In order as pictured: Ziad Haji, 18; Sabah Shivan, 22; Ameen Xdr, 27; Ismail Alias, 23; Hatim Ido, 24; Qola Hassan, 43,
from Karse in Sinjar, Iraq; Kamal Khalo, 26; Rebar Mamo, 22; Xelef Xodeda, 18; Mahir Barkar, 19; Xesri Salih, 23; Xalid Shamo, 29;
Kawa Sinjari is a commander at a two-week-old militia training camp on the Syria-Iraq
border. Here, he says, he is training men who "will suicide for"
Sinjari's men are from various villages in Sinjar—the district in
northwestern Iraq from which thousands of (mostly) Yazidi families fled when
Islamic State (IS) militants advanced west from Mosul, the center of their
continued assault on Iraq since the June 5 invasion. On Aug. 17,
photojournalist Andrew Quilty spent the day with Sinjari's unit in a run-down
facility close to Peshkhabour on the Syrian side of the border with Iraq, in
the northern Kurdish region. They are training, Sinjari says, to take back
The men at the training camp wear matching uniforms and carry various
incarnations of Kalashnikov rifles. Sinjari himself, however, is never without
his U.S. military standard-issue M4 carbine, which he says was first given to
then-Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's army by the United States before being
captured by the Islamic State in the group's mid-June advance, until he himself
wrested it away from an IS fighter, he says with a wry smile.
But these men come together not under a Yazidi flag but under one of
geographical unity—for the protection of Sinjar. While the ragtag unit in
training is made up of Yazidis, Muslims, and Christians, they consider
themselves all to be Kurdish. Sinjari, 35, (who would not allow Quilty to
photograph him) says they're not motivated by religious ideology, nor do they
want to fight for territory outside the Sinjar region. "We tolerate all
people. All people, all nations are the same [to us]," he says.
The men in Sinjari's unit are mostly in their early 20s or younger. Before
the IS advance on Aug. 4, most were with the Iraqi army. Some were Peshmerga
(Kurdish Iraqi military), and some were common workers. There are few among
them who didn't have relatives killed or abducted by IS in the days that
At the training camp they receive basic weapons provided by the YPG (the
Kurdish acronym for the People's Protection Units), which maintains control of
much of the northern Kurdish region of Syria and has recently become active in
preventing the Syrian civil war from spreading to the region. The Kurdistan
Workers' Party (PKK)—which is categorized by the United States as a terrorist
organization—and the Kurdistan Regional Government are also contributing to the
modest war chest, says Sinjari.
While he bemoans the lack of support they're receiving from the likes of the
United States and NATO, Sinjari claims defiantly that it is not technical
training and sophisticated weapons that his men need. "We have the soul
and spirit of Apo," he says, referring to the imprisoned leader of the
PKK, Abdullah Ocalan.
"Our souls are better protecting these
people than weapons and tanks."
All photos by Andrew Quilty