The Cable

The Cable goes inside the foreign policy machine, from Foggy Bottom to Turtle Bay, the White House to Embassy Row.

State Department facing several nomination fights

It’s going to be a long summer for the State Department’s legislative affairs bureau, which is about to find itself dealing with whole host of nomination battles on Capitol Hill. GOP senators were not shy last year about using their power to hold up nominees in order to extract concessions from the State Department, and ...

It's going to be a long summer for the State Department's legislative affairs bureau, which is about to find itself dealing with whole host of nomination battles on Capitol Hill.

GOP senators were not shy last year about using their power to hold up nominees in order to extract concessions from the State Department, and will likely expand that strategy in the coming months. With significant turnover in Foggy Bottom and a contentious campaign season approaching, the Republican caucus in the Senate is planning to hold up several State Department appointments in order to wring concessions from the administration or torpedo certain nominations altogether.

Some of the nomination fights are being previewed out in the open. For example, Senate Minority Whip Jon Kyl (R-AZ), announced last week on the Senate floor that he intends to stall the nomination of National Security Council Senior Director for Russia Mike McFaul as the next ambassador to Moscow unless the administrations answers his questions about missile defense cooperation with Russia.

It’s going to be a long summer for the State Department’s legislative affairs bureau, which is about to find itself dealing with whole host of nomination battles on Capitol Hill.

GOP senators were not shy last year about using their power to hold up nominees in order to extract concessions from the State Department, and will likely expand that strategy in the coming months. With significant turnover in Foggy Bottom and a contentious campaign season approaching, the Republican caucus in the Senate is planning to hold up several State Department appointments in order to wring concessions from the administration or torpedo certain nominations altogether.

Some of the nomination fights are being previewed out in the open. For example, Senate Minority Whip Jon Kyl (R-AZ), announced last week on the Senate floor that he intends to stall the nomination of National Security Council Senior Director for Russia Mike McFaul as the next ambassador to Moscow unless the administrations answers his questions about missile defense cooperation with Russia.

"The administration owes senators information about what National Security Staff member Michael McFaul … meant when he briefed the press on May 26 that ‘we got a new signal on missile defense cooperation that as soon as I’m done here I’ll be engaging on that with the rest of the U.S. government,’" Kyl said. "I’m concerned that my staff asked the National Security Staff about this over a week ago and we still have heard nothing back. I hope to hear back from the administration soon, especially if the administration expects the Senate to act promptly on Mr. McFaul’s nomination."

Kyl and several other senators have concerns not only about the missile defense cooperation McFaul has been working on with Russia, but also about the overall trajectory of the U.S.-Russia reset policy that McFaul has been leading since joining the administration.

GOP Senate opposition to other State Department and USAID nominees is often less public but nonetheless effective at delaying their confirmations.

For example, Senate leadership "hotlined" the nomination of Mara Rudman to become the new USAID assistant administrator for the Middle East over two weeks ago. Hotlining is a Senate procedure by which a nomination is set for quick approval by unanimous consent and the pending approval is sent to all senators to make sure there are no objections.

But Rudman, who most recently served as chief of staff to Special Envoy George Mitchell, was never voted on, meaning that at least one senator objected. We’re told by multiple GOP aides that in fact, there are several GOP senators who have issues with the Rudman nomination.

Two Senate GOP staffers told The Cable that in both her time as a State Department and as a Senate staffer before that, Rudman rubbed several people the wrong way with her abrasive style and created ill will that remains to this day. Senators also want to understand her role in the administration’s Israel policy, which they are obviously dissatisfied with.

"Senate staff believes her track record shows she’s not an effective leader based on her past government service," one senior GOP senate aide said.

Rudman may ultimately be confirmed, but neither the Senate nor the State Department seems to be pressing for quick action. "It’s not a high priority for the Senate or the administration right now," the aide said.

On Thursday, two more high-level State Department nominees will become targets for GOP senate holds. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee is set to approve the nominations of Bill Burns as deputy secretary of State and Gary Locke as ambassador to China. Once the committee approves the nominations, any one senator can impose a hold.

Senate staffers are also looking into the history of Wendy Sherman, who hasn’t even been nominated for anything, but who The Cable reported is the frontrunner to replace Burns as undersecretary of State for Political Affairs. There’s no formal opposition to Sherman yet, but her time as North Korea coordinator during President Bill Clinton‘s administration will be a focus of her confirmation hearing if and when she is nominated.

Lastly, a potential target for GOP attention is David Adams, the nominee to replace Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs Richard Verma. The legislative affairs team is the office that has been most involved with the Senate GOP when it comes to answering requests for information. Even if Adams gets confirmed, he and the rest of his office are in for a long, hot summer of tough confirmations.

Josh Rogin covers national security and foreign policy and writes the daily Web column The Cable. His column appears bi-weekly in the print edition of The Washington Post. He can be reached for comments or tips at josh.rogin@foreignpolicy.com.

Previously, Josh covered defense and foreign policy as a staff writer for Congressional Quarterly, writing extensively on Iraq, Afghanistan, Guantánamo Bay, U.S.-Asia relations, defense budgeting and appropriations, and the defense lobbying and contracting industries. Prior to that, he covered military modernization, cyber warfare, space, and missile defense for Federal Computer Week Magazine. He has also served as Pentagon Staff Reporter for the Asahi Shimbun, Japan's leading daily newspaper, in its Washington, D.C., bureau, where he reported on U.S.-Japan relations, Chinese military modernization, the North Korean nuclear crisis, and more.

A graduate of George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs, Josh lived in Yokohama, Japan, and studied at Tokyo's Sophia University. He speaks conversational Japanese and has reported from the region. He has also worked at the House International Relations Committee, the Embassy of Japan, and the Brookings Institution.

Josh's reporting has been featured on CNN, MSNBC, C-Span, CBS, ABC, NPR, WTOP, and several other outlets. He was a 2008-2009 National Press Foundation's Paul Miller Washington Reporting Fellow, 2009 military reporting fellow with the Knight Center for Specialized Journalism and the 2011 recipient of the InterAction Award for Excellence in International Reporting. He hails from Philadelphia and lives in Washington, D.C. Twitter: @joshrogin

More from Foreign Policy

The Pentagon is seen from the air over Washington, D.C., on Aug. 25, 2013.

The Pentagon’s Office Culture Is Stuck in 1968

The U.S. national security bureaucracy needs a severe upgrade.

The Azerbaijani army patrols the streets of Shusha on Sept. 25 under a sign that reads: "Dear Shusha, you are free. Dear Shusha, we are back. Dear Shusha, we will resurrect you. Shusha is ours."

From the Ruins of War, a Tourist Resort Emerges

Shusha was the key to the recent war between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Now Baku wants to turn the fabled fortress town into a resort.

Frances Pugh in 2019's Midsommar.

Scandinavia’s Horror Renaissance and the Global Appeal of ‘Fakelore’

“Midsommar” and “The Ritual” are steeped in Scandinavian folklore. Or are they?