liberalism

Indian author Pankaj Mishra in 2006.

You Can Only See Liberalism From the Bottom

Why Pankaj Mishra sees the ideology’s limits more clearly than its most powerful fans.

Anne Applebaum in Udine, Italy, on Jan. 26, 2019.

The Tragic Romance of the Nostalgic Western Liberal

Anne Applebaum wants to understand rising illiberalism but is clinging to a Cold War moral framework that no longer applies.

A tattered American flag blows in the winds of Hurricane Dennis in Mobile, Alabama, on July 10, 2005.

The Anti-American Century

The old U.S.-led order has crumbled. What will replace it may be just what the world—and the United States—needs.

French Finance Minister Emmanuel Macron gestures during a session at the World Economic Forum (WEF) annual meeting in Davos, on Jan 22, 2016.

The Pandemic Could Be the Crisis Liberalism Needed

The future has rarely seemed bleaker for free-market democracy—but small changes can bring it roaring back.

Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk and government ministers react prior to the voting of the government resignation at the parliament in Kiev on Feb. 16, 2016.

The Death of Ukraine’s Liberals

Western-oriented reformers are about to get completely wiped out in parliamentary elections—and they have nobody to blame but themselves.

New York Times columnist David Brooks speaking at the Book Expo America in New York.

When Zombie Neoconservatives Attack

Why most Americans are right about foreign policy, and David Brooks is wrong.

President Jair Bolsonaro waves a Brazilian flag while addressing supporters during his inauguration ceremony in Brasilia on Jan. 1, 2019. (Evaristo Sa/AFP/Getty Images)

Brazil’s Love Affair With Diplomacy Is Dead

A leader in liberal internationalism is about to turn its back on the world.

An equation written at a secondary school on Dec. 1, 2014 in London. (Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)

The Welfare State Is Committing Suicide by Artificial Intelligence

Denmark is using algorithms to deliver benefits to citizens—and undermining its own democracy in the process.

A man poses on a pillory with a French flag during a demonstration against rising fuel prices on Nov. 17, 2018 in Dole, France. (Sebastien Bozon/AFP/Getty Images)

Macron Can Survive France’s Anger

The French will remain restive unless and until the effects of their president’s ambitious reforms kick in.

A man wears a mask of French President Emmanuel Macron during a protest against rising fuel prices on Nov. 17 in Haulchin, France. (Francois Lo Presti/AFP/Getty Images)

Les Misérables vs. Macron

France’s angry nationwide protests are less like a revolution than a Tea Party—and that’s bad news for the government.

Demonstrators hold flags and chant slogans during a protest in front of the Istanbul courthouse in support of Turkish-German journalist Adil Demirci during his trial on Nov. 20. (Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images)

The West Has Abandoned Liberals Like Me

As the United States and Europe debate the demise of global order, people in forgotten corners of the world are still risking their lives for freedom.

Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower at NATO's Paris headquarters in 1951. (AFP/Getty Images)

Want to Win the Midterms? Spend Less on War

The intensification of the liberal-neoconservative alliance under Trump is not good news for Democrats.

U.S. flags flutter in strong wind in front of the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C., on March 2. (Nicholas Kamm/AFP/Getty Images)

What Sort of World Are We Headed for?

The liberal world order never really existed. Great-power politics are here to stay.

Photograph of Judith Shklar, March 1972. UAV 605.295.11, Box 3.  Harvard University Archives.

Who’s Afraid of Judith Shklar?

Meet the American philosopher who showed that Western politics could only move forward by first taking a step backward.

Leader of 'Ciudadanos' (Citizens) political party, Albert Rivera in Madrid on February 7, 2018. (PIERRE-PHILIPPE MARCOU/AFP/Getty Images)

Why Spain’s Top Populist Is a Centrist

Albert Rivera is tearing down his country’s establishment from the middle. Just don't call him Spain's Emmanuel Macron.

French President Emmanuel Macron at the Felix Eboue Airport of Cayenne, in French Guiana, on October 26, 2017. (RONAN LIETAR/AFP/Getty Images)

Macron Has Changed France’s Political DNA

One year after his election, it's clear Emmanuel Macron isn't just a president — he's a liberal man of providence.

Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich introduces Donald Trump during a rally in Cincinnati, Ohio. (John Sommers II/Getty Images)

Democracy Is Dying by Natural Causes

From Nazis to Newt Gingrich, a brief survey of the many ways government-by-the-people can perish from the earth.

International Monetary Fund Managing Director Christine Lagarde and historian Niall Ferguson speak onstage during Tina Brown's 7th Annual Women In The World Summit in New York City, on Apr. 7, 2016. (Jemal Countess/Getty Images)

China’s Understanding of Global Order Shouldn’t Be Ours

Contrary to what Niall Ferguson suggests, if the liberal international system gets reduced to economics, it will no longer exist.