The Not-So-Funny Papers
The Not-So-Funny Papers...
When the Soviets invaded Afghanistan in 1979, they expected to bring the country to its knees in a matter of weeks. But Leonid Brezhnev's army was met by a hardy guerrilla resistance that dogged it for nearly a decade until, on Feb. 15, 1989, the last Soviet soldier withdrew through the Salang Tunnel. But if the story of the Afghan resistance is well known, the literature it produced has for the most part been overlooked. Cartoons, in particular, played an important role in countering Soviet propaganda -- and boosting moral among the mujahideen, many of whom were illiterate. These political cartoons, never before published in the Western press, tell the story of the early days of the resistance against the Soviets in Afghanistan. They are part of a collection at the Afghanistan Centre at Kabul University, which is compiling a record of the country's modern history, with a focus on the last 30 years. The collection encompasses everything from 1950s USAID agricultural studies to communist-era propaganda to Taliban-regime proclamations. Above, an Afghan woman in traditional dress holds a green flag bearing the word "jihad." Women played an integral role in the conflict against the Soviets, often acting as messengers and aides to men involved with the resistance.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is likely the most popular elected leader in the world. No other politician has won so many votes in history. Few other incumbent leaders around the world...Show more have such consistently high polling numbers.
And yet a growing number of scholars believe that in the world’s largest democracy, Modi may be dismantling democracy itself. As historian Ramachandra Guha wrote in “The Cult of Modi,” India’s leader has systematically eroded key democratic pillars such as the press, the judiciary, the bureaucracy, and the cabinet.
How exactly has Modi corralled so much power? Why have India’s opposition parties crumbled? What does a changing India mean for the world order? Join FP’s editor in chief, Ravi Agrawal, for a rare in-depth interview with Guha.
Geopolitics dominated the world in 2022, with Russia’s war in Ukraine and competition between the United States and China impacting everything from energy to food to semiconductors.
What t...Show morerends from 2022 will prove enduring? How will foreign policy shape the world in 2023? Join FP’s Ravi Agrawal for a conversation with FP columnist and Harvard University professor Stephen M. Walt. The first part of this exclusive on-demand session will focus on the year that was; the second will look ahead to the next 12 months. Subscribers can send in their questions in advance.