History

Enric Marco stands beside a Spanish Republican flag at Mauthausen, a concentration camp in Austria, in May 2003. (Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images)

The Spanish Fraud

On the podcast: Javier Cercas’s new book on the man who impersonated a Holocaust survivor.

This Davy Crockett will be displayed in the National Museum of the United States Army, under construction at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. (U.S. Army photo)

Point and Nuke

Remembering the era of portable atomic bombs.

The “Founding Fathers” exhibit at the House of European History highlights key architects of European integration. (Dominique Hommel/European Union 2018 – EP)

Night at the Museum

Brussels’s new European history museum could put anyone to sleep.

The Swanepoel children play in the driveway of the grounds of their family's guest lodge on a farm in Limpopo province, South Africa on October 31, 2017. 
(GULSHAN KHAN/AFP/Getty Images)

There’s a Better Way to Take White Farmers’ Land

South Africa needs to redistribute property—but not all appropriation is made the same.

A Border Security Force (BSF) personnel patrols near the India Bangladesh fencing border ahead of 72nd Independence Day celebrations, at Lankamura village in Agartala, the capital of northeastern state of Tripura on August 13, 2018. (ARINDAM DEY/AFP/Getty Images)

India’s Hindu Nationalists Still Feed Off Partition’s Wounds

Assam's citizenship crisis is the latest legacy of a division that made nations.

People make the fascist salute at La Basilica The Valley of Fallen in San Lorenzo del Escorial near Madrid on July 15, 2018, as they protest against the removal of Franco's remains from The Valley of Fallen. (JAVIER SORIANO / AFP)

Spain’s Dictator Is Dead, but the Debate About Him Lives On

Francisco Franco ran Spain with an iron fist for decades—and created myths about his rule that are only now starting to come undone.

Andrea Ucini illustration for Foreign Policy

Les Monstres Among Us

Two French best-sellers draw warnings for the present from the stories of Hitler’s henchmen.

French writer, journalist and movie producer Claude Lanzmann poses in Paris on Feb. 11, 2016. (Joel Saget / AFP)

The Holocaust Existentialist

Filmmaker Claude Lanzmann, dead at 92, showed the world the Holocaust through eyewitnesses.

Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz welcomes Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi at Riyadh international airport on November 10, 2015. (FAYEZ NURELDINE/AFP/Getty Images)

The Real Reason the Middle East Hates NGOs

Western promoters of democracy aren’t seen as a threat to individual rulers but as a reminder of colonial history.

Donald Trump arrives for the morning working session on the second day of the G20 economic summit on July 8, 2017 in Hamburg, Germany. (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

Trump’s Kaiser Wilhelm Approach to Diplomacy

For the U.S. president, like the last German monarch, foreign policy is all about personal ego, not national interests.

Korea Summit Press Pool/Getty Images/Trevor Samson/AFP/Getty Images/Foreign Policy illustration

Forget the Libya Model. South Africa Shows the Path to Peace With Pyongyang.

If Kim Jong Un follows in F.W. de Klerk’s footsteps, denuclearization could allow North Korea to move from pariah status to prosperity.

Emmanuel Macron with students during the inauguration of an apprentice training centre in Tours on March 14, 2018.  (BENOIT TESSIER/AFP/Getty Images)

Everyone in France Wants to Claim the Legacy of 1968

Leftists want to celebrate revolutionary idealism; conservatives, the triumph of traditional authority. And Emmanuel Macron is trying to split the difference.

Eleanor Taylor illustration for Foreign Policy

Economic Rights Are Human Rights

U.S. foreign policy has exacerbated many of the evils it set out to eradicate. It needs an overhaul.

Vladimir Putin talks to former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev before a press conference in Germany. (JOCHEN LUEBKE/AFP/Getty Images)

I Knew the Cold War. This Is No Cold War.

Everyone's favorite historical analogy makes for disastrous foreign policy today.

A still from "The Death of Stalin." (IFC Films)

Giggling at the Gulag

"The Death of Stalin" turns tyranny into comedy.

Henry Kissinger with National Security Advisor H.R. McMaster at The Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC on October 10, 2017. (Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

Grand Strategy Isn’t Grand Enough

The world’s best national security minds know to study every aspect of foreign policy. That’s not enough.

International Monetary Fund Managing Director Christine Lagarde and historian Niall Ferguson speak onstage during Tina Brown's 7th Annual Women In The World Summit in New York City, on Apr. 7, 2016. (Jemal Countess/Getty Images)

China’s Understanding of Global Order Shouldn’t Be Ours

Contrary to what Niall Ferguson suggests, if the liberal international system gets reduced to economics, it will no longer exist.

French President Emmanuel Macron attends a ceremony at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, west of London on Jan. 18. (Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images)

Macron the Conqueror

France is back, thanks to a president committed to disrupting politics at home and abroad.

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