The Oil and the Glory

Is it a clean energy trade war yet? China cuts off U.S. rare earth supply

A few days ago, the United States responded to a United Steelworkers suit by announcing an investigation of China’s alleged gargantuan subsidizing of its clean-energy industries — something regarded by many countries, including China, as a strategic priority. Today we get China’s apparent reply: Beijing is cutting off its exports of rare-earth minerals to the ...

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NINGBO, ZHEJIANG - JUNE 03: A boat passes an oil reserve base on the seashore on June 3, 2009 in Ningbo of Zhejiang Province, China. China started to build national oil reserve bases as early as in 2003 to offset oil supply risks and reduce the impact of fluctuating energy prices. China's top economic planning agency would soon submit a draft support plan of the country's new energy industry to the State Council for approval. The support plan would focus on nuclear power and renewable energy as wind and solar power, an official of the National Bureau of Energy said. (Photo by Feng Li/Getty Images)

A few days ago, the United States responded to a United Steelworkers suit by announcing an investigation of China's alleged gargantuan subsidizing of its clean-energy industries -- something regarded by many countries, including China, as a strategic priority. Today we get China's apparent reply: Beijing is cutting off its exports of rare-earth minerals to the United States, according to the New York Times' Keith Bradsher.

The 17 rare-earth minerals are crucial to the manufacture of high-tech products such as advanced batteries and flat-screen televisions, and in military equipment such as missiles and jets. China mines about 95 percent of the world's rare earths.

The news comes the same day that China announced that it is further reducing the export of the minerals to all countries next year. In July, Beijing said it would reduce its rare earth exports by about 40 percent. Next year, it's set to reduce that volume by another 30 percent, according to another report by Bradsher.

A few days ago, the United States responded to a United Steelworkers suit by announcing an investigation of China’s alleged gargantuan subsidizing of its clean-energy industries — something regarded by many countries, including China, as a strategic priority. Today we get China’s apparent reply: Beijing is cutting off its exports of rare-earth minerals to the United States, according to the New York Times‘ Keith Bradsher.

The 17 rare-earth minerals are crucial to the manufacture of high-tech products such as advanced batteries and flat-screen televisions, and in military equipment such as missiles and jets. China mines about 95 percent of the world’s rare earths.

The news comes the same day that China announced that it is further reducing the export of the minerals to all countries next year. In July, Beijing said it would reduce its rare earth exports by about 40 percent. Next year, it’s set to reduce that volume by another 30 percent, according to another report by Bradsher.

The issue of rare earth availability has alarmed numerous companies and countries. Japan got cut off Sept. 21 after one of its naval cutters arrested a Chinese fisherman for ramming Japanese patrol boats. Since then, several companies have announced plans to accelerate the re-opening of rare earth mines in Australia, the United States, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan, but bringing such projects to fruition can take years.

This latest move significantly escalates a steady increase in economic and trade moves by both countries. If confirmed, the Obama administration might have no choice but to reply with some similar action, particularly given the poisonous mid-term election atmosphere in the United States.

<p> Steve LeVine is a contributing editor at Foreign Policy, a Schwartz Fellow at the New America Foundation, and author of The Oil and the Glory. </p>

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