History

Margaret Thatcher Kurds Iraq

Britain’s Post-Brexit Foreign Policy Can Be a Force for Good

Boris Johnson shouldn’t shy away from global leadership and the morally driven approach that protected Kosovars and Iraqi Kurds in the 1990s.

Nationalists and Loyalists riot at the Peace Wall gates which divide the two communities on April 7 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

How Brexit Lit the Fuse in Northern Ireland

Loyalist fears that Boris Johnson is abandoning them have sparked a wave of violence that could endanger the Good Friday Agreement.

A snack vendor in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Bangladesh’s Long Journey From ‘Basket Case’ to Rising Star

But 50 years after independence, an authoritarian turn casts a shadow over the country’s future.

Inmates perform play by William Shakespeare.

Why Was Roman Politics So Stabby?

Emma Southon’s book on murder in Rome depicts a state built on death.

A still from the documentary film The Battle of the Somme purportedly shows British soldiers moving forward through wire at the start of the battle on July 1, 1916. This scene is now generally considered to have been staged well behind the lines but has regularly been used to represent British troops “going over the top” at the start of an assault on the Western Front.

Ending Wars Was Never Easy

A new book about a forgotten attempt to resolve World War I sheds light on the struggles facing the West’s diplomats today.

Chinese President Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People.

Why Washington Is Fed Up With Beijing

Decades of failed efforts to woo China explain the Biden administration’s tough talk ahead of Alaska meeting.

Barbary macaques in Gibraltar.

Is Brexit Driving Gibraltar Into Europe’s Arms?

The territory at the tip of Spain will remain British on paper, but in practice Brexit has brought it closer to the EU than ever before.

The offices of banking giants HSBC and Barclays are pictured at Canary Wharf in London, on Dec. 28, 2020.

In the City, the Bluffing Is Over

During crisis after crisis, London’s financial giants cried wolf about leaving. Now the wolf is at the door.

A crack cuts through one of the thousands of stellae at the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, also called the Holocaust Memorial, on Jan. 29, 2019 in Berlin.

Germany’s Holocaust Remembrance Is Turning Upside Down

The left is relativizing the past, the far-right is insisting on its uniqueness, and the country’s historical culture is cracking from within.

A portrait of Emperor Maximilian I with his family, 1516-1520, by artist Bernhard Strigel. Maximilian's marriage to Mary of Burgundy, the richest heiress in Europe, expanded the House of Habsburg and gave the dynasty a foothold in western Europe.

The Founding Fathers of International Relations Theory Loved War but Overlooked Sex

Pre-modern European power was grounded in marriage and childbirth, not just conflict.

A supporter of Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, then Egypt’s army chief, holds a military boot on her head in a sign of support for military rule in Cairo on Jan. 28, 2014.

Sisi Learned the Wrong Lessons From Mubarak’s Fall

Wanton repression is building up more pressure for the next uprising.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Secretary of State George Shultz at the London Economic Summit on June 8, 1984.

Was George Shultz America’s Best Secretary of State?

Reagan’s top diplomat ended the Cold War and reshaped the world.

Adolf Hitler upon his release from prison after his 1923 coup attempt, known as the Beer Hall Putsch, in 1924 in Munich, Germany.

Weimar’s Lessons for Biden’s America

Hitler’s first coup attempt failed—but German democracy broke down anyway. Here’s how the United States can avoid the same fate.

The Charging Bull Statue is covered by snow in Lower Manhattan during a winter storm on Feb. 1, 2021 in New York City.

Social Welfare Is as American as Apple Pie

Mike Konczal’s ‘Freedom From the Market’ resurrects a lost U.S. tradition.

A Tunisian woman carrying a dog gestures with her middle finger at police officers during a demonstration in Tunis on Jan. 30.

Ben Ali’s Ghost Still Haunts Tunisia

The Arab Spring’s democratic success story is wrestling with the vestiges of an authoritarian past.

The Union Flag flies from the top of Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, home to the British Houses of Parliament, in London on Jan. 18.

Brexit Is Probably the United Kingdom’s Death Knell

An English-led disaster has emboldened others to get out.

Police officers inspect the truck of a driver working in the shellfish industry who brought his truck to central London to protest

Britain’s Been Hammered by Brexit, but It Got the Vaccine Right

The positive contrast with the European Union’s COVID-19 vaccine debacle has masked a rocky exit from Europe.

French President Emmanuel Macron (R) poses with French historian Benjamin Stora for the delivery of a report on the colonization and the Algerian War in Paris on Jan. 20.

Macron’s Algeria Report Isn’t Progress, It’s a Whitewash.

France lost the Algerian War but is still controlling the narrative about its history—while refusing to apologize or pay reparations. 

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