History

Files relating to Indian freedom fighter Subhas Chandra Bose are displayed at the Police Museum in Kolkata, India, on Sept. 18, 2015.

Is India Spilling Its State Secrets?

The government is declassifying some archives, but it will retain control of public understanding.

People protest outside of the Turkish consulate on the anniversary of the Armenian genocide in Beverly Hills, California, on April 24.

Turkey Will Never Recognize the Armenian Genocide

It’s time for Yerevan to shift gears and work toward rapprochement with Ankara.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad sits along side Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah at the Presidential Palace in Baabda, east of Beirut, on July 30, 2010.

Assad Is Friends With the Arab World Again

After 10 years of war, Syria’s erstwhile enemies are welcoming it back in from the cold.

george blake simon kuper book

Before Jihadi John, There Was George Blake

The British KGB double agent was a forerunner of today’s radicalized Western jihadis.

Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon

Sturgeon’s Vision for Independence Is on the Ballot in Scotland

The first minister’s party will almost certainly win the election this week, but the nationalist movement still faces divisions of its own.

The U.S. and Chinese flags stand behind a microphone.

The World Might Want China’s Rules

Washington shouldn’t assume its values are more attractive to others than Beijing’s.

People hold photographs of Armenian writers and artists who were among the Armenian intellectuals arrested for deportation by Ottoman forces in 1915 at the Tsitsernakaberd Memorial in Yerevan, Armenia, on April 24, 2015.

Stop Giving Erdogan a Veto Over U.S. Recognition of the Armenian Genocide

Biden can do the right thing because Turkey has lost strategic significance.

Margaret Thatcher Kurds Iraq

Britain’s Post-Brexit Foreign Policy Can Be a Force for Good

Boris Johnson shouldn’t shy away from global leadership and the morally driven approach that protected Kosovars and Iraqi Kurds in the 1990s.

Nationalists and Loyalists riot at the Peace Wall gates which divide the two communities on April 7 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

How Brexit Lit the Fuse in Northern Ireland

Loyalist fears that Boris Johnson is abandoning them have sparked a wave of violence that could endanger the Good Friday Agreement.

A snack vendor in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Bangladesh’s Long Journey From ‘Basket Case’ to Rising Star

But 50 years after independence, an authoritarian turn casts a shadow over the country’s future.

Inmates perform play by William Shakespeare.

Why Was Roman Politics So Stabby?

Emma Southon’s book on murder in Rome depicts a state built on death.

A still from the documentary film The Battle of the Somme purportedly shows British soldiers moving forward through wire at the start of the battle on July 1, 1916. This scene is now generally considered to have been staged well behind the lines but has regularly been used to represent British troops “going over the top” at the start of an assault on the Western Front.

Ending Wars Was Never Easy

A new book about a forgotten attempt to resolve World War I sheds light on the struggles facing the West’s diplomats today.

Chinese President Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People.

Why Washington Is Fed Up With Beijing

Decades of failed efforts to woo China explain the Biden administration’s tough talk ahead of Alaska meeting.

Barbary macaques in Gibraltar.

Is Brexit Driving Gibraltar Into Europe’s Arms?

The territory at the tip of Spain will remain British on paper, but in practice Brexit has brought it closer to the EU than ever before.

The offices of banking giants HSBC and Barclays are pictured at Canary Wharf in London, on Dec. 28, 2020.

In the City, the Bluffing Is Over

During crisis after crisis, London’s financial giants cried wolf about leaving. Now the wolf is at the door.

A crack cuts through one of the thousands of stellae at the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, also called the Holocaust Memorial, on Jan. 29, 2019 in Berlin.

Germany’s Holocaust Remembrance Is Turning Upside Down

The left is relativizing the past, the far-right is insisting on its uniqueness, and the country’s historical culture is cracking from within.

A portrait of Emperor Maximilian I with his family, 1516-1520, by artist Bernhard Strigel. Maximilian's marriage to Mary of Burgundy, the richest heiress in Europe, expanded the House of Habsburg and gave the dynasty a foothold in western Europe.

The Founding Fathers of International Relations Theory Loved War but Overlooked Sex

Pre-modern European power was grounded in marriage and childbirth, not just conflict.

A supporter of Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, then Egypt’s army chief, holds a military boot on her head in a sign of support for military rule in Cairo on Jan. 28, 2014.

Sisi Learned the Wrong Lessons From Mubarak’s Fall

Wanton repression is building up more pressure for the next uprising.

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