sea lanes

The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy aircraft carrier Liaoning participates in a naval parade near Qingdao in eastern China's Shandong province, on April 23, 2019.

China’s Hidden Navy

The evidence shows that supposed fishing boats around contested islands are part of an extensive maritime militia.

Britain's new aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth arrives in New York on Oct. 19, 2018. (Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

Britannia Helps Rule the Waves

The Royal Navy’s return to Asia can guarantee the freedom of the seas.

Philippine Navy ships participate in an amphibious landing as part of the annual U.S.-Philippines joint military exercises in Zambales province, northwest of Manila, on May 9, 2018. (Ted Aljibe/AFP/Getty Images)

America’s Freedom of Navigation Operations Are Lost at Sea

Far wider measures are needed to challenge Beijing’s maritime aggression.

Russian President Vladimir Putin points at a map while inspecting the construction of a bridge across the Kerch Strait, linking Russia and the Crimean peninsula, while aboard a helicopter on March 18, 2016. (Mikhail Klimenty/AFP/Getty Images)

Goodbye Grotius, Hello Putin

Russia’s provocations in the Kerch Strait aren’t just a challenge to Ukraine. Like Beijing in the South China Sea, Moscow is seeking to undermine international maritime law.

A painting of the World War I Battle of Jutland shows the sinking hit of the British battlecruiser HMS Indefatigable shortly before its explosion on May 31, 1916. (Willy Stöwer/ullstein bild via Getty Images)

The U.S. Navy Has Forgotten What It’s Like to Fight

The U.K.'s defeat at Jutland is a reminder of how a victorious force can get lazy.

The ship Mein Schiff 6 is built at the Meyer Turku shipyard in Turku, Finland, on Sept. 6, 2016. (Jussi Nukari/AFP/Getty Images)

There’s No Plan B for Port Security

Privatization and automation have left global shipping fatally exposed.

KINMEN COUNTY, TAIWAN - APRIL 20:  A concrete bunker overlooks the Chinese city of Xamen from the Taiwanese island of Little Kinmen which, at points lies only a few miles from China, on April 20, 2018 in Kinmen, Taiwan. China recently carried out live-fire military drills in the Taiwan Strait involving its Liaoning aircraft carrier, an exercise interpreted as a show of force and a message to self-governed Taiwan which China claims as its territory. The naval exercise was the first in the Taiwan Strait since 2016 and was held just over 100 miles off the coast of Taiwan. Following the defeat of the ruling Kuomintang party by the Chinese Communist Party and their retreat to Taiwan in 1949, cross-strait relations have varied from open conflict to diplomatic war. China's President, Xi Jinping, recently emphasised China's sovereignty over Taiwan by stating that 'We have sufficient abilities to thwart any form of Taiwan independence attempts'. Beijing has also imposed financial restrictions by significantly limiting the number of Chinese tour groups allowed to visit Taiwan and imposed trade sanctions on the island.  (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)

China’s Taiwan Strait Provocations Need a U.S. Response

The United States should respond to Beijing's aggression by upholding freedom of navigation.

China's sole aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, arrives in Hong Kong waters on July 7, 2017. (Anthony Wallace/AFP/Getty Images)

China’s New Aircraft Carrier Is Already Obsolete

But it's still a powerful signal of Beijing's ambitions in a post-U.S. Asia.

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ATLANTIC OCEAN (Jan. 14, 2011) The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Mason (DDG 87) is underway as part of the Enterprise Carrier Strike Group. The strike group is deploying to support maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts in the U.S. 5th and 6th Fleet areas of responsibility. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Anna Wade/Released)

Is the U.S. Navy a Sitting Duck?

Why asymmetric warfare on the high seas is so tricky for great powers.

BEIJING, CHINA - SEPTEMBER 16:  Chinese People's Liberation Army navy soldiers of a guard of honor rehearse before a welcoming ceremony for Bahrain's King Hamad Bin Eisa Al Khalifa outside the Great Hall of People on September 16, 2013 in Beijing, China. At the invitation of Chinese President Xi Jinping, King Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain paid a state visit to China from September 14 to 16.  (Photo by Feng Li/Getty Images)

Will China Become an Aircraft Carrier Superpower?

With the announcement of its second carrier, prepare for a far more assertive Beijing.

<> on September 16, 2013 in Beijing, China.

When China Rules the Sea

The United States is no longer the world’s only global naval power.

Bakau, GAMBIA:  Election officials set up marbles on a board to count the votes after the presidential elections in Bakau early 22 September 2006. Early results today showed Yahya Jammeh, who seized power in a coup 12 years ago, was on track to win a third term as president of mainland Africa's smallest country. Jammeh has won in 12 of the 48 voting regions to have reported provisional results from yesterday's presidential election, according to the results released by the commission over national television and radio.AFP PHOTO SEYLLOU  (Photo credit should read SEYLLOU/AFP/Getty Images)

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