History

George Bush laughs with Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev on Sept. 9, 1990 after their first meeting at the Presidential Palace in Helsinki, Finland. (Mike Sargent/AFP/Getty Images)

Five Vital Lessons From George H.W. Bush

From being wary about the Middle East to protecting America’s intelligence services, the former president was far more prescient than he’s often given credit for.

George Bush speaks with Brent Scowcroft and James Baker at the White House on May, 19 1992 (J. David Ake/AFP/Getty Images)

Once Upon a Time, U.S. Foreign Policy Worked

George H.W. Bush's administration was evidence of what the establishment was capable of.

The Statue Of Unity, the world's tallest statue dedicated to Indian independence leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, stands overlooking the Sardar Sarovar Dam in India's Gujarat state on Oct. 30. (Sam Panthaky/AFP/Getty Images)

Let Them Eat Statues

Narendra Modi is building multimillion-dollar monuments while India's poorest citizens die of hunger and preventable diseases.

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, Jens Spahn, and Friedrich Merz at a regional German Christian Democratic Union gathering in Halle, Germany, on Nov. 22. (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

It’s Time to Give Up on Eastern Germany

As the post-Merkel era looms, Germany’s center-right party needs to ditch its eastern base and go back to its western roots.

A painting of the World War I Battle of Jutland shows the sinking hit of the British battlecruiser HMS Indefatigable shortly before its explosion on May 31, 1916. (Willy Stöwer/ullstein bild via Getty Images)

The U.S. Navy Has Forgotten What It’s Like to Fight

The U.K.'s defeat at Jutland is a reminder of how a victorious force can get lazy.

A French propaganda poster during World War I. (AFP/Getty Images)

Never Forget That World War I Was Also Racist

It wasn’t just nationalism that fueled the 20th century’s first great tragedy.

French War Minister Andre Maginot, Marshal Joseph Joffre, and Marshal Philippe Petain at the inauguration of Joffre's monument in Chantilly, France on June 21, 1930. (AFP/Getty Images)

Macron Finds the Immoral Way to Remember World War I

There’s no good reason to pull Marshal Philippe Pétain from the dustbin of history.

Ethnic Uigur women look through a security fence as Chinese soldiers stand guard in Urumqi, in China's far west Xinjiang region, on July 9, 2009. (Peter Parks/AFP/Getty Images)

For Them, Afghanistan Is Safer Than China

Persecution in Xinjiang is pushing Uighurs over the border.

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, right, speaks at a press conference following a cabinet meeting on the country's draft budget on Oct. 15. (Photo by Filippo Monteforte/AFP/Getty Images)

‘This Is an Existential Test of the Eurozone’

Economic historian Adam Tooze assesses the Italian crisis—and the prospects for a global collapse.

People carry German flags and a banner which reads "Stop Islamization" during a march organized by the far-right AfD party in Rostock,  Germany on September 22, 2018.

Germany’s New Politics of Cultural Despair

Will the return of the European far-right be the undoing of the West?

Enric Marco stands beside a Spanish Republican flag at Mauthausen, a concentration camp in Austria, in May 2003. (Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images)

The Spanish Fraud

On the podcast: Javier Cercas’s new book on the man who impersonated a Holocaust survivor.

This Davy Crockett will be displayed in the National Museum of the United States Army, under construction at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. (U.S. Army photo)

Point and Nuke

Remembering the era of portable atomic bombs.

The “Founding Fathers” exhibit at the House of European History highlights key architects of European integration. (Dominique Hommel/European Union 2018 – EP)

Night at the Museum

Brussels’s new European history museum could put anyone to sleep.

The Swanepoel children play in the driveway of the grounds of their family's guest lodge on a farm in Limpopo province, South Africa on October 31, 2017. 
(GULSHAN KHAN/AFP/Getty Images)

There’s a Better Way to Take White Farmers’ Land

South Africa needs to redistribute property—but not all appropriation is made the same.

A Border Security Force (BSF) personnel patrols near the India Bangladesh fencing border ahead of 72nd Independence Day celebrations, at Lankamura village in Agartala, the capital of northeastern state of Tripura on August 13, 2018. (ARINDAM DEY/AFP/Getty Images)

India’s Hindu Nationalists Still Feed Off Partition’s Wounds

Assam's citizenship crisis is the latest legacy of a division that made nations.

People make the fascist salute at La Basilica The Valley of Fallen in San Lorenzo del Escorial near Madrid on July 15, 2018, as they protest against the removal of Franco's remains from The Valley of Fallen. (JAVIER SORIANO / AFP)

Spain’s Dictator Is Dead, but the Debate About Him Lives On

Francisco Franco ran Spain with an iron fist for decades—and created myths about his rule that are only now starting to come undone.

Andrea Ucini illustration for Foreign Policy

Les Monstres Among Us

Two French best-sellers draw warnings for the present from the stories of Hitler’s henchmen.

French writer, journalist and movie producer Claude Lanzmann poses in Paris on Feb. 11, 2016. (Joel Saget / AFP)

The Holocaust Existentialist

Filmmaker Claude Lanzmann, dead at 92, showed the world the Holocaust through eyewitnesses.

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