North Africa

A fisherman mends his nets on a fishing boat in Trapani harbor in Sicily on Sept. 7, 2017.

The Mediterranean Red Prawn War Signals Italy’s Lost Leverage in Libya

Italian fishermen are being kidnapped off the coast of Libya—and Rome is too caught up in EU migration politics to help.

Malian Air Force deputy chief of staff Ismael Wague speaks during a press conference in Kati, Mali on August 19.

Mali Needs a Marshall Plan, Not a Military Regime

American, French, and West African leaders must pressure the army to stand down and form an interim government, before a power vacuum and violent extremism threaten the entire region.

Self-proclaimed Libyan National Army Chief of Staff Khalifa Haftar arrives for a conference on Libya.

Could Libya Be Partitioned?

Strongman Khalifa Haftar has lost the initiative, and it looks as if the only option left for his international backers is to divide the country.

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi leaves after a meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

IMF Loans Will Further Entrench Corruption in Egypt

Recently disbursed IMF funding will only help the Sisi regime and entrench its rule.

Fighters of a military battalion loyal to Libyan Gen. Khalifa Haftar

The Coronavirus Could Heal Libya

The pandemic might prompt the kind of cooperation needed to end the country’s civil war, after years of fighting and foreign intervention failed.

People inspect the damage inside a building following a rocket attack by forces loyal to eastern Libyan strongman Khalifa Haftar.

The Libyan Civil War Is About to Get Worse

None of the parties involved is serious about reaching a political settlement, meaning the conflict could kill many more this year.

Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias (right) meets with Libyan strongman Khalifa Haftar (left) in Athens, Greece, on Jan. 17, 2020, ahead of a peace conference in Berlin aimed at ending the civil war in Libya.

Russia’s Role in the Libyan Civil War Gives It Leverage Over Europe

Russia has played all sides in the conflict to get a seat at the negotiating table. Now it wants an end to sanctions.

Students attend a rally at Edinburgh Place in Hong Kong on Aug. 22.

2019: A Year of Global Protest

Even as right-wing forces took hold in many places around the world, grassroots democracy proved itself alive and well.

An Algerian protester holds up a red card during an anti-government demonstration in Algiers on Dec. 11.

Algeria’s Election Won’t Save Its Democracy

In the presidential vote this week, citizens looking for change will have few good options to pick from.

An Algerian woman protests during a demonstration in Algiers.

After 8 Months on the Streets, Protesters in Algeria Aren’t Giving Up

Citizens have been promised new elections. But they are looking for more fundamental change.

Handwritten notes are stuck on a boat used by migrants on Los Caños de Meca beach near Barbate, Spain, on Nov. 26, 2018.

Europe’s Future Will Be Decided in North Africa

The United States should stop treating the region as secondary to the rest of the Middle East.

China’s Global Investments Are Declining Everywhere Except for One Region

Three charts highlight Beijing’s growing interest in the Middle East and North Africa.

A Libyan woman hits a photo of strongman Khalifa Haftar with her shoe during a demonstration in Tripoli on April 19.

Trump’s Support for Haftar Won’t Help Libya

The United States should be working to help negotiate peace rather than fanning the flames of another failed war. 

Forces loyal to the internationally recognized Libyan Government of National Accord drive through Tripoli’s old international airport on April 8. (Mahmud Turkia/AFP/Getty Images)

Who Controls Libya’s Airports Controls Libya

The battle for control over critical infrastructure shows who might win the civil war.

Gun-mounted vehicles belonging to fighters loyal to the Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA) near a military compound in a suburb of Tripoli on April 9.

Khalifa Haftar’s Miscalculated Attack on Tripoli Will Cost Him Dearly

The Libyan general was poised to rise to power. Now his unnecessary assault on the capital is alienating key international backers and potential local allies.

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