nationalism

Boys in their senior year at the Protection of Civilians Camp 3 study after class in Juba, South Sudan, on March 23. (Alex Potter for Foreign Policy)

For South Sudan, It’s Not So Easy to Declare Independence From Arabic

When the world’s newest country broke away from Khartoum, it discarded Sudan’s main official language, too. But casting aside the oppressor’s tongue did not heal the country’s divisions.

A Polish ultranationalist waits for the beginning of a demonstration in Warsaw on Nov. 11, 2010. (Wojtek Radwanski/AFP/Getty Images)

Extreme Nationalism Is as Polish as Pierogi

It’s entirely fitting that Poland is celebrating its independence with a far-right nationalist parade.

A convoy of Russian troops makes its way through the mountains in the village of Dzhaba on August 9, 2008 as Georgian troops battled with Russian forces over breakaway provinces.

Ethnic Nationalism Gave Georgia Freedom. Now It Needs Civic Nationalism to Survive.

The Caucasus is a complex ethnic and religious patchwork, and only a shared identity can help Georgians push back against Putin.

The political theorist and historian Isaiah Berlin on Oct. 23, 1992. (Sophie Bassouls/Sygma via Getty Images)

We Are All Isaiah Berliners Now

Nationalism is back, but nobody seems to know what it means. A forgotten essay marking its 40th anniversary can help.

Two women stand next to women wearing the niqab in the Hague, the Netherlands, on Nov. 23, 2016. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)

How to Compromise With Populism

It’s still possible to prevent the West from collapsing into permanent culture war—but only if it takes a totally new approach to nationalism.

People carry German flags and a banner which reads "Stop Islamization" during a march organized by the far-right AfD party in Rostock,  Germany on September 22, 2018.

Germany’s New Politics of Cultural Despair

Will the return of the European far-right be the undoing of the West?

An oil worker lies on a deck during a fire drill aboard the Pemex Ku-S oil processing center in the Gulf of Mexico on Aug. 5, 2010. (Alfredo Estrella/AFP/Getty Images)

Mexico and Brazil’s Crude Politics

A potential return to resource nationalism could set both countries back.

South African President  Cyril Ramaphosa addresses the United Nations General Assembly in New York on Sept. 25.

‘Where There Has Been Wrongdoing There Will Be Accountability’

South Africa’s president tells Foreign Policy about his plans to tackle corruption, redistribute land, and restore the country’s moral leadership.

Iranian women mourn during a public funeral in Ahvaz on Sept. 24. The ceremony was for those killed during an attack on a military parade over the weekend. (Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images)

Did a Terrorist Attack Just Save the Iranian Regime?

After a strike on a military parade, nationalist sentiment is on the rise—and not a moment too soon for a government that was facing deepening discontent.

The “Founding Fathers” exhibit at the House of European History highlights key architects of European integration. (Dominique Hommel/European Union 2018 – EP)

Night at the Museum

Brussels’s new European history museum could put anyone to sleep.

Kotryna Zukauskaite illustration for Foreign Policy

Germany’s Return of the Repressed 

The country’s far-right wants to revive ethnic nationalism. The left must come up with its own alternative.

Croatian nationalist singer Marko Perkovic (known as Thompson) performs during an event to welcome Zlatko Dalic, Croatia's national football coach, at a local stadium in the Western-Bosnian town of Livno on July 24, 2018.

In Croatia, Nazi Sympathizers Are Welcome to Join the Party

The national soccer team celebrated its strong World Cup showing alongside a singer who glorifies the country’s fascist past. But it shouldn’t have come as a surprise.

A pedestrian lights a cigarette as he walks past banners with portraits of Turrkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (L) and the leader of Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) Devlet Bahceli in Istanbul on June 19.

Get Ready for a More Aggressive Turkey

Erdogan’s new partner in parliament — the ultranationalist MHP — will make Ankara a more belligerent and intransigent ally.

Thierry Baudet, the leader of the Forum voor Democratie (FvD) party, reacts during election night in Amsterdam, on March 15, 2017.

The New Dutch Disease Is White Nationalism

An upstart far-right party in the Netherlands threatens to entrench xenophobia in one of Europe’s most progressive countries.

People wave Macedonian flags during a protest in a central square in Skopje on March 4. Right-wing and diaspora organizations protested against a possible compromise with Greece on the country's name  which they say would damage the national interest. (Robert Atanasovski/AFP/Getty Images)

A Macedonia by Any Other Name

The Balkans desperately need help, but Greece won't stop picking a fight over what to call its northern neighbor.

Demonstrators burn flares and wave Polish flags during the annual march to commemorate Poland's National Independence Day in Warsaw on November 11, 2017.

Poland’s Holocaust Denialism Will Come Back to Haunt It

Polish leaders thought peddling historical revisionism at home had no consequences; now, it could threaten two crucial alliances.

President Donald Trump delivers a speech in Warsaw, Poland, on July 6, 2017. (Janet Skarzynski/AFP/Getty Images)

Trump’s Nationalism Is Arbitrary, Dangerous, Incoherent, and Silly

Nationalism has a new voice. That makes it all the more imperative to take its claims seriously and meet them head on.

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy and Catalan Prime Minister Carles Puigdemont during their meeting at La Moncloa palace in Madrid on April 20, 2016. (Curto de la Torre/AFP/Getty Images)

Catalonia’s Crisis Is Just Getting Started

Spain's prime minister tried, and failed, to strong-arm Catalonia. The result is an enduring stalemate.

French President Emmanuel Macron looks at a bust of writer Alexandre Dumas during a visit to the Monte Cristo castle near Paris, on Sep. 16. (Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images)

France Is Debating Whether French Is Sexist

Is the grammar of liberté, égalité, fraternité inherently chauvinistic?

Supporters of an independence for Catalonia listen to Catalan president Carles Puigdemont's speech  in Barcelona on October 10, 2017. ( Pau Barrena/AFP/Getty Images)

Catalan President Backs Down From Independence Declaration

Puigdemont says he’ll still pursue negotiations with Spain.

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