civil military relations

A man reads the Reporter, an Ethiopian newspaper, depicting the portraits of Ambachew Mekonnen, the president of the country’s Ahmara region, and of Gen. Seare Mekonnen, the chief of staff of the Ethiopian National Defense Force, in Addis Ababa on June 24.

Ethiopia Is at a ‘Very Critical Juncture’

After high-level assassinations, the country may still be in danger, says Human Rights Watch expert Felix Horne.

Sudanese protesters gather for a sit-in outside military headquarters in Khartoum on May 15.

‘The Possibility of Violence Is Very Real’

Sudan’s transition hangs in the balance, says Zachariah Mampilly, an expert on protest movements and African politics.

Gen. Mohamed Hamdan “Hemeti” Dagalo, the deputy head of Sudan’s military council, speaks at a news conference in Khartoum on April 30.

The Man Who Terrorized Darfur Is Leading Sudan’s Supposed Transition

The interim vice president, Mohamed Hamdan “Hemeti” Dagalo, was in charge of the brutal janjaweed militias. Now he is calling the shots in Khartoum.

Activists of the Pashtun Protection Movement protest against the arrest of their activists and leaders in Karachi on Feb. 10.

The Pakistani Military’s Worst Nightmare Is Coming True

A human rights movement from Waziristan is finally bringing the country together to challenge the brass.

Pakistan Air Force cadets march next to the mausoleum of the country’s founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, to mark Defense Day in Karachi on Sept. 6, 2018. (Asif Hassan/AFP/Getty Images)

Poor Nation, Rich Army

This Republic Day, Pakistan should consider why it remains underdeveloped as its military booms.

U.S. President Donald Trump and then-Defense Secretary James Mattis attend a cabinet meeting in the White House on March 8, 2018. (Michael Reynolds-Pool/Getty Images)

Mattis Was the Best Secretary of Defense Trump Could Have Had

In grading him, we must adjust for the difficulty of the assignment.

U.S. Marines patrol on April 1, 2009 through Now Zad in Helmand province, Afghanistan.

Why America Lost in Afghanistan

Successive U.S. administrations failed to heed the lessons of a forgotten counterinsurgency success story from Vietnam.

Potential U.S. Secretary of Defense Jim Webb, pictured here in his first year as a U.S. senator, takes questions during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington on July 18, 2007. (Alex Wong/Getty Images)

Why Jim Webb Might Be Trump’s Ideal Secretary of Defense

His many controversial comments often align with the president’s views.

U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis arrives for a closed intelligence briefing at the U.S. Capitol on December 13, 2018 in Washington, DC. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)

Mattis’s Resignation Isn’t a Crisis Yet—But It Probably Will Be

The U.S. secretary of defense was right to resign in protest, but Trump can’t handle the consequences.

U.S. President Donald Trump hosts a reception with Secretary of Defense James Mattis in the East Room of the White House on October 25, 2018.

Americans’ Blind Faith in the Military Is Dangerous

U.S. citizens show deference to the armed forces regardless of their political persuasion. Their willingness to let the generals decide is a threat to the democratic tradition of civilian oversight.

Joe Raedle/Getty Images/Foreign Policy illustration

America’s Elite Needs to Get Back in Uniform

Military service is a unifying force in a time of deep division.

(Foreign Policy illustration)

Military Worship Hurts U.S. Democracy

Battlefield experience shouldn’t trump the outsider benefits of civilian leadership.

Anti-government demonstrators hold a protest demanding Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega and his wife, Vice President Rosario Murillo, to stand down, in Managua on May 26, 2018.

Can Nicaragua’s Military Prevent a Civil War?

President Daniel Ortega’s crackdown on protests has driven the country to the brink. If the violence escalates, it could spark a refugee crisis and destabilize all of Central America.

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