European Union

Gen. Charles de Gaulle leads a triumphant procession down Champs-Élysées as part of the celebration of the liberation of Paris. To the right of de Gaulle is Gen. Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, commander of the French Armored Division. (Bettmann Archive/Getty Images)

The European Union Needs Its Own Charles de Gaulle

There’s nothing wrong with today’s EU that France’s legendary 20th-century leader didn’t see coming—and didn’t try to fix when he had the chance.

Somali soldiers patrol Sanguuni military base south of Mogadishu, Somalia, on June 13. (Mohamed Abdiwahab/AFP/Getty Images)

Somalia Is a Country Without an Army

The United Nations and foreign powers claim they are dedicated to building up the Somali National Army. Instead, they have become complicit in its dysfunction.

An Iranian military truck carries missiles past a portrait of Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei during a parade on the occasion of the country's annual army day on April 18, 2018 in Tehran.

How to Strike a Missile Deal With Iran

Tehran will never give up all of its ballistic missiles, but a compromise is possible.

A preserved human specimen plays chess at the Plastinarium in Guben, Germany on Nov. 16, 2006. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images)

Trump Is Losing His Own 3D Chess Game

Trade is a complex global system. The White House has misidentified the problem—and created much bigger ones.

Auto workers rally against the Trump administration’s proposed auto tariffs in Washington on July 19. (Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

Trump’s Trade Wars Are Bad. They Could Soon Get a Lot Worse.

Possible auto tariffs weigh on Trump’s meeting with the European Commission president on Wednesday.

Radoslaw Sikorski, a former Polish minister of foreign affairs and defense, in Krakow, Poland, on December 17, 2017.  (Beata Zawrzel/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

‘We Have No Idea What President Trump Would Do in a Crisis with Russia.’

Poland’s former defense and foreign minister explains how Trump left Eastern Europe in the lurch.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and U.S. President Donald Trump speak to the press after a bilateral meeting on the sidelines of the NATO summit in Brussels on July 11. (Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images)

Trump’s Performance in Helsinki Shouldn’t Have Come as a Surprise

U.S. allies in Europe are resigned to a trans-Atlantic relationship that keeps getting worse.

Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel greets German Chancellor Angela Merkel for a working dinner in Brussels on July 11, 2018, during the NATO summit.

Europe Should Call Trump’s Bluff

Spending 4 percent of the EU’s GDP on defense would boost sagging economies and protect the continent at a time when U.S. leadership is lacking.

Pouneh Mirlou illustration for Foreign Policy

Pride and Prejudice in Tehran

To understand Iran’s foreign policy, you need to learn a little Farsi.

Britain's then-foreign secretary Boris Johnson, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May, and U.S. President Donald Trump arrive for a working dinner meeting at the NATO summit at the NATO headquarters, in Brussels, on May 25, 2017.

Boris Johnson’s Great Leap Forward

Britain’s conservatives were once known for sensible stewardship of the economy. Now, the Tory Maoists are blowing it up.

A man protests against Brexit outside the Houses of Parliament in London July 5. (Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)

‘Take Back Control’? Brexit Is Tearing Britain Apart

Prime Minister Theresa May thinks it’s her duty to deliver Brexit, but the outcome could entail splitting her party and impoverishing Britain.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel stepping out of a 212 A submarine of the German Marine in Rostock Warnemuende, northeastern Germany. (JENS BUETTNER/AFP/Getty Images)

3 Versions of Europe Are Collapsing at the Same Time

Post-1945, post-1968, and post-1989 Europe are all different — and none of them make sense anymore.

Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz at the Federal Chancellery on July 5, 2018 in Vienna, Austria. (Michael Gruber/Getty Images)

The Future of Europe, for Better or Worse, Is Sebastian Kurz

Austria's chancellor thinks he's cracked the code for neutralizing populists — by cooperating with them.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel chats with sailors of the German Navy while she visited the "Braunschweig" warship on January 19, 2016 in Kiel, Germany.

Trump Is Right About Germany’s Low-Energy Military

Berlin needs to spend more on defense, but the U.S. president's public demands are making it politically impossible.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron listen to Donald Trump on May 26, 2017 in Sicily. (MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)

The EU and NATO and Trump — Oh My!

Donald Trump’s trans-Atlantic policy is a contradiction in terms.

The first migrants from the Aquarius, a ship that was turned away by Italy and Malta sparking a major migration row in Europe, disembarked at the Spanish port of Valencia on June 17, 2018.

Spain Rescued a Ship. It Won’t Rescue Europe.

The new Spanish prime minister has refused to follow Italy in a race to the bottom, but that doesn’t mean that Madrid will lead the EU to adopt more humane migration policies.

Austria's Interior Minister Herbert Kickl (L), Italy's Interior Minister and deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini (R) and Austria's Vice Chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache (C) arrive to give a joint press conference at the end of their meeting at the Viminale palace in Rome on June 20, 2018.

Eastern Europe’s Populists Don’t Care About Italy

Matteo Salvini wants to be buddies with anti-immigrant leaders in Hungary, Poland, and Austria. But sometimes geography trumps ideology.

Johannes Eisele/AFP/Getty Images/Foreign Policy illustration

State of the Trade Wars

Tracking U.S. President Donald Trump’s tariffs — and the retaliatory measures other countries are taking.

Markus Söder of the Bavarian Christian Social Union and the new governor of Bavaria conducts a  brass band at the Bavarian state parliament on March 16, 2018 in Munich, Germany.

How Far Will Bavaria’s CSU Go to Fend Off Germany’s Far-Right?

Angela Merkel’s sister party, the Christian Social Union, is taking an extreme line on refugees and threatening to bring down her coalition.

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