Cold War

President Donald Trump, first lady Melania Trump, former President Barack Obama, former first lady Michelle Obama, former President Bill Clinton and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton listen during a state funeral for former U.S. President George H. W. Bush at the Washington National Cathedral on Dec. 5, 2018 in Washington, DC. (Alex Brandon/Getty Images)

The Death of Global Order Was Caused by Clinton, Bush, and Obama

America’s post-Cold War presidents could have taken a road that didn’t end at Donald Trump.

U.S. President George H.W. Bush in the White House on Sept. 27, 1991 (Luke Frazza/AFP/Getty Images)

 George H.W. Bush’s Misunderstood Presidency

The late 41st U.S. president’s prudence was once derided as the wimp factor, but it has aged well.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan shaking hands with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev at the Kremlin Place prior to their last summit meeting on June 1, 1988.

What Would Reagan Do on Iran?

If Washington wants to pressure Tehran, the White House should stop alienating allies, empowering hard-liners, and harming regular Iranians.

Joan Wong illustration for Foreign Policy; David Hume Kennerly/Getty Images/Dirck Halstead/Liaison via Getty Images/AFP/Getty Images/Corbis via Getty Images

Thank You, Jimmy Carter

Restoring the reputation of America’s most underrated foreign-policy president.

Photograph of Judith Shklar, March 1972. UAV 605.295.11, Box 3.  Harvard University Archives.

Who’s Afraid of Judith Shklar?

Meet the American philosopher who showed that Western politics could only move forward by first taking a step backward.

Russian Matryoshka dolls depicting Russian President Vladimir Putin and US President Donald Trump are on sale in the Ruslania book store in Helsinki on July 9. (Timo Jaakonaho/AFP/Getty Images)

The Trump-Putin Summit’s Potential Nuclear Fallout

When the U.S. and Russian presidents meet in Helsinki, the biggest risk won't be on everyone's radar.

Foreign Policy illustration

What a Secret Cold War Game of Nuclear Hide-and-Seek Teaches Us About North Korean Verification

Making sure that Pyongyang actually destroys its nuclear weapons may be impossible.

Vladimir Putin talks to former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev before a press conference in Germany. (JOCHEN LUEBKE/AFP/Getty Images)

I Knew the Cold War. This Is No Cold War.

Everyone's favorite historical analogy makes for disastrous foreign policy today.

Russian President Vladimir Putin on a computer screen in an internet cafe in Moscow. (DENIS SINYAKOV/AFP/Getty Images)

I’m Sorry for Creating the ‘Gerasimov Doctrine’

I was the first to write about Russia’s infamous high-tech military strategy. One small problem: it doesn't exist.

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson at the United Nations on Dec. 15, 2017. (Drew Angerer/Getty Images)

The State Department Needs Rehab

American diplomacy is losing its battle with the Trump administration — but it can still win the war.

Chinese President Xi Jinping speaks at the opening session of the 19th Communist Party Congress in Beijing on Oct. 18, 2017. (Kevin Frayer/Getty Images)

Globalization Has Created a Chinese Monster

Xi Jinping's dictatorship isn't what the end of history was supposed to look like.

U.S. President Donald Trump shakes hands with National Security Advisor Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster on February 20. (Nicholas Kamm/AFP/Getty Images)

Grand Strategy Is Overrated

Why President Trump shouldn’t necessarily heed the long-term vision of his own National Security Strategy.

TOPSHOT - Visitor looks the names on the wall of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington DC, May 28, 2017. 
Motorcyclists are in Washington for the traditional annual Rolling Thunder ahead of Memorial Day, May 29. / AFP PHOTO / Jose Luis Magana        (Photo credit should read JOSE LUIS MAGANA/AFP/Getty Images)

Great Powers Are Defined by Their Great Wars

Even the most rational leaders are influenced by the power of collective memory.

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The Secret History of Diplomats and Invisible Weapons

The alleged use of a “sound weapon” against U.S. Embassy officials in Cuba harks back to a Cold War medical mystery.

PLESETSK, RUSSIAN FEDERATION: File photo shows Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) watching a launch,18 February 2004 at the Artic cosmodrome in Plesetsk. Russia has frozen its participation in a key arms control treaty that limits the deployment of military forces in Europe, the Kremlin announced 14 July 2007. President Vladimir Putin signed a decree halting Russia's application of the 1990 Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) arms control treaty due to "exceptional circumstances ... broaching on the security of the Russian Federation," the statement said.   AFP PHOTO / MAXIM MARMUR (Photo credit should read MAXIM MARMUR/AFP/Getty Images)

Is the U.S. Ready for Russia’s Largest Military Exercises Since the Cold War?

Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland are bracing for the appearance of up to 100,000 Russian troops in Belarus and western Russia.

This picture taken on May 18, 2017, shows police officers investigating an alleged drug dealer killed by unidentified gunman in Manila.
President Rodrigo Duterte swept to an election victory last year largely on a pledge to wipe out his nation's illegal drugs trade within three to six months, saying he would do so by killing thousands of people. Duterte fulfilled his vow on the death toll, drawing condemnation from rights groups who warned he may be orchestrating a crime against humanity as police and unknown assassins filled slums with bullet-ridden corpses. / AFP PHOTO / NOEL CELIS        (Photo credit should read NOEL CELIS/AFP/Getty Images)

Duterte’s Death Squads Were Born in America’s Cold War

The Philippines' new "war on drugs" is claiming thousands of lives. But the culture of vigilante violence started with anti-communism.

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The Bookshelf: FP Staffers Review the New Releases

Just in time for the holiday break, FP returns to reviewing new and upcoming titles on all aspects of international affairs.

Debris cover a street and flames rise from a building following a reported air strike by Syrian government forces on March 7, 2014 during the Friday prayer in the Sukkari neighborhood of the northern city of Aleppo. More than 140,000 people have been killed in Syria since the start of a March 2011 uprising against the Assad family's 40-year rule. AFP PHOTO / BARAA AL-HALABI        (Photo credit should read BARAA AL-HALABI/AFP/Getty Images)

The World Is Even Less Stable Than It Looks

Chaos is spreading – and that’s even before getting to America’s lack of competent leadership.

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