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U.S. President Ronald Reagan shaking hands with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev at the Kremlin Place prior to their last summit meeting on June 1, 1988.

What Would Reagan Do on Iran?

If Washington wants to pressure Tehran, the White House should stop alienating allies, empowering hard-liners, and harming regular Iranians.

China's Chairman Mao Zedong met U.S. President Richard Nixon in Beijing on Feb. 21, 1972.

Some Summits Soar, Some Plunge

Nixon and Reagan managed to negotiate with Mao and Gorbachev because they had personal chemistry, common goals, and control of their domestic politics.

Russian President Vladimir Putin looks at a map in his country at his residence of Novo-Ogaryevo outside Moscow, on Aug. 11, 2006. (Dmitry Astakhov)

Russia’s Clash With the West Is About Geography, Not Ideology

The Marshall Plan recognized the limits of U.S. power in Europe. To be successful, so must diplomacy with Moscow today.

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Apocalypse, Soon: New Books on War, Plague, Famine, Demagogues, and the End of the World as They Knew It

FP staffers learn what really killed the Romans and why the 1930s should scare us to death.

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What China Didn’t Learn From the Collapse of the Soviet Union

Xi Jinping sees the Soviet Union as a cautionary tale. But Beijing is learning all the wrong lessons.

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