Arthur R. Kroeber


Arthur R. Kroeber is managing director of GaveKal Dragonomics, an independent global economic research firm, and editor of its journal, China Economic Quarterly.
Articles by Arthur R. Kroeber
HUAIBEI, CHINA - JANUARY 13: (CHINA OUT) An investor observes the stock market on his phone at an exchange hall on January 13, 2016 in Huaibei, Anhui Province of China. The Chinese stock market was volatile on Wednesday as the Shanghai Composite Index dropped 73.26 points, or 2.42% to 2,949.60 points and the Shenzhen Compposite Index tumbled 314.88 points, or 3.06% to 9,978.82 points.  (Photo by ChinaFotoPress/Getty Images)
HUAIBEI, CHINA - JANUARY 13: (CHINA OUT) An investor observes the stock market on his phone at an exchange hall on January 13, 2016 in Huaibei, Anhui Province of China. The Chinese stock market was volatile on Wednesday as the Shanghai Composite Index dropped 73.26 points, or 2.42% to 2,949.60 points and the Shenzhen Compposite Index tumbled 314.88 points, or 3.06% to 9,978.82 points. (Photo by ChinaFotoPress/Getty Images)
This photo taken on May 28, 2015 shows a worker walking past a sculpture of a dragon near rusting pipes at the Shougang Capital Iron and Steel plant in Beijing. Founded in 1919, Shougang was once the largest steel plant in China, with tens of thousands of workers. But the facility was identified as the Chinese capitals biggest polluter and began a gradual shutdown in 2005 as part of an effort to improve air quality ahead of the 2008 Olympics, finally producing its last steel in early 2011. Local officials have said the 8.6 square km (3.3 square mile) facility will be turned into an arts, tourism and finance hub, but progress has been slow and the decaying site is still reportedly blighted by soil pollution built up during the plants industrial heyday.  AFP PHOTO / GREG BAKER        (Photo credit should read GREG BAKER/AFP/Getty Images)
This photo taken on May 28, 2015 shows a worker walking past a sculpture of a dragon near rusting pipes at the Shougang Capital Iron and Steel plant in Beijing. Founded in 1919, Shougang was once the largest steel plant in China, with tens of thousands of workers. But the facility was identified as the Chinese capitals biggest polluter and began a gradual shutdown in 2005 as part of an effort to improve air quality ahead of the 2008 Olympics, finally producing its last steel in early 2011. Local officials have said the 8.6 square km (3.3 square mile) facility will be turned into an arts, tourism and finance hub, but progress has been slow and the decaying site is still reportedly blighted by soil pollution built up during the plants industrial heyday. AFP PHOTO / GREG BAKER (Photo credit should read GREG BAKER/AFP/Getty Images)
Chinese President Xi Jinping stands by national flags at the Schloss Bellevue presidential residency in Berlin on March 28, 2014. Chinese President Xi Jinping begins a landmark visit to fellow export powerhouse Germany Friday, the third leg of his European tour, expected to cement flourishing trade ties and focus on the Crimea crisis.
AFP PHOTO / JOHANNES EISELE        (Photo credit should read JOHANNES EISELE/AFP/Getty Images)
Chinese President Xi Jinping stands by national flags at the Schloss Bellevue presidential residency in Berlin on March 28, 2014. Chinese President Xi Jinping begins a landmark visit to fellow export powerhouse Germany Friday, the third leg of his European tour, expected to cement flourishing trade ties and focus on the Crimea crisis. AFP PHOTO / JOHANNES EISELE (Photo credit should read JOHANNES EISELE/AFP/Getty Images)
A man stands in front of an electronic board displaying financial information in Hong Kong on August 25, 2015.  Hong Kong shares closed 0.72 percent higher on August 25, clawing back early losses after a slump in Chinese shares left global equity markets trembling.      AFP PHOTO / Philippe Lopez        (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE LOPEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
A man stands in front of an electronic board displaying financial information in Hong Kong on August 25, 2015. Hong Kong shares closed 0.72 percent higher on August 25, clawing back early losses after a slump in Chinese shares left global equity markets trembling. AFP PHOTO / Philippe Lopez (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE LOPEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
TO GO WITH China-economy-stocks, FOCUS by Fran Wang
This photo taken on June 26, 2015 shows investors checking the share prices in a stock firm in Fuyang, east China's Anhui province. When China's main share index hit a seven-year high earlier this month, it topped off a run that had seen it more than double in value over the past year, placing it among the world's top performers. AFP PHOTO   CHINA OUT        (Photo credit should read STR/AFP/Getty Images)
TO GO WITH China-economy-stocks, FOCUS by Fran Wang This photo taken on June 26, 2015 shows investors checking the share prices in a stock firm in Fuyang, east China's Anhui province. When China's main share index hit a seven-year high earlier this month, it topped off a run that had seen it more than double in value over the past year, placing it among the world's top performers. AFP PHOTO CHINA OUT (Photo credit should read STR/AFP/Getty Images)
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