France

The dollar’s dominant role in the global financial system, and thus U.S. sanctions power, is driving the search for alternatives. (Matt Cardy/Getty Images)

The Buck Stops Here: Europe Seeks Alternative to U.S.-Dominated Financial System

Germany and France complain that the U.S. is abusing sanctions power to bully even its allies.

French president Emmanuel Macron (L) poses for photographs with Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition Nicolas Hulot on June 20, 2018 during a visit to Cap Frehel in Plevenon, western France. (FRED TANNEAU/AFP/Getty Images)

Macron’s Celebrity Apprentice Is a Nightmare

Nicolas Hulot is a combination of Donald Trump and Al Gore—and the French president will regret ever putting him in his Cabinet.

Gen. Charles de Gaulle leads a triumphant procession down Champs-Élysées as part of the celebration of the liberation of Paris. To the right of de Gaulle is Gen. Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, commander of the French Armored Division. (Bettmann Archive/Getty Images)

The European Union Needs Its Own Charles de Gaulle

There’s nothing wrong with today’s EU that France’s legendary 20th-century leader didn’t see coming—and didn’t try to fix when he had the chance.

Simone Weil's pass, when she worked for the French resistance. (Photo12/UIG via Getty Images/Foreign Policy illustration)

France’s Far-Right Claims a Left-Anarchist Martyr as Its Own

Why French conservatives' new favorite philosopher is Simone Weil.

A woman holds the book of Emmanuel Macron, head of "En Marche" political movement and presidential candidate, during a book signing session in a library in Bordeaux, on December 13, 2016. (NICOLAS TUCAT/AFP/Getty Images)

Liberté! Égalité! Overcrowded, Underfunded Universities!

Can Emmanuel Macron save France's higher education system by making it more American?

Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel greets German Chancellor Angela Merkel for a working dinner in Brussels on July 11, 2018, during the NATO summit.

Europe Should Call Trump’s Bluff

Spending 4 percent of the EU’s GDP on defense would boost sagging economies and protect the continent at a time when U.S. leadership is lacking.

Andrea Ucini illustration for Foreign Policy

Les Monstres Among Us

Two French best-sellers draw warnings for the present from the stories of Hitler’s henchmen.

John Tomac illustration for Foreign Policy

First They Came for the Immigrants. Then They Came for the Robots.

Politicians must prepare voters for automation; otherwise, opportunistic populists will seize the agenda.

French writer, journalist and movie producer Claude Lanzmann poses in Paris on Feb. 11, 2016. (Joel Saget / AFP)

The Holocaust Existentialist

Filmmaker Claude Lanzmann, dead at 92, showed the world the Holocaust through eyewitnesses.

A Libyan fireman stands in front of smoke and flames rising from a storage tank at an oil facility in northern Libya's Ras Lanuf region on January 23, 2016, after it was set ablaze earlier in the week following attacks launched by Islamic State jihadists to seize key port terminals.

The West Is Letting Libya Tear Itself Apart

Calling for elections in the absence of stable institutions while competing for diplomatic and economic influence won’t rebuild the country — it will destroy it.

French Economy  Minister Bruno Le Maire addresses a conference  on February 15, 2018 at the Economy Ministry in Paris.

OFAC Off

The European Union needs to defend its economic sovereignty from U.S. overreach. Creating its own agency for sanctions enforcement would be a start.

G-7 leaders participate in a working session in Quebec, Canada, on June 8. (Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images)

The United States and Europe Still Need Each Other

In the run-up to the G-7 summit, Trump seemed to forget a key lesson from history.

French President Emmanuel Macron at the Felix Eboue Airport of Cayenne, in French Guiana, on October 26, 2017. (RONAN LIETAR/AFP/Getty Images)

Macron Has Changed France’s Political DNA

One year after his election, it's clear Emmanuel Macron isn't just a president — he's a liberal man of providence.

French president Emmanuel Macron speaks with Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull in Sydney on May 2. (Jason McCawley - Pool/Getty Images)

Macron’s Fake News Solution Is a Problem

A new French law aims to separate truth from fiction, but it will mostly just give the government more control over the media.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Bavarian Governor and leader of the Bavarian Christian Social Union (CSU) Horst Seehofer depart after speaking to the media on October 9, 2017 in Berlin.

In Europe, the Only Choice Is Right or Far-Right

As left-wing parties have collapsed, the sole option remaining for voters is conservatism or right-wing populism.

France's President Emmanuel Macron addresses students at the North Rhine-Westphalia technical university on May 10, 2018 in Aachen, Germany (above); Supporters and elected officials of the far-right Front National protest the French government's immigration policies near the National Assembly on April 20, 2018 in Paris (below).

Saving European Democracy Starts at Home

If French President Emmanuel Macron is serious about pushing back against xenophobic populists, he needs to revamp his own legislative agenda.

Angela Merkel, Emmanuel Macron, Donald Trump, and other leaders depart after posing for the group photo at the G7  summit on May 26, 2017 in Taormina, Italy.

How Europe Can Block Trump

After Washington exits the Iran deal, U.S. secondary sanctions could harm European companies. EU leaders should retaliate by reviving a tool used successfully in the 1990s.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron gesture on the balcony of the town hall of Aachen after Macron recieved the International Charlemagne Prize at a ceremony on May 10, 2018 in Aachen, Germany. (Lukas Schulze/Getty Images,)

RIP the Trans-Atlantic Alliance, 1945-2018

The partnership with America had a long and fruitful life — but Europe is ready to start over.

U.S. President Donald Trump, right, clears dandruff off French President Emmanuel Macron's jacket in the White House Oval Office in Washington on April 24. (Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images)

Macron Is Too Weak to Lead the Free World

Angela Merkel may have ceded her crown to France’s president. But neither can supplant Donald Trump.

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