establishment of a Strategic Planning, Assistance, and Budget Office."

"The President should ask Congress to appropriate funds to the State Department in a single integrated Foreign Operations budget, which would include all foreign assistance programs and activities as well as all expenses for personnel and operations."

"The President should ensure that Ambassadors have the requisite area knowledge as well as leadership and management skills to function effectively. He should therefore appoint an independent, bipartisan advisory panel to the Secretary of State to vet ambassadorial appointees, career and non-career alike."

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