Germany

Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel greets German Chancellor Angela Merkel for a working dinner in Brussels on July 11, 2018, during the NATO summit.

Europe Should Call Trump’s Bluff

Spending 4 percent of the EU’s GDP on defense would boost sagging economies and protect the continent at a time when U.S. leadership is lacking.

Liu Xia, the widow of Chinese Nobel dissident Liu Xiaobo, at the Helsinki International Airport on July 10. (Jussi Nukari/AFP/Getty Images)

Liu Xia’s Freedom Shows China Can Still Be Pressured

Even Beijing admitted the Nobel laureate's widow had committed no crime.

Britain's then-foreign secretary Boris Johnson, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May, and U.S. President Donald Trump arrive for a working dinner meeting at the NATO summit at the NATO headquarters, in Brussels, on May 25, 2017.

Boris Johnson’s Great Leap Forward

Britain’s conservatives were once known for sensible stewardship of the economy. Now, the Tory Maoists are blowing it up.

John Tomac illustration for Foreign Policy

First They Came for the Immigrants. Then They Came for the Robots.

Politicians must prepare voters for automation; otherwise, opportunistic populists will seize the agenda.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel chats with sailors of the German Navy while she visited the "Braunschweig" warship on January 19, 2016 in Kiel, Germany.

Trump Is Right About Germany’s Low-Energy Military

Berlin needs to spend more on defense, but the U.S. president's public demands are making it politically impossible.

A Muslim man walks by the "separation barrier" or "security fence" in East Jerusalem on November 27, 2014 in Jerusalem, Israel.

An Israeli-Palestinian Confederation Can Work

The two-state solution is dead. Most one-state solutions are unacceptable to the other side. There is, however, a viable peace plan that appeals to both.

Markus Söder of the Bavarian Christian Social Union and the new governor of Bavaria conducts a  brass band at the Bavarian state parliament on March 16, 2018 in Munich, Germany.

How Far Will Bavaria’s CSU Go to Fend Off Germany’s Far-Right?

Angela Merkel’s sister party, the Christian Social Union, is taking an extreme line on refugees and threatening to bring down her coalition.

G-7 leaders participate in a working session in Quebec, Canada, on June 8. (Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images)

The United States and Europe Still Need Each Other

In the run-up to the G-7 summit, Trump seemed to forget a key lesson from history.

New U.S. Ambassador Richard Grenell stands in front of a military honor guard during an accreditation ceremony for new ambassadors in Berlin on May 8. (Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images)

State Department Defends Trump’s Man in Berlin After Diplomatic Firestorm

Some German lawmakers are calling for Ambassador Grenell’s expulsion.

An activist protests in front of the European Union headquarters in Brussels, on May 22. (John Thys/AFP/Getty Images)

Disinformation Wars

The United States and Europe are ill-prepared for the coming wave of "deep fakes" that artificial intelligence could unleash.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Bavarian Governor and leader of the Bavarian Christian Social Union (CSU) Horst Seehofer depart after speaking to the media on October 9, 2017 in Berlin.

In Europe, the Only Choice Is Right or Far-Right

As left-wing parties have collapsed, the sole option remaining for voters is conservatism or right-wing populism.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, listens as U.S. President Donald Trump speaks during a meeting at the White House in Washington, D.C. on May 17, 2018. (Andrew Harrer-Pool/Getty Images)

NATO Chief Worried About Fissures Between United States and Europe

In an interview with Foreign Policy, Jens Stoltenberg cautioned against a new arms race with Russia.

Angela Merkel, Emmanuel Macron, Donald Trump, and other leaders depart after posing for the group photo at the G7  summit on May 26, 2017 in Taormina, Italy.

How Europe Can Block Trump

After Washington exits the Iran deal, U.S. secondary sanctions could harm European companies. EU leaders should retaliate by reviving a tool used successfully in the 1990s.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron gesture on the balcony of the town hall of Aachen after Macron recieved the International Charlemagne Prize at a ceremony on May 10, 2018 in Aachen, Germany. (Lukas Schulze/Getty Images,)

RIP the Trans-Atlantic Alliance, 1945-2018

The partnership with America had a long and fruitful life — but Europe is ready to start over.

U.S. President Donald Trump, right, clears dandruff off French President Emmanuel Macron's jacket in the White House Oval Office in Washington on April 24. (Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images)

Macron Is Too Weak to Lead the Free World

Angela Merkel may have ceded her crown to France’s president. But neither can supplant Donald Trump.

British Prime Minister Theresa May, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron following a meeting on the sidelines of the European Union leaders summit in Brussels, on March 22, 2018. (LUDOVIC MARIN/AFP/Getty Images)

Europe Has No Clue How to Handle an American Bully

Germany, France, and the U.K. all tried sucking up to Trump. They ended up helping kill the Iran deal.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel attends a press conference with U.S. President Donald Trump in the Oval Office of the White House on April 27, 2018.  (Chris Kleponis-Pool/Getty Images)

The Unbearable Complacency of Angela Merkel

Germany's economy is far more vulnerable than it seems, but its government is completely uninterested in doing anything about it.

The wax figures of U.S. President Donald Trump and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are pictured in Christmas-themed sweaters at the Grevin Wax Museum in Paris on Dec. 1, 2017. (Bertrand Guay/AFP/Getty Images)

Merkel Has Disastrously Bungled Her Relationship With Trump

The chancellor’s approach has been typical of German foreign policy: moralistic, hypocritical — and completely ineffective.

Soldiers from the Foreign Legion march down the Champs Elysees, with the Arc de Triomphe in the background,  in Paris during a rehearsal of the annual Bastille Day military parade on July 10, 2017. (Martin Bureau/AFP/Getty Images)

Army Service Could Be the Answer to Europe’s Integration Problem

The EU’s defense forces are struggling to recruit, and immigrants are often eager to serve.

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Reporter’s Notebook: Germany’s Family Reunification Problem

FP contributor Vauhini Vara appears on The E.R. to discuss her story “Germany’s Family Feud.”

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