Sudan

List of Sudan articles

A Sudanese army armored vehicle is stationed in southern Khartoum.
A Sudanese army armored vehicle is stationed in southern Khartoum.

Sudan’s Failed Cease-Fire

Warring generals look abroad for support as millions remain displaced.

Amid ongoing battles, black smoke rises above the international airport in Khartoum, Sudan, on April 20.
Amid ongoing battles, black smoke rises above the international airport in Khartoum, Sudan, on April 20.

The Geopolitics of U.S. Engagement in Sudan

Washington’s Middle Eastern partners can help prevent Sudan from becoming another Libya.

An activist holds a sign depicting rival generals, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, who leads the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), and Mohamed Hamdan “Hemeti” Dagalo, during a demonstration in front of the White House in Washington on April 29, 2023.
An activist holds a sign depicting rival generals, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, who leads the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), and Mohamed Hamdan “Hemeti” Dagalo, during a demonstration in front of the White House in Washington on April 29, 2023.

Where the U.S. Went Wrong in Sudan

Khartoum now faces civil war. What does the U.S. have to do with it?

A photo collage illustration shows the two warring generals at the center of Sudan's unrest alongside images of U.S. President Joe Biden and the seal of the state department for a story about U.S. diplomacy in Sudan.
A photo collage illustration shows the two warring generals at the center of Sudan's unrest alongside images of U.S. President Joe Biden and the seal of the state department for a story about U.S. diplomacy in Sudan.

How the U.S. Fumbled Sudan’s Hopes for Democracy

The East African country, once a beacon for change, now faces civil war.

Sudanese refugees from the Tandelti area receive aid in Koufroun, Chad, near Echbara, on April 30, 2023.
Sudanese refugees from the Tandelti area receive aid in Koufroun, Chad, near Echbara, on April 30, 2023.

Sudan’s War Might Not Stay in Sudan

A power struggle in the capital, Khartoum, could destabilize neighboring Chad and impact the entire Sahel region.

An aerial view of a city. A black plume of smoke rises from one of the buildings.
An aerial view of a city. A black plume of smoke rises from one of the buildings.
People fleeing violence between the Sudanese army and paramilitaries disembark a passenger bus at the Multaga rest stop near Ganetti in Sudan's Northern State on April 25.
People fleeing violence between the Sudanese army and paramilitaries disembark a passenger bus at the Multaga rest stop near Ganetti in Sudan's Northern State on April 25.

Sudan’s Warring Generals Ignore Truce

The fighting in Khartoum continues as embassies evacuate diplomats.

A general view shows smoke billowing in Khartoum, Sudan, on Apr. 20 as fighting between the army and paramilitary forces led by rival generals rages on.
A general view shows smoke billowing in Khartoum, Sudan, on Apr. 20 as fighting between the army and paramilitary forces led by rival generals rages on.

Hemeti’s Rise in Sudan Is a Threat to Regional Stability

Countries that prefer peace to chaos should hope for a quick army victory over the RSF.

Sudanese army soldiers, loyal to army chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, sit atop a tank in the Red Sea city of Port Sudan, on April 20, 2023.
Sudanese army soldiers, loyal to army chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, sit atop a tank in the Red Sea city of Port Sudan, on April 20, 2023.

When Fighting Is More Rational Than Peacemaking

Sudan’s power struggle is a textbook case of the credible commitment problem in international relations.

Soldiers drive by a crowd standing on a military vehicle.
Soldiers drive by a crowd standing on a military vehicle.

Scoop: U.S. Military Chief Working the Phones to Halt Sudan Conflict

The top U.S. general is the latest to try to end the six days of fighting that has killed 300 people.

Abdel Fattah al-Burhan (center), the head of the Sudanese Armed Forces and de facto leader of Sudan, and Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (left), his deputy, attend a ceremony in Khartoum, Sudan, on Dec. 5, 2022.
Abdel Fattah al-Burhan (center), the head of the Sudanese Armed Forces and de facto leader of Sudan, and Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (left), his deputy, attend a ceremony in Khartoum, Sudan, on Dec. 5, 2022.

In Sudan, U.S. Policies Paved the Way for War

A misguided effort to integrate the RSF into the Sudanese Armed Forces led to a tragic but predictable conflict.

Sudanese soldiers riding on a truck are greeted by a crowd as they travel through the Red Sea city of Port Sudan.
Sudanese soldiers riding on a truck are greeted by a crowd as they travel through the Red Sea city of Port Sudan.

U.S. Readies New Sanctions on Warring Sudanese Forces

Some officials privately worry it’s too little, too late.

Smoke billows above residential buildings in Khartoum.
Smoke billows above residential buildings in Khartoum.

Western Governments Look to Escape the ‘Nightmare’ in Sudan

Officials fear evacuations are easier said than done as fighting sweeps through Khartoum.

Sudanese people greet soldiers loyal to army chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan in the Red Sea city of Port Sudan on April 16.
Sudanese people greet soldiers loyal to army chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan in the Red Sea city of Port Sudan on April 16.

Sudan Descends Into Conflict as Rival Generals Clash

The long-brewing power struggle between Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo has plunged the country into civil war.

People fleeing violence in Mali walk through the weekly market in the M'Berra refugee camp in Bassikounou, Mauritania, on June 7, 2022.
People fleeing violence in Mali walk through the weekly market in the M'Berra refugee camp in Bassikounou, Mauritania, on June 7, 2022.

How Russia’s Wagner Group Is Fueling Terrorism in Africa

Moscow’s scramble for valuable resources has come at the cost of regional security.

Sudanese citizens hold banners and flags as they walk to the Presidential Palace on the 4th anniversary of the Sudanese Revolution in Khartoum, Sudan on Dec. 19, 2022.
Sudanese citizens hold banners and flags as they walk to the Presidential Palace on the 4th anniversary of the Sudanese Revolution in Khartoum, Sudan on Dec. 19, 2022.

Ukraine Shows What Unity on Human Rights Can Achieve

Governments must not limit their moral outrage to situations that serve their short-term interests.

A man ties a piece of cloth over a demonstrator’s face in Sudan.
A man ties a piece of cloth over a demonstrator’s face in Sudan.

Sudan’s Citizens Refuse to Give Up

One year after a military coup, activists continue to mobilize despite deadly crackdowns.

Demonstrators with Tigray flags and posters march on the National Mall.
Demonstrators with Tigray flags and posters march on the National Mall.

Team Biden Balks on Africa Sanctions

As U.S. President Joe Biden ramps up sanctions on Russia, suspected war criminals in Africa escape unscathed.

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