France

French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, and French President Emmanuel Macron near the entrance of the Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral in Paris, as flames engulf its roof on April 15, 2019. (Philippe Wojazer/AFP/Getty Images)

Notre Dame Is Setting Macron’s Agenda Ablaze

A national catastrophe is ruining the French president’s plans for a revival.

Gérard Araud, the French ambassador to the United Nations, attends a U.N. Security Council meeting at U.N. headquarters in New York on June 9, 2010. (Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images)

How Trump Practices ‘Escalation Dominance’

“You have restraint on your side. He has no restraint. So you lose,” says outgoing French Ambassador Gérard Araud.

Delegates sing the Ukrainian national anthem during the first congress of the new political party National Corps, created from the members of Azov civil corps and veterans of Azov regiment in Kiev on October 14, 2016.

There’s One Far-Right Movement That Hates the Kremlin

Ukraine’s Azov movement is hostile to Russia, friendly to neo-Nazis, and inspired by France’s new right. It’s not running in Ukraine’s presidential elections because it plans to win power by playing a long game.

Gun-mounted vehicles belonging to fighters loyal to the Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA) near a military compound in a suburb of Tripoli on April 9.

Khalifa Haftar’s Miscalculated Attack on Tripoli Will Cost Him Dearly

The Libyan general was poised to rise to power. Now his unnecessary assault on the capital is alienating key international backers and potential local allies.

Mourners gather outside the State Library of Victoria in Melbourne, Australia after a 28-year-old Australian-born man, Brenton Tarrant, appeared in Christchurch District Court on Saturday charged with murder for killing 49 people at mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand. The attack is the worst mass shooting in New Zealand's history.

The Inspiration for Terrorism in New Zealand Came From France

The gunman who massacred Muslims was inspired by ideas that have circulated for decades on the French far-right.

An Algerian man holds the national flag during a demonstration in the center of the capital Algiers on March 11, after President Abdelaziz Bouteflika announced his withdrawal from a bid to win another term in office and postponed an April 18 election, following weeks of protests.

The Fight for Freedom in Algeria Isn’t Finished

The 82-year-old Abdelaziz Bouteflika has pledged to step down, but the protesters’ victory won’t be complete without a genuine democratic transition.

A yellow vest protest against police violence in Paris on Feb. 2. (Zakaria Abdelkafi/AFP/Getty Images)

Stolen Trauma

The yellow vest movement is using historical language out of context.

French president Emmanuel Macron (L) and his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (R) take part in an official diner at the Al Massah hotel, in Cairo, on Jan. 28, 2019.

Western Leaders Are Promoting Dictatorship, Not Democracy, in Egypt

Emmanuel Macron’s visit to Cairo and Donald Trump’s cheerleading have bolstered Abdel Fattah al-Sisi as he faces popular protest over his latest power grab.

French President Emmanuel Macron looks at a portrait of former French President Charles de Gaulle at the city hall in Colombey-les-Deux-Eglises, France, on Oct. 4, 2018. (Vincent Kessler/AFP/Getty Images)

Macron Is Going Full De Gaulle

France’s president is pushing around Britain, Germany, and Italy—and going back to his country’s foreign-policy roots.

A man waves a French flag next to an Italian flag, as other protesters wearing a yellow vest demonstrate on December 22, 2018, in Ventimiglia near the French-Italian border.

Italy’s Populists Have Lost Their Luster. They’re Looking to France to Win It Back.

Five Star used to be a protest movement; now it’s the establishment. By bashing Emmanuel Macron and embracing the yellow vest uprising, it’s hoping to restore its radical credentials.

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban shake hands with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu  at the prime minister's office in Jerusalem, Israel, July 19, 2018.

Theodor Herzl Was Willing to Tolerate Europe’s Far-Right. Should Israel’s Leaders Do the Same?

Shunning populist parties won’t make Jews safer. Engaging with them is a matter of realpolitik, and Israel should focus on contemporary threats, not those of the past.

Demonstrators arrive to protest against a request to release former Ivory Coast's president Laurent Gbagbo in front of the Conseil National des Droits de l'Homme on Jan. 14, in Abidjan, Ivory Coast. (Sia Kambou/ AFP/Getty Images)

Peacebuilding’s Poster Child Is Losing Its Shine

Ivory Coast is often held up as a post-conflict success. That could all fall apart.

Michel Houellebecq attends an art show on June 2, 2017, in Manhattan, New York. (Eduardo Munoz Alverez/AFP/Getty Images)

Michel Houellebecq Hated Europe Before You Did

The latest novel by France’s most famous author cements his reputation as a prophet of populism.

French President Emmanuel Macron at Vahdettin Mansion in Istanbul, on Oct. 27. (Ozan Kose/AFP/Getty Images)

France’s Existential Loneliness in Syria

Emmanuel Macron’s responsibilities in the Middle East’s biggest war are about to grow beyond his ability to fulfill them.

French President Emmanuel Macron speaks during a special address to the nation, his first public comments after four weeks of nationwide 'yellow vest' (gilet jaune) protests, on December 10, 2018 in Paris. (Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images)

It’s Macron’s Destiny to Be Hated

The French president can make all the concessions he wants, but he can’t make the public like him.

A man poses on a pillory with a French flag during a demonstration against rising fuel prices on Nov. 17, 2018 in Dole, France. (Sebastien Bozon/AFP/Getty Images)

Macron Can Survive France’s Anger

The French will remain restive unless and until the effects of their president’s ambitious reforms kick in.

A man wears a mask of French President Emmanuel Macron during a protest against rising fuel prices on Nov. 17 in Haulchin, France. (Francois Lo Presti/AFP/Getty Images)

Les Misérables vs. Macron

France’s angry nationwide protests are less like a revolution than a Tea Party—and that’s bad news for the government.

Demonstrators gather outside a deradicalization center in Pontourny, France, the country's first Center for Prevention, Integration, and Citizenship on February 11, 2017 during a protest demanding its closure.

Want to Deradicalize Terrorists? Treat Them Like Everyone Else.

Many counter-extremism efforts falter because ideological reform programs run by governments lack credibility. Appealing to the basic psychological needs of ex-radicals is more promising.

Boys in their senior year at the Protection of Civilians Camp 3 study after class in Juba, South Sudan, on March 23. (Alex Potter for Foreign Policy)

For South Sudan, It’s Not So Easy to Declare Independence From Arabic

When the world’s newest country broke away from Khartoum, it discarded Sudan’s main official language, too. But casting aside the oppressor’s tongue did not heal the country’s divisions.

French War Minister Andre Maginot, Marshal Joseph Joffre, and Marshal Philippe Petain at the inauguration of Joffre's monument in Chantilly, France on June 21, 1930. (AFP/Getty Images)

Macron Finds the Immoral Way to Remember World War I

There’s no good reason to pull Marshal Philippe Pétain from the dustbin of history.

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