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Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis (L) and then-Bulgarian Prime Minister Kiril Petkov take part in the inauguration ceremony of the Interconnector Greece-Bulgaria (ICGB) gas pipeline, in Komotini, Greece, on July 8.
Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis (L) and then-Bulgarian Prime Minister Kiril Petkov take part in the inauguration ceremony of the Interconnector Greece-Bulgaria (ICGB) gas pipeline, in Komotini, Greece, on July 8.

Energy Is Pulling Bulgaria Back Into Russia’s Orbit

After a break with Moscow, the new caretaker government in Sofia is poised to realign with the Kremlin by signing a new contract with Gazprom.

People are seen walking on the streets of Sarajevo
People are seen walking on the streets of Sarajevo

Meet the Bosnian Youth Trying to Hold Their Country Together

Postwar Bosnia remains deeply divided. These young people are trying to change that.

A Marshall Islands-flagged carrier transits the Bosphorus.
A Marshall Islands-flagged carrier transits the Bosphorus.

Turkey Is the Biggest Swing Player in the Russia-Ukraine War

Ankara has used its unique position for a strategic advantage.

A pedestrian walks past a partly vandalized mural depicting Russian President Vladimir Putin in Belgrade, Serbia, on June 2.
A pedestrian walks past a partly vandalized mural depicting Russian President Vladimir Putin in Belgrade, Serbia, on June 2.

Serbia Is Playing With Matches Again

Brinkmanship over Kosovo, footsie with Moscow, and friction with Brussels are par for the course for Belgrade.

Victory Party Chairman Umit Ozdag speaks to the media during an attempted march in front of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
Victory Party Chairman Umit Ozdag speaks to the media during an attempted march in front of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.

Turkey’s Far Right Has Already Won

The anti-immigration firebrand Umit Ozdag might not win a seat in parliament, but he’s shifted the national debate on refugees by vowing to expel them.

A woman wearing a headscarf crouches in a prayer position with her palms raised between two gravestones.
A woman wearing a headscarf crouches in a prayer position with her palms raised between two gravestones.
North Macedonian Prime Minister Dimitar Kovacevski
North Macedonian Prime Minister Dimitar Kovacevski

EU Enlargement Is Broken in the Balkans

Ukraine and Moldova are shortlisted for the European Union. Ask North Macedonia how that went.

A close up of Erdogan's face is shown with the NATO logo behind it.
A close up of Erdogan's face is shown with the NATO logo behind it.

What Erdogan Gets by Being a Spoiler in NATO

Being disruptive in the alliance is a good political strategy for Turkey’s leader.

Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is greeted by NATO Secretary General during the NATO summit at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) headquarters in Brussels on June 14, 2021.
Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is greeted by NATO Secretary General during the NATO summit at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) headquarters in Brussels on June 14, 2021.

What Turkey Wants

Erdogan could force Finland’s and Sweden’s NATO bids to the wire—and perhaps beyond.

Protester holds scarf reading "Macedonia" during the demonstration organized by opposition party VMRO-DPMNE in front of the Macedonian Government building in capital Skopje on Nov. 28, 2020.
Protester holds scarf reading "Macedonia" during the demonstration organized by opposition party VMRO-DPMNE in front of the Macedonian Government building in capital Skopje on Nov. 28, 2020.

How Biden Can Thwart Putin Loyalists in Bulgaria

Pro-Russian nationalists are close to taking power in Sofia. Washington can weaken them by offering recognition of North Macedonia’s nationhood.

Erdogan in Albania
Erdogan in Albania

Why the West Should Make Peace With Erdogan Now

He is the one unsavory character the West urgently needs better relations with.

Two women stand in a street with strollers and four children.
Two women stand in a street with strollers and four children.

Will Turkey Expel Its Syrian Refugees?

Nearly 4 million refugees are caught in the crossfire of Ankara’s heated domestic politics.

British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss (left) and members of Bosnia and Herzegovina's tripartite Presidency Sefik Dzaferovic (center) and Milorad Dodik (right
British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss (left) and members of Bosnia and Herzegovina's tripartite Presidency Sefik Dzaferovic (center) and Milorad Dodik (right

The U.K.’s Bold Bosnia Policy Slaps Down Russian-Backed Separatists

Sarajevo’s hopes of NATO accession are growing as London steps in.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan delivers a speech during a group meeting of his Justice and Development Party at the Turkish Grand National Assembly in Ankara, Turkey, on May 18.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan delivers a speech during a group meeting of his Justice and Development Party at the Turkish Grand National Assembly in Ankara, Turkey, on May 18.

Why Has Erdogan Ramped Up Turkey’s Clash With the PKK?

Intensifying conflict with the Kurdish armed movement in Iraq and Syria will likely improve his chances of reelection.

Vucic and Merkel, each behind a podium, smile at one another. The German flag can be seen behind Merkel.
Vucic and Merkel, each behind a podium, smile at one another. The German flag can be seen behind Merkel.

The False Promise of Europeanization

Central Europe and the Balkans expose the failures of European integration.

Serbian Army soldiers fire artillery on the eve of Serbia's Statehood Day in Belgrade on Feb. 14.
Serbian Army soldiers fire artillery on the eve of Serbia's Statehood Day in Belgrade on Feb. 14.

Serbia’s Arms Deals Show It’s Tilting Away From Russia and Toward China

Belgrade’s purchase of FK-3 air defense systems from Beijing marks a shift in Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic’s diplomatic and defense policy.

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