nationalism

Norwegian mass murder Anders Behring Breivik makes a Nazi salute before his appeal hearing at a court at the Telemark prison in Skien, Norway, on Jan. 10, 2017.

The Dark Web Enabled the Christchurch Killer

The attack in New Zealand was inspired in part by the Norwegian mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik, but the real threat is lone wolves lurking in the far corners of the Internet.

Mourners gather outside the State Library of Victoria in Melbourne, Australia after a 28-year-old Australian-born man, Brenton Tarrant, appeared in Christchurch District Court on Saturday charged with murder for killing 49 people at mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand. The attack is the worst mass shooting in New Zealand's history.

The Inspiration for Terrorism in New Zealand Came From France

The gunman who massacred Muslims was inspired by ideas that have circulated for decades on the French far-right.

Milorad Dodik, president of Bosnia and Herzegovina's Republika Srpska entity, addresses media after casting his vote, on September 25, 2016, at one of local voting stations in Western-Bosnian town of Laktasi.

Journalists Are Living in Fear in Republika Srpska

Bosnia has a thriving media sector, but those who refuse to become mouthpieces for the government increasingly find themselves in exile or under police protection.

Supporters of the ruling Law and Justice party (PiS) attend a ceremony marking the seventh anniversary of the presidential plane crash in Smolensk, Russia in front of the presidential palace in Warsaw, on April 10, 2017. Then-Polish President Lech Kaczynski the twin brother of PiS's figurehead, Jaroslaw Kaczynski—was among those who died in the crash on April 10, 2010.

Poland’s Historical Revisionism Is Pushing It Into Moscow’s Arms

The country doesn’t need an openly pro-Russian political party. Its own government’s attempts to rewrite Polish history play directly into Vladimir Putin’s hands.

A migrant rides a bike past greenhouses on January 14, 2019. In southern Spain, the far-right party Vox has attracted farmers with its pledge to deport illegal workers.

Spanish Nationalists Hate Separatists, Not Immigrants

Spain has long resisted the rise of the far-right, because Basque and Catalan separatism animated nationalist passions—but the rise of Vox in Andalusia shows that the country is not immune from xenophobic politics.

Boys in their senior year at the Protection of Civilians Camp 3 study after class in Juba, South Sudan, on March 23. (Alex Potter for Foreign Policy)

For South Sudan, It’s Not So Easy to Declare Independence From Arabic

When the world’s newest country broke away from Khartoum, it discarded Sudan’s main official language, too. But casting aside the oppressor’s tongue did not heal the country’s divisions.

A Polish ultranationalist waits for the beginning of a demonstration in Warsaw on Nov. 11, 2010. (Wojtek Radwanski/AFP/Getty Images)

Extreme Nationalism Is as Polish as Pierogi

It’s entirely fitting that Poland is celebrating its independence with a far-right nationalist parade.

A convoy of Russian troops makes its way through the mountains in the village of Dzhaba on August 9, 2008 as Georgian troops battled with Russian forces over breakaway provinces.

Ethnic Nationalism Gave Georgia Freedom. Now It Needs Civic Nationalism to Survive.

The Caucasus is a complex ethnic and religious patchwork, and only a shared identity can help Georgians push back against Putin.

The political theorist and historian Isaiah Berlin on Oct. 23, 1992. (Sophie Bassouls/Sygma via Getty Images)

We Are All Isaiah Berliners Now

Nationalism is back, but nobody seems to know what it means. A forgotten essay marking its 40th anniversary can help.

Two women stand next to women wearing the niqab in the Hague, the Netherlands, on Nov. 23, 2016. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)

How to Compromise With Populism

It’s still possible to prevent the West from collapsing into permanent culture war—but only if it takes a totally new approach to nationalism.

People carry German flags and a banner which reads "Stop Islamization" during a march organized by the far-right AfD party in Rostock,  Germany on September 22, 2018.

Germany’s New Politics of Cultural Despair

Will the return of the European far-right be the undoing of the West?

An oil worker lies on a deck during a fire drill aboard the Pemex Ku-S oil processing center in the Gulf of Mexico on Aug. 5, 2010. (Alfredo Estrella/AFP/Getty Images)

Mexico and Brazil’s Crude Politics

A potential return to resource nationalism could set both countries back.

South African President  Cyril Ramaphosa addresses the United Nations General Assembly in New York on Sept. 25.

‘Where There Has Been Wrongdoing There Will Be Accountability’

South Africa’s president tells Foreign Policy about his plans to tackle corruption, redistribute land, and restore the country’s moral leadership.

Iranian women mourn during a public funeral in Ahvaz on Sept. 24. The ceremony was for those killed during an attack on a military parade over the weekend. (Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images)

Did a Terrorist Attack Just Save the Iranian Regime?

After a strike on a military parade, nationalist sentiment is on the rise—and not a moment too soon for a government that was facing deepening discontent.

The “Founding Fathers” exhibit at the House of European History highlights key architects of European integration. (Dominique Hommel/European Union 2018 – EP)

Night at the Museum

Brussels’s new European history museum could put anyone to sleep.

Kotryna Zukauskaite illustration for Foreign Policy

Germany’s Return of the Repressed 

The country’s far-right wants to revive ethnic nationalism. The left must come up with its own alternative.

Croatian nationalist singer Marko Perkovic (known as Thompson) performs during an event to welcome Zlatko Dalic, Croatia's national football coach, at a local stadium in the Western-Bosnian town of Livno on July 24, 2018.

In Croatia, Nazi Sympathizers Are Welcome to Join the Party

The national soccer team celebrated its strong World Cup showing alongside a singer who glorifies the country’s fascist past. But it shouldn’t have come as a surprise.

A pedestrian lights a cigarette as he walks past banners with portraits of Turrkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (L) and the leader of Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) Devlet Bahceli in Istanbul on June 19.

Get Ready for a More Aggressive Turkey

Erdogan’s new partner in parliament — the ultranationalist MHP — will make Ankara a more belligerent and intransigent ally.

Thierry Baudet, the leader of the Forum voor Democratie (FvD) party, reacts during election night in Amsterdam, on March 15, 2017.

The New Dutch Disease Is White Nationalism

An upstart far-right party in the Netherlands threatens to entrench xenophobia in one of Europe’s most progressive countries.

People wave Macedonian flags during a protest in a central square in Skopje on March 4. Right-wing and diaspora organizations protested against a possible compromise with Greece on the country's name  which they say would damage the national interest. (Robert Atanasovski/AFP/Getty Images)

A Macedonia by Any Other Name

The Balkans desperately need help, but Greece won't stop picking a fight over what to call its northern neighbor.

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