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A military training course in Armenia.
A military training course in Armenia.

Russia Is Worried About Challenges in the Caucasus

The Nagorno-Karabakh war’s aftermath is still impacting Moscow’s plans.

A man in military clothing stands inside the damaged Holy Savior Cathedral in the Nagorno-Karabakh city of Shusha, known as Shushi to Armenians.
A man in military clothing stands inside the damaged Holy Savior Cathedral in the Nagorno-Karabakh city of Shusha, known as Shushi to Armenians.

Cultural Desecration Is Racial Discrimination

A recent International Court of Justice decision regarding Azerbaijan’s actions in Nagorno-Karabakh could offer protection to threatened cultural heritage sites around the world.

The Azerbaijani army patrols the streets of Shusha on Sept. 25 under a sign that reads: "Dear Shusha, you are free. Dear Shusha, we are back. Dear Shusha, we will resurrect you. Shusha is ours."
The Azerbaijani army patrols the streets of Shusha on Sept. 25 under a sign that reads: "Dear Shusha, you are free. Dear Shusha, we are back. Dear Shusha, we will resurrect you. Shusha is ours."

From the Ruins of War, a Tourist Resort Emerges

Shusha was the key to the recent war between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Now Baku wants to turn the fabled fortress town into a resort.

People hold candles during a rally in Yerevan, Armenia, on September 26, 2021. Around 3,000 Armenians marched in capital Yerevan on September 26, 2021, to commemorate the victims of the war with arch-foe Azerbaijan over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region the year before.
People hold candles during a rally in Yerevan, Armenia, on September 26, 2021. Around 3,000 Armenians marched in capital Yerevan on September 26, 2021, to commemorate the victims of the war with arch-foe Azerbaijan over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region the year before.

The U.N. Must Investigate Nagorno-Karabakh War Crimes

Baku and Yerevan are not members of the International Criminal Court. That means an independent international investigation is needed to ensure accountability for atrocities.

A man walks on a bridge decorated with flags of Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh region.
A man walks on a bridge decorated with flags of Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

Peace on Azerbaijan’s Terms Won’t End the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

Baku is attempting to assert sovereignty through force and ethnic cleansing while denying Armenians the right to self-determination.

Former Swiss foreign minister meets with OSCE Minsk Group members.
Former Swiss foreign minister meets with OSCE Minsk Group members.

The Minsk Group Is Meaningless

The OSCE’s peace effort in Nagorno-Karabakh is outdated and unhelpful. Laying it to rest can pave the way for real reconciliation and reconstruction.

Armenians walk past an armored personnel carrier of Russian peacekeepers to visit the Dadivank monastery on the outskirts of Kalbajar in Nagorno-Karabakh on Nov. 18, 2020. The territory has since been transferred to Azerbaijan.
Armenians walk past an armored personnel carrier of Russian peacekeepers to visit the Dadivank monastery on the outskirts of Kalbajar in Nagorno-Karabakh on Nov. 18, 2020. The territory has since been transferred to Azerbaijan.

Nagorno-Karabakh Is Moscow’s Latest Frozen Conflict

Russian peacekeepers have radically reshaped the region.

A Turkish-made Bayraktar TB2 drone flies at Gecitkale military airbase near Famagusta in the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) on December 16, 2019.
A Turkish-made Bayraktar TB2 drone flies at Gecitkale military airbase near Famagusta in the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) on December 16, 2019.

The U.S. Army Goes to School on Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

Off-the-shelf air power changes the battlefield of the future.

Funeral of an Armenian soldier in Yerevan.
Funeral of an Armenian soldier in Yerevan.

Biden Can Help Armenia and Azerbaijan Make Peace. Here’s How.

Four steps Washington can take to facilitate a lasting end to the conflict.

An employee of Angola's national oil company, Sonangol, wears a protective helmet at the Sonangol Luanda Refinery on Oct. 22, 2020.
An employee of Angola's national oil company, Sonangol, wears a protective helmet at the Sonangol Luanda Refinery on Oct. 22, 2020.

Energy Transition Is the Future. National Oil Companies Are Betting on the Past.

State-owned oil companies are on the verge of investing $400 billion in projects incompatible with the Paris Agreement. If they fail, it could spark an emerging market debt crisis.

Men dig a grave in front of mourners at Yerablur Military Memorial Cemetery near Yerevan, Armenia.
Men dig a grave in front of mourners at Yerablur Military Memorial Cemetery near Yerevan, Armenia.

Armenia Buries Its Dead but Can’t Put to Rest the Horrors of Recent War

Armenia’s disastrous loss to Azerbaijan in the six-week war over Nagorno-Karabakh has left another generation scarred—and a future conflict more likely.

Two men have lunch near a car loaded with belongings close to the checkpoint of Russian peacekeepers outside the village of Dadivank in Nagorno-Karabakh on Nov. 23.
Two men have lunch near a car loaded with belongings close to the checkpoint of Russian peacekeepers outside the village of Dadivank in Nagorno-Karabakh on Nov. 23.

Our Top Weekend Reads

Great-power politics in Nagorno-Karabakh, the children of the Islamic State, and the meaning of Moldova’s election result.

mcdonalds-war-apocalypse-golden-arches-theory-friedman-conflict-nicolas-ortega-FF_01
mcdonalds-war-apocalypse-golden-arches-theory-friedman-conflict-nicolas-ortega-FF_01

The Beautiful, Dumb Dream of McDonald’s Peace Theory

In the rich, lazy, and happy 1990s, Americans imagined a world that could be just like them.

A Russian peacekeeper in Nagorno-Karabakh
A Russian peacekeeper in Nagorno-Karabakh

Russian Troops in Nagorno-Karabakh ‘Clearly a Win for Moscow’

The Russian-brokered cease-fire that ended six weeks of fighting means soldiers on the ground—either as peacekeepers or as a vanguard of Putin’s latest garrison state.

Russian peacekeepers patrol the village of Dadivank in Nagorno-Karabakh on Nov. 20.
Russian peacekeepers patrol the village of Dadivank in Nagorno-Karabakh on Nov. 20.

When Great-Power Politics Isn’t Great Enough

Turkey and Russia helped craft a cease-fire in Nagorno-Karabakh. But what they need is a grand bargain for the entire region.

Armenians pack their belongings while leaving their house in the town of Kalbajar, one of the seven districts to be transferred to Azerbaijan as part of a deal on Nagorno-Karabakh, on Nov. 12.
Armenians pack their belongings while leaving their house in the town of Kalbajar, one of the seven districts to be transferred to Azerbaijan as part of a deal on Nagorno-Karabakh, on Nov. 12.

For Armenians Fleeing Nagorno-Karabakh, ‘Losing It Is Everything’

After a bitter peace ended six weeks of war, Armenians torched their houses, slaughtered their animals, and wondered what would come next.

Protesters storm the office of Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan
Protesters storm the office of Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan

Armenians Rage Against Last-Minute Peace Deal

People trashed the parliament and stormed the presidential palace after Armenia’s PM bowed to the inevitable.

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