communism

A footbridge over the Nujiang River near Bingzhongluo, in Nujiang prefecture, China, on April 10. The bridge links the increasingly modern village of Bingzhongluo with a group of subsistence agricultural communities found at higher altitudes. (Edward Cavanough for Foreign Policy)

Nowhere to Run in Xi’s China

The Chinese leader’s cult reaches into the most remote regions of the country.

(Etienne Oliveau/Getty Images/Foreign Policy illustration)

China’s Great Leap Backward

For decades, the country managed to avoid most problems suffered by dictatorships. Now Xi Jinping’s personal power play risks undermining everything that made China exceptional.

A Maoist state-level conference in a Jharkhand forest in 2010. (Alpa Shah)

India’s Aging Guerrillas Still Believe in the Struggle

As India’s police conjure up the specter of urban Maoist terror, the real insurgency remains deep in the jungle.

The leader of the far-right League party, Matteo Salvini (R), embraces Silvio Berlusconi during a joint press conference in Rome on March 1, 2018.

In Italy, a Right-Wing Spin Doctor Repents

How Silvio Berlusconi’s top propagandist become one of Matteo Salvini’s toughest critics.

Hundreds of thousands of Indian Trinamool Congress Party (TMC) supporters attend a mass meeting addressed by West Bengal chief minister and TMC chief Mamata Banerjee in Kolkata on July 21, 2016.
(DIBYANGSHU SARKAR/AFP/Getty Images)

India’s Secularists Have an Authoritarianism Problem

Indians are increasingly forced to choose between Hindu nationalism and egalitarian dictatorship.

Raul Castro talks with First Vice President Miguel Diaz Canel, during the homage for the 50th anniversary of Ernesto "Che" Guevara's death, in Santa Clara, Cuba, on Oct. 8, 2017. (YAMIL LAGE/AFP/Getty Images)

Cuban Communism Is at Its Reform-or-Die Moment

The country’s first non-Castro president in over 50 years has only one path to legitimacy.

A scene from "Babylon Berlin," now streaming on Netflix. (Beta Film)

German TV Is Sanitizing History

A new wave of historical dramas is telling the wrong stories about the country’s past.

The Young Karl Marx. (Frederic Batier/Agat Film/Velvet Film)

How to Make Karl Marx Sexy

The philosophy of economics doesn’t make for a good movie. It gets easier if you drop the philosophy and the economics.

Chinese President Xi Jinping speaks at the opening session of the 19th Communist Party Congress in Beijing on Oct. 18, 2017. (Kevin Frayer/Getty Images)

Globalization Has Created a Chinese Monster

Xi Jinping's dictatorship isn't what the end of history was supposed to look like.

A behind the scenes tour at CERN, the world's largest particle physics laboratory on April 19, 2017 in Meyrin, Switzerland. (Dean Mouhtaropoulos/Getty Images)

The Future of Particle Physics Will Live and Die in China

China's next-generation supercollider will unlock secrets of the universe — and destroy the ideals of the scientists running it.

Chongqing Communist Party Secretary Chen Miner attends the 19th Party Congress in Beijing on Oct. 19. (Lintao Zhang/Getty Images)

Xi Jinping Has Quietly Chosen His Own Successor

Meet Chen Miner, the man who has been getting groomed to run China — without anyone in the West seeming to notice.

Chinese President Xi Jinping waves upon his arrival at Hamburg Airport for the G20 economic summit on July 6. (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

1.3 Billion People Are in One Man’s Grip

Why Xi Jinping will dominate this week's 19th Party Congress and what it means for China's future.

NEW YORK, UNITED STATES:  Julius (R, 1918-53) and Ethel Rosenberg (L, 1915-53) are seated in a police van in 1953 in New York shortly before their execution for espionage. Rosenberg, husband and wife, joined the US Communist Party, and were convicted of being part of a transatlantic spy ring uncovered after the trial of Klaus Fuchs in Britain. They were found guilty in a highly controversial trial of passing on atomic secrets to the Soviet Union and became the first US civilians to be executed for espionage in Sing Sing Prison 19 June 1953. (Photo credit should read AFP/AFP/Getty Images)

The Sins of the Father Shall Not Be Visited on the Son

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg's son has devoted his life to aiding children of imprisoned radical leftists. And his work is about to become more urgent than ever.

Russian American heavyweight mixed martial artist Jeff Monson attends a wreath-laying ceremony to Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin's mausoleum marking his birthday at Red Square in Moscow on April 22, 2016. / AFP / YURI KADOBNOV        (Photo credit should read YURI KADOBNOV/AFP/Getty Images)

A Fellow Traveler Enters the Moscow Cage Match

American MMA fighter Jeff Monson is a posterboy for the Russian Communist Party's propaganda push. But he may be a pawn in a larger game.

(FILES) A picture taken in Moscow on August 20, 1991 shows a group of Yeltsin supporters, including a Soviet colonel with the Russian flag, walking towards the Russian Parliament, as thousands of Muscovites are gathering around the building to support President of Russian Federation Boris Yeltsin to protest against the toppling of Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev by communist hardliners early on August 19. AFP PHOTO / MICHAEL EVSTAFIEV        (Photo credit should read )

Even Vladimir Putin Cannot Kill the Russian Revolution

Twenty-five years after the great revolution that toppled the Soviet regime, the spirit of dignity and freedom still burns.

ERIE, PA - AUGUST 12: Republican presidential candidate  Donald Trump gestures as he arrives to speak to supporters at a rally at Erie Insurance Arena on August 12, 2016 in Erie, Pennsylvania. Trump continues to campaign for his run for president of the United States. (Photo by )

Trump’s ‘Ideology Test’ Could Bring Back a Hated McCarthy-era Law

Donald Trump's plan would dredge up a Cold War-era law that critics say betrayed U.S. values without improving security.

Members of Islamic Defenders Front (PFI) shout slogan during a rally to an anti-communism campaign in Jakarta, Indonesia, on June 03, 2016. On May, Indonesia goverment held a historic symposium on the 1965 mass killings that was seen as the first step into some form of reconciliation between the government and the 500 thousand to 1 million victims of an anti-communist purge and their families. This sparked an anti-communist panic in Indonesia, stirred up largely by military officials and extremist groups.  (Photo by Agoes Rudianto/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

Indonesia’s Gotta Catch All the Communists

A red scare is sweeping Indonesia, digging up the ghosts of the 1965-1966 mass killings, and threatening a fragile democracy.

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Obama’s Cuba Reset Is Now in the Hands of Congress. Too Bad It Won’t Budge.

President Obama's Cuba visit marks his last tool to restore diplomatic relations with Cuba.

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(FILES) This file photo taken on April 15, 2012 shows North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un saluting as he watches a military parade to mark 100 years since the birth of the country's founder and his grandfather, Kim Il-Sung, in Pyongyang. He lacks the toned physique of an Olympian but "dear respected" leader Kim Jong-Un will be the inspiration when North Korea's athletes go for gold at the London Olympics.  North Korea are aiming for a record number of medals in London in what would be a timely boost for Kim, the new face of the country's ruling dynasty and its all-pervasive personality cult.      AFP PHOTO / FILES / Ed Jones        (Photo credit should read Ed Jones/AFP/GettyImages)

Communism Wins Again: North Korea Invents Hangover-Free Alcohol

Scientists in North Korea claim they have invented hangover-free alcohol.

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