5 Top Reads
Our Top Weekend Reads
Hong Kong protesters face Boomer challenge, UK Labour internal disputes over free movement of people, and Guyana's newfound oil could cause problems later.
Recent municipal elections in Hong Kong last Sunday delivered a resounding victory for pro-democracy candidates. Although this challenges Beijing’s narrative of victory over Hong Kongers, demographic realities will still create problems for the protesters.
Meanwhile, the U.K. election campaign continues apace, and as the parties unveil their election manifestos to the public, the Labour Party must contend with deep internal divisions over fundamental questions about the EU.
And Afghanistan’s elite have backed India in its dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir. But a growing sense of Muslim solidarity among the Afghan public is challenging that position.
Here are Foreign Policy’s top weekend reads.
1. Hao, Boomer!
Demographic changes in the United States after World War II produced the baby-boom generation. China experienced its own population boom, though it occurred some years later. For that reason, Beijing is still controlled by its postwar generation—so while American millennials can realistically expect to take power soon, their Chinese counterparts will have to wait, Salvatore Babones writes.
Recent oil discoveries in Guyana could push the country into the top tier of the world’s oil-producing states, setting it on the path to an economic boom. But past research on other countries links oil extraction to heightened socioeconomic problems such as authoritarianism and gender inequality, and experts fear Guyana could suffer the same fate. The country’s future depends on how the profits from these new oil reserves are managed, Morgan D. Bazilian and Paasha Mahdavi write.
U.S. Navy Secretary Richard Spencer was recently forced out of his post because of his handling of the case of Navy SEAL Eddie Gallagher’s alleged war crimes. U.S. President Donald Trump had long fought with Spencer over his management of the navy, Foreign Policy’s Lara Seligman writes.
The free movement of people lies at the heart of the Brexit debate currently gripping the United Kingdom. For the Labour Party—which takes an officially neutral stance on Brexit—that means reconciling the starkly different views of its younger, metropolitan progressive wing, and those of its older, northern-based working class, James Bloodworth writes.
India’s deep investment in Afghanistan combined with a general sense of animosity toward Pakistan among the Afghan public has created a strong pro-India bias in the country. But Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s unilateral actions against Muslims in Kashmir have caused some Afghans to question their government’s relationship with New Delhi, Hari Prasad and Zoe Leung write.