nationalism

Protesters are enveloped by tear gas during a demonstration in Hong Kong's Sheung Wan district on July 28.

Beijing Is Weaponizing Nationalism Against Hong Kongers

Hong Kong’s unique identity threatens Xi Jinping’s rhetoric of greatness.

Members of the army carry a coffin covered with the Ethiopian flag in Addis Ababa on June 25, in preparation for the funeral service of the Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian National Defense Force, Seare Mekonnen, who was assassinated on June 22.

Abiy Ahmed’s Reforms Have Unleashed Forces He Can No Longer Control

Ethiopia’s prime minister oversaw the chaotic release of thousands of prisoners, including many ethnonationalist militants. His amnesty may now be coming back to haunt him.

Supporters wave U.S. flags as they attend the Rally for America event at Marshall University stadium May 24, 2003 in Huntington, West Virginia.

You Can’t Defeat Nationalism, So Stop Trying

There are deep reasons that imagined communities will always be a powerful reality in international politics.

2020-foreign-policy-jonathan-tepperman

The 2020 Candidates Aren’t Talking About Foreign Policy. They Need to Start.

The United States caused many of the planet’s problems and can still unmake them—but only if its politicians face up to the challenge.

Chinese students march with banners reading “Down with the traitors who buy Japanese goods” during demonstrations in Shanghai in 1919.

The Birth of Chinese Nationalism

Chinese students marched into Tiananmen Square 100 years ago in a movement that is still shaping attitudes in the country today.

Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (R) and leader of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) Devlet Bahceli talk on stage during a rally in advance of local elections in Ankara on March 23.

In Turkey, Erdogan Is Still Calling All the Shots

The president’s coalition partners aren’t pulling him to the right. They’re doing his bidding.

Supporters of the Republican People's Party  cheer and wave Turkish national flags in front of the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in Ankara, on April 8. (Adem Altan/AFP/Getty Images)

Erdogan’s Worst Enemy Is His Only Ally

The real winner of Turkey’s local elections is the ultranationalist MHP party.

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko in Kiev on Feb. 15, 2015. (Sergei Supinsky/AFP/Getty Images)

Petro Poroshenko’s Last-Minute Nationalist Makeover

Ukraine’s president is making a desperate gambit to win re-election—and to remain politically relevant if he loses.

A campaign portrait of Dutch far-right Forum for Democracy (FvD) party Thierry Baudet is pictured next to alcool bottles during a provincial elections party electoral gathering in Zeist on March 20, 2019. - Netherland's Prime Minister is set to lose his majority in parliament's upper house after FvD surged in today's provincial elections, according to an exit poll. (Photo by Bart Maat / ANP / AFP) / Netherlands OUT        (Photo credit should read BART MAAT/AFP/Getty Images)

The New Face of the Dutch Far-Right

Thierry Baudet once called politicians brain-dead. Now his upstart white nationalist movement has eclipsed Geert Wilders and won more Senate seats than the prime minister’s party.

Derek Tait, a biker and pastor prepares to speak to a crowd of people before the haka was performed as a tribute to victims in Christchurch on March 20, 2019, five days after the twin mosque shootings. (Anthony Wallace/AFP/Getty Images)

White Supremacism Isn’t Insanity

If you want to stop terrorists like New Zealand’s mosque shooter, the first step is to try to understand what they’re saying.

Norwegian mass murder Anders Behring Breivik makes a Nazi salute before his appeal hearing at a court at the Telemark prison in Skien, Norway, on Jan. 10, 2017.

The Dark Web Enabled the Christchurch Killer

The attack in New Zealand was inspired in part by the Norwegian mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik, but the real threat is lone wolves lurking in the far corners of the Internet.

Mourners gather outside the State Library of Victoria in Melbourne, Australia after a 28-year-old Australian-born man, Brenton Tarrant, appeared in Christchurch District Court on Saturday charged with murder for killing 49 people at mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand. The attack is the worst mass shooting in New Zealand's history.

The Inspiration for Terrorism in New Zealand Came From France

The gunman who massacred Muslims was inspired by ideas that have circulated for decades on the French far-right.

Milorad Dodik, president of Bosnia and Herzegovina's Republika Srpska entity, addresses media after casting his vote, on September 25, 2016, at one of local voting stations in Western-Bosnian town of Laktasi.

Journalists Are Living in Fear in Republika Srpska

Bosnia has a thriving media sector, but those who refuse to become mouthpieces for the government increasingly find themselves in exile or under police protection.

Supporters of the ruling Law and Justice party (PiS) attend a ceremony marking the seventh anniversary of the presidential plane crash in Smolensk, Russia in front of the presidential palace in Warsaw, on April 10, 2017. Then-Polish President Lech Kaczynski the twin brother of PiS's figurehead, Jaroslaw Kaczynski—was among those who died in the crash on April 10, 2010.

Poland’s Historical Revisionism Is Pushing It Into Moscow’s Arms

The country doesn’t need an openly pro-Russian political party. Its own government’s attempts to rewrite Polish history play directly into Vladimir Putin’s hands.

A migrant rides a bike past greenhouses on January 14, 2019. In southern Spain, the far-right party Vox has attracted farmers with its pledge to deport illegal workers.

Spanish Nationalists Hate Separatists, Not Immigrants

Spain has long resisted the rise of the far-right, because Basque and Catalan separatism animated nationalist passions—but the rise of Vox in Andalusia shows that the country is not immune from xenophobic politics.

Boys in their senior year at the Protection of Civilians Camp 3 study after class in Juba, South Sudan, on March 23. (Alex Potter for Foreign Policy)

For South Sudan, It’s Not So Easy to Declare Independence From Arabic

When the world’s newest country broke away from Khartoum, it discarded Sudan’s main official language, too. But casting aside the oppressor’s tongue did not heal the country’s divisions.

A Polish ultranationalist waits for the beginning of a demonstration in Warsaw on Nov. 11, 2010. (Wojtek Radwanski/AFP/Getty Images)

Extreme Nationalism Is as Polish as Pierogi

It’s entirely fitting that Poland is celebrating its independence with a far-right nationalist parade.

A convoy of Russian troops makes its way through the mountains in the village of Dzhaba on August 9, 2008 as Georgian troops battled with Russian forces over breakaway provinces.

Ethnic Nationalism Gave Georgia Freedom. Now It Needs Civic Nationalism to Survive.

The Caucasus is a complex ethnic and religious patchwork, and only a shared identity can help Georgians push back against Putin.

The political theorist and historian Isaiah Berlin on Oct. 23, 1992. (Sophie Bassouls/Sygma via Getty Images)

We Are All Isaiah Berliners Now

Nationalism is back, but nobody seems to know what it means. A forgotten essay marking its 40th anniversary can help.

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