Special Visas for Afghan Interpreters Are Running Out
Lawmakers, advocates worry Washington is sending a terrible signal to friends.
The U.S. Embassy in Kabul has officially stopped scheduling interviews for Afghan military interpreters applying to emigrate to the United States.
Afghanistan is not listed in either of U.S. President Donald Trump’s travel bans. Instead, a government program that resettles Afghans who face threats because they worked with U.S. troops has run out of Special Immigrant Visas (SIVs). It’s estimated that more than 10,000 applicants are currently still in line to obtain the visas.
Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.) called for Congress to approve new SIVs and said she would soon introduce new legislation.
“Allowing this program to lapse sends the message to our allies in Afghanistan that the United States has abandoned them,” she said in a statement.
The Afghan SIV program, modeled on a similar one for Iraqi interpreters, has existed since 2009. But advocacy groups have long complained the number of visas was not keeping pace with demand, and that backlogs leave the interpreters in grave danger for years. As U.S. military presence in Afghanistan wound down, interpreters have increasingly been targeted by the Taliban and local militias because of their visibility.
“This is a betrayal of the brave men and women who stood by the side of U.S. armed forces in the face of great personal risk,” said Scott Cooper, founder of Veterans for American Ideals.
On Thursday, a top U.S. general said more U.S. troops would be needed in Afghanistan to battle ISIS and the Taliban and support the government in Kabul, making the issue of translator visas seemingly even more important.
Last year the future of the SIV program — usually uncontroversial in Congress — became embroiled in larger debates over immigration. Despite a concerted push by Shaheen and Sen. John McCain (R.-Ariz.) for legislation to approve 4,000 new visas for Afghans, new SIVs were not included in the annual defense policy bill for the first time.
By the end of the year, Congress did reauthorize the program, but only allotted 1,500 new visas and tightened eligibility. Those visas are running out even as American military official are requesting to increase troops in Afghanistan and the United States is considering deploying more troops to Syria and Iraq.
“Now that the world has seen how we turn our backs on our Afghan allies, there is almost no chance that local allies in Syria will be inclined to work with us,” Mac McEachin, of the International Refugee Assistance Project at the Urban Justice Center, told the New York Times.
The SIV program became a particular focus after Trump’s first sweeping travel ban included Iraqis, affecting interpreters who had already received authorization to move to the United States but were suddenly barred from entering. Under pressure from veterans and Pentagon officials concerned about alienating crucial wartime allies, the Trump administration eventually changed course. Trump’s revised travel ban, scheduled to go into effect on Mar. 16, did not include Iraq on the list of nationalities barred from entering the United States for 90 days.
“It feels like one fight after another to make sure this program isn’t torn apart,” U.S. Congressman Earl Blumenauer (D-OR), said in statement. “We have a bipartisan coalition in the House and Senate that are working to keep these people safe. Yet, Congress is still failing to do its job. It shouldn’t be this hard.”
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