People gather to celebrate the return of the formerly banned anti-government group the Oromo Liberation Front at Mesquel Square in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on Sept. 15, 2018.

Don’t Let Ethiopia Become the Next Yugoslavia

Federations of ethnonational states can become explosive during moments of political liberalization. Abiy Ahmed must tread carefully to avoid a Balkan nightmare.

Milorad Dodik delivers a speech in the northern Bosnian town of Doboj on Oct. 7. (Elvis Barukcic AFP/Getty Images)

One of Bosnia’s New Presidents May Want to Break the Country Apart

Dodik campaigned on independence for Republika Srpska. Will Putin help him get his way?

Bosnian Serb supporters of leftist parties hold up images of Russian President Vladimir Putin during a rally in support of the government in Banja Luka on May 14, 2016. (Elvis Barukcic/AFP/Getty Images)

Putin Is Building a Bosnian Paramilitary Force

With elections approaching in October, Russia has ramped up its support for Bosnia's Serb separatists.

Bosnian lovers Admira Ismic (L) and Bosko Brckic, who were shot dead while trying to escape the besieged capital last week and whose bodies lay embraced in a riverfront no-man's land for 5 days, are pictured in a photograph taken on Sarajevo's Miljacka River just after their high school graduation in 1985 - PBEAHUNJDBR

In Bosnia, Forgetting Could Mean a Brighter Future

The debate over whether to build an official memorial to Sarajevo's Romeo and Juliet, murdered in 1993, exposes the pain and peril of dwelling on the past.

Supporters of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan wave the Turkish national flag during a pre-election rally in Sarajevo, on May 20. (Oliver Bunic/AFP/Getty Images)

Erdogan Is Making the Ottoman Empire Great Again

Turkey is leveraging tradition to expand its power in Europe — but the history cuts both ways.

Syrians walk amid the rubble of destroyed buildings following reported air strikes by regime forces in the rebel-held area of Douma, east of the capital Damascus, on August 30, 2015. More than 240,000 people have been killed since Syria's conflict began in March 2011, and half of the country's population has been displaced by the war. AFP PHOTO / ABD DOUMANY / AFP / ABD DOUMANY        (Photo credit should read ABD DOUMANY/AFP/Getty Images)

There Are No Real ‘Safe Zones’ and There Never Have Been

Recent history shows that Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s plan to create “interim zones of stability” in Syria won’t actually help save civilian lives.


Around the World in 40 Books

Headed to Rio, Paris, or Cape Town this summer? We asked distinguished writers and thinkers to pick their favorite books about 20 of the world’s great cities.

Ljubljana, SLOVENIA:  Andreja Bajuk, Slovenian Finance Minister, shows Euros just changed at a bank machine from Slovenian Tolars into Euros, in Ljubljana 01 January 2007. Slovenia became the 13th member of the eurozone adopting the Euro today, as a first former communist state which joined the European Union?s common currency.  AFP PHOTO/ Stringer    (Photo credit should read -/AFP/Getty Images)

Bosnian Man: I Will Kill Myself if Slovenia Does Not Pay Back Its Debt

Slovenia owes Bosnians a lot of money. But threatening suicide on the roof of a government building might not be what prompts it to pay up.

Bosnian Serb wartime leader Radovan Karadzic appears in the courtroom for his appeals judgement at the International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague, The Netherlands, on July 11 2013. AFP PHOTO/ POOL/MICHAEL KOOREN        (Photo credit should read )

Criminal in the Hague, but Not in Republika Srpska

The autonomous Serbian government in Bosnia is questioning the war crimes verdict against its former president.

Bosnian Serb wartime leader Radovan Karadzic sits in the courtroom for the reading of his verdict at the International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague, on March 24, 2016.
The former Bosnian-Serbs leader is indicted for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.  / AFP / POOL / Robin van Lonkhuijsen / Netherlands OUT        (Photo credit should read ROBIN VAN LONKHUIJSEN/AFP/Getty Images)

Radovan Karadzic and the (Very) Long Arc of Justice

It has been more than two decades since the “Butcher of Bosnia” committed his crimes. Why was he convicted only now?

Serbian nationalist politician Vojislav Seselj (R) surrounded by his supporters holds a burning NATO flag during an anti-government rally on March 24, 2015, in front of the building of the former federal Interior Ministry in Belgrade, which was destroyed during the 1999 NATO air campaign against Serbia and Montenegro. AFP PHOTO / ANDREJ ISAKOVIC        (Photo credit should read )

When a Serbian Warlord Celebrates His Escape from Justice, He Burns EU Flags

Despite overseeing the torture, sexual assault, and deaths of hundreds of civilians, Vojislav Seselj is still on the lam.

GettyImages-56418665 crop

Dayton Ain’t Going Nowhere

The Dayton Agreement was meant to end a war, not govern a state. But now, 20 years later, Bosnia is still stuck with it.

A Bosnian Muslim woman, survivor of Srebrenica atrocities in 1995, Sehida Abdurahmanovic, arrives at Potocari memorial cemetery, near Srebrenica, on March 31, 2010, to visit graves and pay her respects to relatives, victims of the Bosnian-Serb ofensive in July 1995. Serbia's Srebrenica apology on Wednesday March 31 met with bitterness and cynicism in Bosnia where Muslim survivors of the massacre slammed Belgrade for dodging the term genocide and Bosnian Serbs felt betrayed. AFP PHOTO / ELVIS BARUKCIC (Photo credit should read ELVIS BARUKCIC/AFP/Getty Images)

The Bosnian War Cables

The 20th anniversary of the Dayton Peace Accords is a time to reflect on the power of American diplomacy. But it is also a time for a reckoning of America’s dismal diplomatic response to genocide in the heart of Europe.

MOSTAR, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - JUNE 28:  A cat walks near the Old Bridge in front of a sign "Don't Forget" as the city of Mostar remembers the 1993 conflict on June 28, 2013 in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Siege of Mostar peaked in 1993 during the Croat-Bosniak conflict lasting eighteen months as fighting took place as Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence from Yugoslavia. The city was divided in half between the two battling armies. Mostar, dating back over four hundred years, was mostly destroyed through the fighting. Although reconstruction has slowly commenced in the last decades, evidence of the war remains in bullet ravaged buildings still standing throughout the city.   (Photo by Marco Secchi/Getty Images)

The Town Dayton Turned Into a Garbage Dump

Twenty years after Bosnia's peace deal, Mostar -- once an emblem of hope -- has become a symbol of stagnation: Croats on one side, Bosniaks on the other, and rats everywhere.

Canadian blue helmets check their weapons, 17 April 1993 near Tuzla's airport, waiting to depart for the Moslem enclave of Srebrenica, where some 30000 refugees hope to be evacuated from. (Photo credit should read PASCAL GUYOT/AFP/Getty Images)

Syrian Ghosts

What the Balkans can teach us about how to end the conflict in the Levant.

Milorad Dodik, newly elected President of the Republic of Srpska (R) kisses the Bosnian Serb flag, during an official inauguration ceremony at the National Assembly in Western-Bosnian town of Banja Luka, on November 15, 2010. AFP PHOTO MILAN RADULOVIC (Photo credit should read MILAN RADULOVIC/AFP/Getty Images)

Is War About to Break Out in the Balkans?

After 20 years of peace, Republika Srpska threatens to tear apart the agreement that has held Bosnia together. The West must stop it.

Bosnian Muslims carry body caskets of their relatives killed during Srebrenica 1995 massacre as they prepare for mass burial at a memorial cemetery in the village of Potocari near the eastern Bosnian town of Srebrenica on July 11, 2013. Bosnia buried 409 victims of the Srebrenica massacre on July 11, including a newborn baby, on the 18th anniversary of the worst slaughter in post-war Europe. More than 15,000 people travelled to Potocari, near Srebrenica to attend the mass funeral of victims whose remains were found in mass graves and only identified almost two decades after the 1995 killing.  AFP PHOTO / ELVIS BARUKCIC        (Photo credit should read ELVIS BARUKCIC/AFP/Getty Images)

In the Shadow of Genocide

Twenty years after the massacre, Bosnian Muslims are moving back to Srebrenica. But surrounded by people who deny the terrible crimes of the past, they fear for their safety -- and the future of their divided country.

<> on July 10, 2011 in Potocari, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The Shame of Srebrenica

The massacre shaped the thinking of a generation of U.S. foreign-policy makers like me. And it still looms over our choices, from Iraq to Libya to Syria.

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