Kazakhstan

A train leaves Xian International Port in Shaanxi province, China, for Kazakhstan on April 13.

What Kazakhstan Can Teach About Medium-State Diplomacy

How the self-styled “Asian Geneva” successfully navigated among Russia, China, and the West—at least for now.

Russian President Vladimir Putin talks to his Kazakh counterpart Nursultan Nazarbayev in Baku, Azerbaijan in December 2003.

Putin Is Ruling Russia Like a Central Asian Dictator

The Kremlin didn’t invent term limit resets and constitutional referendums. The autocratic leaders of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan blazed the trail.

Georgian soldiers wearing protective masks stop a car at a checkpoint in Tbilisi on April 1, 2020 amid concerns over the spread of the coronavirus.

Ex-Soviet Bioweapons Labs Are Fighting COVID-19. Moscow Doesn’t Like It.

One of the greatest achievements of U.S. foreign policy has been targeted by a vicious disinformation campaign.

Algerians protest against former President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's bid for a fifth term in power, in Algiers on Mar. 1, 2019.

Demise of the Petrostates

The oil price crash is an existential threat to petrostates from Nigeria to Iran, where governments rely on oil wealth to stabilize power and pay off competing interests.

The now-demolished Camel Youth Hostel in Kashgar, Xinjiang

Xinjiang’s Hui Muslims Were Swept Into Camps Alongside Uyghurs

Testimonies and eyewitness accounts suggest the mass incarceration of ethnic Hui in China’s northwest.

Seyil Eldos with his three younger brothers on the outskirts of Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan, on May 17. Eldos’s biological father died of a heart attack, and his mother married her husband’s younger brother, as is traditional. Eldos’s three brothers were born to the second marriage.

A Family Stranded by China’s Camps

Repression in Xinjiang leaves tens of thousands of children without parents.

Chinese President Xi Jinping gives a speech at a press conference after the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing on April 27.

China’s Accidental Belt and Road Turns Six

The initiative that almost wasn’t still isn’t.

Kazakh president-elect Kassym-Jomart Tokayev speaks to the media during a press conference at Ak Orda Presidential Palace in Nur-Sultan on June 10, 2019.

Kazakhstan’s Second-Ever President Can’t Tolerate Protest

Nazarbayev’s successor has an impressive foreign profile but a raft of domestic problems.

Women walk past a campaign billboard for Kazakh President and presidential candidate Kassym-Jomart Tokayev in Nur-Sultan on June 7 ahead of Kazakhstan's presidential elections.

Kazakhstan’s Fake Vote Might Wake Up Civil Society

The nominal resignation of a longtime autocrat has sparked new hopes.

Russian President Vladimir Putin welcomes his Kazakh counterpart Nursultan Nazarbayev in the Kremlin in Moscow, on Dec. 19, 2012. (Maxim Shemetov/AFP/Getty Images)

Putin Wants a Kazakh Retirement

Russia and Kazakhstan have plenty in common. Why not the transition plans for their longtime presidents?

Kazakhstan’s President Nursultan Nazarbayev shakes hands with Chinese President Xi Jinping during a signing ceremony in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on June 7, 2018. (Greg Baker-Pool/Getty Images)

Nazarbayev Is Giving Up Presidency, Not Power, in Kazakhstan

The long-time autocrat's shock resignation kicks off an opaque succession process.

Serikzhan Bilash, the head of Atajurt Eriktileri, holds up a photo during a press conference in Almaty, Kazakhstan, on Jan. 21. (Reid Standish for Foreign Policy)

Astana Tries to Silence China Critics

Head of watchdog organization detained for work on Xinjiang camps.

Gulnur Kosgeulet shows a photo of her husband, Ekpor Sorsenbek, whom she believes is in a re-education camp in Xinjiang, in Almaty, Kazakhstan, on Jan. 21. (Reid Standish for Foreign Policy)

Kazakhs Won’t Be Silenced on China’s Internment Camps

Activists are speaking out for those imprisoned in Xinjiang—even if their own government doesn’t like it.

Sayragul Sauytbay sits inside a defendants' cage during a hearing at a court in Zharkent, Kazakhstan, on July 13, 2018. (Ruslan Pryanikov/AFP/Getty Images)

She Fled China’s Camps—but She’s Still Not Free

Sayragul Sauytbay, the only person to have worked inside an internment camp in Xinjiang and spoken publicly about it, now faces an uncertain future in Kazakhstan.

A Chinese police officer takes his position by the road near what is officially called a “vocational education and training program” in Yining, in Xinjiang, China, on Sept. 4, 2018. (Thomas Peter/Reuters)

Detainees Are Trickling Out of Xinjiang’s Camps

House arrest or forced labor awaits most of those released so far in what may be a public relations ploy.

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