iran sanctions

An Iranian man shops at a drugstore at the Nikan hospital in Tehran on September 11, 2018.

How Europe Could Blunt U.S. Iran Sanctions Without Washington Lifting A Finger

If the EU gives its special purpose vehicle for Iran trade a humanitarian focus, the Trump administration won’t be able to stop it without trampling longstanding U.S. exemptions.

An Iranian woman walks past a mural in Tehran on Nov. 5. (Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images)

Iran and the United States Can be Friends

They almost were, and now Hassan Rouhani could help get things back on track.

Iranian protesters carry placards that mock U.S. President Donald Trump and Saudi Arabia’s King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman during a demonstration outside the former U.S. Embassy in Tehran on Nov. 4. (Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images)

Trump’s Iran Sanctions Could Work

In the medium term, they’ll make it hard for the country to keep up oil production, satisfy domestic demand, and fund the government.

A woman walks past a mural in Tehran on Nov. 6.(Fatemeh Bahrami/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

Trump’s Magical Thinking on Iran Sanctions Won’t Advance U.S. Interests

Far from convincing Tehran to cooperate, new U.S. measures are on track to achieve the exact opposite.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani shrugs during a press conference with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Tehran on Sept. 7. (Mikhail Svetlov/Getty Images)

Trump Waives Iran Sanctions for Turkey

How Erdogan could use the exception to outsmart the United States, again.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan shaking hands with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev at the Kremlin Place prior to their last summit meeting on June 1, 1988.

What Would Reagan Do on Iran?

If Washington wants to pressure Tehran, the White House should stop alienating allies, empowering hard-liners, and harming regular Iranians.

U.S. President Donald Trump signs a document reinstating sanctions against Iran after announcing the U.S. withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal in the White House on May 8. (Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images)

Here’s How Trump Should Prepare for Iranian Escalation

Once sanctions are back in full force, the United States needs to be ready for the worst.

U.S. President Donald Trump shakes hands with EU Foreign Policy Chief Federica Mogherini during a meeting at the European Union Headquarters in Brussels on May 25, 2017.

How Trump Can Get a Better Deal on Iran

The United States needs to keep Europe on board, go beyond sanctions, and ensure lasting bipartisan support for its new policy.

An Iranian tanker and a South Korean tanker docking at the platform of the oil facility in the Khark Island, on the shore of the Persian Gulf on March 12, 2017.

The Road to Tehran Runs Through Oslo

Norway—and Oman—can help end the impasse over Iran sanctions by creating an externally-managed and guaranteed oil fund.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif speaks next to European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini during a plenary session at the United Nations building in Vienna, Austria on July 14, 2015. (Joe Klamar/AFP/Getty Images)

Is the Iran Deal Finally Dead?

Europe’s frantic efforts to save the nuclear pact at the U.N. probably won’t work.

An Iranian oil facility on Kharg Island in the Persian Gulf on March 12, 2017. (Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images)

Energy Security Is the Real Way to Put America First

Looming Iran oil sanctions pose challenges for U.S. energy policy.

Chinese State Councillor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi (R) meets Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif at the Diaoyutai state guesthouse in Beijing on May 13, 2018. (THOMAS PETER/AFP/Getty Images)

Moscow and Beijing Have Tehran’s Back

Trump's Iran policies have left the country with no choice but to turn to Russia and China.

Iranian protesters hold a portrait of the commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard's Quds Force, Gen. Qassem Suleimani, during a demonstration in the capital Tehran on December 11, 2017.

Iran Hawks Should Be Careful What They Wish For

Pushing for regime change in Tehran could put Qassem Suleimani in power.

The ZTE logo is seen on an office building in Shanghai on May 3. (Johannes Eisele/AFP/Getty Images/Foreign Policy illustration)

ZTE’s Ties to China’s Military-Industrial Complex Run Deep

The Chinese telecommunications firm is connected to other companies with a history of proliferation.

French Economy  Minister Bruno Le Maire addresses a conference  on February 15, 2018 at the Economy Ministry in Paris.

OFAC Off

The European Union needs to defend its economic sovereignty from U.S. overreach. Creating its own agency for sanctions enforcement would be a start.

Angela Merkel, Emmanuel Macron, Donald Trump, and other leaders depart after posing for the group photo at the G7  summit on May 26, 2017 in Taormina, Italy.

How Europe Can Block Trump

After Washington exits the Iran deal, U.S. secondary sanctions could harm European companies. EU leaders should retaliate by reviving a tool used successfully in the 1990s.

Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani oversees an April 18 ceremony marking National Army Day in Tehran.

The North Korean Playbook Won’t Work With Iran

Hard-liners in Tehran and Washington are both drawing the wrong lessons from diplomacy with Pyongyang — and that could lead to war.

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